The Best Purple Flowers for Your Garden and Next Floral Arrangement

Purple flowers are a popular addition to many gardens and feature prominently in elegant floral bouquets. Famed for their powerful yet calming hues, purple flowering annual and perennial plants bring a touch of grandeur, nobility, extravagance, and even a few royal-esque notes to borders, planters, flower beds, and cut flower arrangements. Here you’ll find 100 of our absolute favorite purple flowers featuring the likes of alliums, hydrangeas, zinnias, primroses, balloon flowers, coneflowers, orchids, and many more exquisite purple blooms. For each, we’ve included expert tips on suitable growing zones in addition to soil, sunlight, watering, and feeding considerations so you can find the perfect purple flowers for your own garden at home.

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Purple Flower Meaning & Symbolism

Purple is a powerful color component in floral design. Purple blooms have a deep sense of ceremony and are often associated with royalty and regal splendor. Purple flowers have historically been associated with dignity, success, admiration, and wisdom and are a popular choice to commemorate numerous occasions and sentiments.  

What’s more, the color purple is often symbolic of power, determination, grandeur, and luxury. Purple is also often associated with wisdom, wealth, mystery, and devotion with softer shades of purple being closely aligned with femininity and delicate beauty.  

For more, see our complete guide to purple flower meaning and symbolism.

Are Purple Flowers Considered Rare?

In comparison to reds, whites, pinks, blues, and other common colors produced by flowering plants the color purple is much rarer in terms of the number of plants that produce purple blooms. The color purple is thought to be a particularly effective guide for prospective pollinators as well. For more, see our guide to the most fragrant types of purple flowers.

Here you’ll find 100 of our favorite purple flowers that will thrive in a range of growing zones and regions around the world. We’ve included a brief care guide for each so you can find the perfect pick for your own unique growing patch. 

1) Allium (Allium)

Allium (Allium)


Allium is genus of flowering plants comprising hundreds of different species including the likes of onions, garlic, and chives. Many hybrids are grown as ornamentals (such as the ‘Gladiator’ and ‘Globemaster’) and are revered for their intricate spherical blossoming flowers atop a single elegant stalk. Alliums look stunning in a purple bouquet or vase arrangement. They’re loved by pollinating insects as well and many grow up to around 3’ in height.

Common Name:Allium or Ornamental Alliums
Botanical Name:Allium
Genus:             Allium
Colors:   Light and deep purples, mauve, in addition to pinks and deep blues.
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Where to Plant: Borders, sheltered from the wind where possible to protect the delicate flowering spikes.
Sunlight:Full-sun or partial shade.
Watering:Drought tolerant, infrequent watering.
Feeding:Spring and Summer only with an organic bulb fertilizer.

2) Alpine Betony (Stachys monieri)

Alpine Betony (Stachys monieri)


Alpine Betony offers a whimsically wild look to well-tended gardens as it offers abundant blooms from early spring until fall. These perennial plants feature a starburst-shaped clump of textured leaves in a vibrant green. Long stems shoot upward from the leaves to bloom with spikes of small purple flowers. Alpine Betony grows up to 18 to 20-inches tall. Pollinators love them, while deer and rabbits avoid them, making them a perfect defense for other garden flowers.

Common Name:Alpine Betony or Hummelo Betony
Botanical Name:Stachys monieri
Genus:             Stachys
Colors:  Vibrant shades warm, pinkish purples
Growing Zones:3 to 4
Where to Plant: Borders and containers
Soil:Average to well-draining
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Drought tolerant, infrequent watering
Feeding:Summer only with a blooming plant fertilizer

3) Anemone (Anemone nemorosa)

Anemone (Anemone nemorosa)


A member of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae), the Anemone nemorosa has deep, green leaves that unfurl in groups of three and petite flowers (less than 1 inch across) that bloom in early spring. They grow wildly throughout Europe, and more than 70 cultivars exist for garden planting. These herbaceous perennial flowers do not grow taller than 12 inches.

Common Name:Wood Anemone
Botanical Name:Anemone nemorosa or Anemonoides nemorosa
Genus:             Anemonoides
Colors:  Lilac, blue, white, and pink
Growing Zones:5 to 8
Where to Plant: Best cultivated beneath trees and shrubs in natural gardens where they will be allowed to grow wild, seed, and return each spring
Soil:Rich, slightly acidic soil
Sunlight:Partial to full shade
Watering:Medium watering requirements, prefers moist soil. Drought tolerant when dormant.
Feeding:Fertilize in late fall with organic fertilizer or compost

4) Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)


From late spring through early fall, anise hyssop’s cone-shaped, lavender blooms attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and bumblebees to gardens across North America, where it grows naturally in prairies. Its name comes from the anise-like scent which the plant emits when bruised. A single plant produces many flowers and reaches heights of up to 4 feet. Plus, this drought-tolerant perennial will resist damage from deer that like to nibble.

Common Name:Anise Hyssop or Blue Giant Hyssop
Botanical Name:Agastache foeniculum
Genus:             Agastache
Colors:  Light lavender to deep indigo
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Where to Plant: Containers, garden beds, meadows
Soil:Sandy, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Drought tolerant, prone to root rot, infrequent watering.
Feeding:Early spring with a balanced fertilizer

5) Aster (Aster)

Aster (Aster)


Aster is a genus in the daisy family (Asteraceae) containing about 180 species of flowers. The name aster comes from the ancient Greek work for star, and it describes the aster’s stelliform flower heads which have rings of petals around their bright-yellow centers. Asters bloom in late summer through early fall, brightening gardens after most of summer’s flowers have faded. Asters’ height can reach 8 inches to 8 feet, depending on the cultivar. Be sure to choose one that’s suitable for your garden.

Common Name:Aster
Botanical Name:Aster
Genus:             Aster
Colors:  Various shades of purple, blue, pink, and white
Growing Zones:3 to 10
Where to Plant: Wildflower gardens, borders, containers, and rock gardents
Soil:Well-draining, but moist
Sunlight:Full to partial sun
Watering:Drought-tolerant, keep soil moist after planting
Feeding:Spring only with a thin layer of compost or balanced fertilizer mixed with mulch

6) Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorus)

Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorus)


The only species of the Platycodon genus, the Platycodon grandiflorus gets its common name from the plant’s balloon-shaped buds that swell up before bursting into beautiful, upward-facing, starry bell-shaped flowers. Balloon flowers bloom in summer and grow wild in China, Japan, the Korean Peninsula, and Eastern Siberia. Balloon flower root has traditional medicinal uses and is a common ingredient in popular Korean dishes.

Common Name:Balloon Flower
Botanical Name:Platycodon grandiflorus
Genus:             Platycodon
Colors:  Purple, purple-blue, pink, and white
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Where to Plant: Containers, borders, rock gardens, cottage gardens, and flower beds
Soil:Rich, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Prefers moderate moisture
Feeding:Apply slow-release fertilizer in spring

7) Bear’s Breeches (Acanthus mollis)

Bear’s Breeches (Acanthus mollis)


Native to the Mediterranean, the Acanthus mollis features tall spires that sprout from clumped foliage to grow cones of snapdragon-like blooms. Bear’s breeches can grow to be between 3 to 5 feet in height, making them a perfect choice for accenting or adding height to a garden bed. In the 5th century B.C.E., the ancient Greek sculptor, Callimachus, made the shape of this plant’s leaf famous by modeling the ornate tops of his Corinthian columns after them.

Common Name:Bear’s Breeches, Oyster Plant, or Sea Holly
Botanical Name:Acanthus mollis
Genus:             Acanthus
Colors:  Purple bracts with pinkish or purplish-white flowers
Growing Zones:7 to 10
Where to Plant: Borders and small groups in flower beds
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Moderate moisture
Feeding:Apply balanced fertilizer in spring or mid-summer only

8) Bee Orchid (Ophrys apifera)

Bee Orchid (Ophrys apifera)


The bee orchid offers a wonderful example of floral mimicry because it has a highly evolved plant-pollinator relationship. These orchids have four petals. Three are a stunning purple shade and the fourth resembles a plump bumblebee, feasting on pollen. This imposter petal attracts other bees to the flower, helping it reproduce. Native to Central and Southern Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, this flower is not commonly found in northern climates or in the United States. If you’re interested in adding this orchid to your collection, you might be able to procure one from an orchid enthusiast.

Common Name:Bee Orchid
Botanical Name:Ophrys apifera
Genus:             Ophrys
Colors:  Pinkish-purple (and bumblebee)
Growing Zones:6 to 9
Where to Plant: Containers and rock gardens
Soil:Neutral, moist, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Light shade
Watering:Moderate watering
Feeding:Avoid over-feeding. Use half-strength 30-10-10 fertilizer.

9) Bell Heather (Erica cinerea)

Purple Bell Heather (Erica cinerea)


Bell heather is a low-spreading, blooming shrub that grows to be about 20-inches tall. Each twig-like stem features small, spiky leaves. From early spring through early fall, bell heather blooms profusely with bell-shaped flowers in a vibrant shade of purplish-pink. They’re resistant to both deer and drought and are generally pest-free, which makes them a low-maintenance choice for outdoor gardens.

Common Name:Bell Heather or Twisted Heath
Botanical Name:Erica cinerea
Genus:             Erica
Colors:  Vibrant pink-purple and rarely white
Growing Zones:6 to 8
Where to Plant: Banks and slopes, coastal gardens, borders, ground cover, and containers
Soil:Well-draining, acidic clay, loam, and/or sand
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought-tolerant, average watering needs
Feeding:Apply slow-release fertilizer during growing season only

10) Bellflower (Campanula)

Bellflower (Campanula)


Campanula, commonly called bellflower, is a genus containing more than 500 species and numerous sub-species of perennial, biennial, and annual flowering plants. They bloom abundantly with star-like, bell-shaped flowers through June and July, and their blooming season can extend into October. Throughout the seasons, they’ll spread out, making them a great choice for blooming ground cover. Depending on the species, they can range from just a few inches to almost 7 feet in height.

Common Name:Bellflower
Botanical Name:Campanula
Genus:             Campanula
Colors:  Deep purple, blue, and white
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Where to Plant: Containers, flower beds, ground cover
Soil:Well-draining acidic, neutral, or alkaline soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Moderate moisture
Feeding:Spring only with a light application of balanced fertilizer

11) Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)


Considered an invasive species in North America, the bittersweet nightshade is native to Europe and Asia. This species of vine is part of the potato family (Solanaceae). The climbing plant has arrow-shaped leaves and shooting star-shaped blossoms with purple petals and yellow stamens. Whilst not quite as toxic as Deadly Nightshade, bittersweet is recognized for its crimson berries, which are also poisonous to humans.

Common Name:Bittersweet Nightshade, Climbing Nightshade, and Poisonberry
Botanical Name:Solanum dulcamara
Genus:             Solanum
Colors:  Purple
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Where to Plant: Plant with a climbing trellis or at the base of a tree/hedgerow
Soil:Well-draining, neutral to alkaline soil
Sunlight:Full to partial shade
Watering:Prefers moderate moisture
Feeding:Spring and summer apply balanced, organic fertilizer

12) Blackcurrant Swirl Moonflower (Datura metel)

Blackcurrant Swirl Moonflower (Datura)


The blackcurrant swirl moonflower (Datura metel) is one of nine species of the genus Datura. All flowers from the genus Datura are flowering, shrub-like, vespertine plants. Their blooms (up to six inches wide!) open in the evening. Plants of this genus are also poisonous and have hallucinogenic properties. Throughout history they’ve been used not only as a poison, but also in spiritual practices. The blackcurrant variety of Datura flowers have trumpet-shaped blossoms in deep hues of purple-splotched white.

Common Name:Blackcurrant Swirl Moonflower or Devil’s Trumpet
Botanical Name:Datura metel
Genus:             Datura
Colors:  Dark violet and white
Growing Zones:5 to 7 (annual), 8 to 10 (perennial)
Where to Plant: Containers and flower beds
Soil:Light, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Heavy watering in growing season, light in winter
Feeding:Spring and summer with a balanced, diluted fertilizer

13) Blue-Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium montanum)

Blue-Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium montanum)


Blue-eyed grass belongs to the iris (Iridaceae) plant family and grows wildly in meadows and open woods across the United States and Canada. This grass-like plant grows in clumps with slender stems and long, wing-like leaves. The plant’s small, purple flowers bloom from early spring through mid-summer, are less than 1 inch in diameter, and have six tepals and yellow stamens.

Common Name:Blue-Eyed Grass, Mountain Blue-Eyed Grass, or American Blue-Eyed Grass
Botanical Name:Sisyrinchium montanum
Genus:             Sisyrinchium
Colors:  Light lavender to deep indigo
Growing Zones:4 to 9
Where to Plant: Wildflower gardens and containers
Soil:Moist, sandy soil
Sunlight:Full sun to shade
Watering:Drought tolerant, infrequent watering
Feeding:Do not fertilize

14) Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra)

Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra)


Bougainvillea is a beautiful, flowering evergreen shrub. It’s commonly grown against fences and walls where it can reach up to about 12 feet in height. However, it can also grow standing alone in a garden bed. Bougainvillea blooms in swathes of vibrant purple bracts. In warm zones, it will bloom intermittently throughout the year. In cooler climates, blossoms will only appear in spring and summer. Full blooms require well-draining soil, bright sun, and warm weather.

Common Name:Bougainvillea or Paper Flower
Botanical Name:Bougainvillea glabra
Genus:             Bougainvillea
Colors:  Vibrant purple to fuchsia
Growing Zones:9 to 11
Where to Plant: Containers, hedgerows, flower beds, and hillsides
Soil:Well-draining, acidic soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Infrequent, but thorough soaking
Feeding:When blooming, fertilize frequently with a balanced fertilizer

15) Browallia (Browallia speciosa)

Browallia (Browallia speciosa)


Browallia speciosa is a tropical perennial that’s native to South America. In cooler climates, it’s typically grown as an annual flowering plant. Choose this perfect, low-maintenance plant for easy flower beds and container gardening that will bloom in beautiful hues of blue and purple from summer to fall. The plant grows into a cushion-shaped bush that blooms abundantly with star-shaped

Common Name:Amethyst Flower or Bush Violet
Botanical Name:Browallia speciosa
Genus:             Browallia
Colors:  Lavender, mauve, indigo, and white
Growing Zones:10 to 11
Where to Plant: Rock garden, flower bed, containers, or hanging baskets
Soil:Neutral, sandy, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Prefers moderately moist (never soggy) soil
Feeding:In summer, apply a low-nitrogen fertilizer

16) Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii)

Butterfly Bush Buddleia davidii


This deciduous shrub grows vigorously reaching up to 16 feet in height. Members of Buddleja genus produce large, lilac-like cones of petite blossoms in delicate shades of purple, pink, and white. Burdened with heavy flower heads, the butterfly bush’s branches often arch over to draw a weeping silhouette. From late spring to early fall, the plant’s honey-scented flowers provide a valuable nectar source to a variety of butterfly species, hence the name butterfly bush.

Common Name:Butterfly Bush, Summer Lilac, or Orange Eye
Botanical Name:Buddleja davidii(variant spelling: Buddleia davidii)
Genus:             Buddleja
Colors:  Dark purple
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Where to Plant: Cottage gardens, borders, and butterfly gardens
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Prefers moderately moist soil. Does poorly in soggy conditions.
Feeding:No fertilizer is needed. Can be lightly composted in summer.

17) Calla Lily (Zantedeschia)

Calla Lily (Zantedeschia)


A genus containing 8 species of herbaceous flowering plants, flowers from the Zantedeschia genus are commonly called calla lilies. These plants don’t actually bloom with traditional flowers, but rather sprout a false flower called a pseudanthium that features a colorful, funnel-shaped bract. They beginning blooming in summer and continue well into the fall.

Common Name:Calla Lily or Arum Lily
Botanical Name:Zantedeschia
Genus:             Zantedeschia
Colors:  Aubergine, black, white, cream, yellow, and pink
Growing Zones:5 to 11, depending on species
Where to Plant: Containers, flower beds, and garden borders
Soil:Well-draining soil of any acidity
Sunlight:Full to partial sun
Watering:Moderate watering needs
Feeding:Spring and summer apply a well-balanced fertilizer containing phosphorous

18) Camas Lily (Camassia)


From a clutch of grassy blades, star-shaped camas lily blossoms open up in purple clustered cones. These flowers are native to the western parts of North America where they blossom in early spring in winter-wet meadows, slopes, and prairies. Undisturbed camas lilies will self-seed and spread, creating a sea of purple – perfect for creating a natural look in a garden.

Common Name:Camas, Camas Lily, and Wild Hyacinth
Botanical Name:Camassia
Genus:             Camassia
Colors:  Dusty purple
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Where to Plant: Wildflower gardens, containers, and flower beds
Soil:Well-draining clay or loam soils
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Prefer moist soil in winter. Should dry out after flowering
Feeding:Fertilizing is not needed. Can provide a diluted, balanced fertilizer in early spring.

19) Candytuft (Iberis pruitii)

Candytuft (Iberis pruitii)


Atop a cushion of dark-green foliage, candytufts produce perennial blooms during summer. In shades of almost-white lavender, their delicate blossoms feature circles of petite, round petals that grow smaller as they approach the center of the bloom. Candytufts will spread naturally, creating a mat for perfectly natural suppression of weed growth throughout your garden.

Common Name:Candytuft or Pruit’s Candytuft
Botanical Name:Iberis pruitii
Genus:             Iberis
Colors:  Light violet
Growing Zones:7 to 11
Where to Plant: Containers, rock gardens, flower beds, and ground cover
Soil:Well-draining, slightly alkaline, sandy soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Regular watering needed
Feeding:Offer a well-balanced fertilizer in spring

20) Canterbury Bells (Campanula medium)

Canterbury Bells (Campanula medium)


Native to Southern Europe, Campanula medium is an annual or biennial flowering plant that blooms in spring and summer with broad, perfectly, bell-shaped blossoms in a variety of softly sophisticated hues. They provide an abundance of pollen and nectar that attracts both butterflies and honey bees. In flower language, Canterbury Bells symbolize faith, gratitude, and constancy.

Common Name:Canterbury Bells
Botanical Name:Campanula medium
Genus:             Campanula
Colors:  Light lavender and mauve to vibrant violet, pink, white, and periwinkle
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Where to Plant: Flower beds, among shrubs, borders, cottage gardens, and informal gardens
Soil:Moist but well-draining soil of any type
Sunlight:Full to partial sun
Watering:Moderate, water well-draining soil regularly during the growing season
Feeding:Late spring only offer a balanced fertilizer

21) Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)

Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)


If you’ve ever walked past a flower shop window, then you’ve seen a carnation. Included in just about every bouquet, boutonniere, and corsage, carnations are beloved for their attractive ruffles of petals. The original flowers bloom in a pretty shade of pinkish purple, but its cultivars bloom in just about every color and combination of colors under the sun.

Common Name:Carnation
Botanical Name:Dianthus caryophyllus
Genus:             Dianthus
Colors:  Solid and variegated varieties of a rainbow of hues
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Where to Plant: Flower beds, borders, and cutting gardens
Soil:Well-draining, neutral to slightly alkaline soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Moderate watering
Feeding:Monthly, in spring and summer apply a well-balanced (10-10-10) fertilizer

22) Catmint (Nepeta)

Catmint (Nepeta)


Nepeta is a genus containing about 250 species of mostly perennial flowering plants. They produce tall, skinny spires of purple blossoms that range in height from 9 inches to 3 feet. Their aromatic, slightly minty blossoms bloom from late spring to early fall. If you plant a garden full of one particular species, Nepeta cataria, it might appear as though you’re cultivating cats because this true variety of catnip attracts our feline friends with its fragrantly euphoric effects.

For more, see our essential guide to growing and caring for Nepeta (Catnip) at home.

Common Name:Catmint or Catnip
Botanical Name:Nepeta
Genus:             Nepeta
Colors:  Shades of lavender, violet, blue, pink, and white
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Where to Plant: Garden beds, containers, and borders
Soil:Well-draining, slightly acidic, clay soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Frequent watering in first year, drought-tolerant thereafter
Feeding:In fall, add organic compost to the plant base

23) Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya)

Cattleya Orchid (Cattleya)


Cattleya is a genus of flowering, sometimes fragrant tropical plants that grow naturally in a region that stretches from Costa Rica to Argentina. The genus contains several unique species of orchids that feature intricate blossoms in a rainbow of warm hues. They’re delightful to grow indoors and can also be cultivated outside in warm, humid climates or in cooler climates during the spring and summer.

Common Name:Cattleya Orchids
Botanical Name:Cattleya
Genus:             Cattleya
Colors:  A variety of purples and pinks, plus blue, red, orange, yellow, and white
Growing Zones:10 to 12
Where to Plant: Indoor containers or tropical gardens
Soil:Well-draining orchid mix
Sunlight:Bright, filtered sunlight
Watering:Water only when soil is completely dry. Frequency depends on season and environment.
Feeding:Can survive without fertilizing. During spring and Summer, you may provide a nitrogen-based, urea-free fertilizer.

24) China Aster (Callistephus chinensis)

China Aster (Callistephus chinensis)


These cheerful, annual blossoms are a favorite in spring and summer gardens. China aster cultivars vary in height (from 8 inches to 3 feet) and feature a wide array of flower heads which range in shape and fullness from a single row of daisy-like petals to full, shaggy, pom-pom blooms. The impressive flower heads span in size from 3 to 5 inches in diameter. They’re tolerant of a variety of conditions, making them a perfect choice for gardens located just about anywhere.

Common Name:China Aster
Botanical Name:Callistephus chinensis
Genus:             Callistephus
Colors:  A range of purples, pinks, reds, whites, and yellows
Growing Zones:2 to 11
Where to Plant: Flower beds, flower gardens, and containers
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Water regularly during the growing for consistently moist soil
Feeding:During growing season, feed every two weeks with a well-balanced fertilizer.

25) Clematis (Clematis)

Clematis (Clematis)


The Clematis genus contains about 300 species of perennial and biennial woody, climbing vines. Clematis vines sprout stunning, star-like blossoms in solid and variegated patterns that range in color from the blackest purple to delicate lavenders and violets, warm pinks, rosy reds, and white. A garden favorite, clematis is a versatile plant that can be trained to grow along the ground, offering cover, or to climb up walls, trellises, fences, shrubs, and trees.

Common Name:Clematis
Botanical Name:Clematis
Genus:             Clematis
Colors:  A range of purples, blues, reds, pinks, and whites
Growing Zones:4 to 9
Where to Plant: Garden beds, containers, under shrubs, and anywhere they can climb
Soil:Cool, well-draining, neutral to slightly alkaline soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Provide 1 inch of water weekly in well-draining soil
Feeding:Spring and summer alternate between a balanced fertilizer and a low-nitrogen fertilizer every 4 weeks.

26) Columbine (Aquilegia)

Purple Columbine (Aquilegia)


Aquilegia is a genus containing about 70 perennial plants that bloom from late spring through early summer with five intricately shaped petals, sepals, and stamens. The scientific name, Aquilegia comes from the Latin word for eagle, as the petals are said to resemble the shape of an eagle’s talons. The common name, columbine comes from the Latin word for dove because the blossoms resemble a group of five doves gathered in a circle.

Common Name:Columbine
Botanical Name:Aquilegia
Genus:             Aquilegia
Colors:  Both saturated and pastel shades of purple, red, yellow, and orange with white
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Where to Plant: Flower beds, borders, and containers
Soil:Well-draining, mildly acidic soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Water regularly for abundant blooms
Feeding:Late spring to early summer with a water-soluble, balanced fertilizer

27) Common Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)

Common Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)


Native to North America, Europe, and Western Asia, the common comfrey grows wildly in moist grasslands. Comfreys have broad, hairy leaves and they sprout small, bell-shaped flowers. The plants have deep-burrowing roots that take up copious nutrients from deep within the soil. As a result, spent plants can be mulched to create a natural fertilizer for the rest of your garden.

Common Name:Common Comfrey
Botanical Name:Symphytum officinale
Genus:             Symphytum
Colors:  Purple, white, and pink
Growing Zones:4 to 9
Where to Plant: Wildflower gardens and areas of natural growth
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to part shade
Watering:Prefers moderate moisture
Feeding:Fertilization not needed.

28) Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)


Echinacea purpurea, commonly called coneflower is most popular for its use in herbal medicine. Taken in a pill or brewed into tea, it’s thought to help strengthen the immune system against viral infections. These flowers grow wild across much of the United States and parts of Canada. Sprouting up in meadows and grasslands, these daisy-like coneflowers resemble a badminton shuttlecock with vibrant purple flowers that slope downward from a bulbous, orange-brown center. They’ll draw birds and butterflies to your garden.

Common Name:Coneflower and Purple Coneflower
Botanical Name:Echinacea purpurea
Genus:             Echinacea
Colors:  Pinkish-purple
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Where to Plant: Herb gardens, containers, wildflower gardens, or naturalize
Soil:Well-draining, rocky soil or clay
Sunlight:Full to partial sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, infrequent watering
Feeding:Early spring feeding with granular, slow-release 12-6-6 fertilizer

29) Cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus)

Cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus)


Members of the daisy family, Cosmos bipinnatus is a popular flowering plant. Flower heads blossom from 2 to 4 inches-wide. With their bright-yellow centers encircled by equally vibrant petals, they’re prized for their ornamental use in gardens and containers. Although they’re considered annuals, the garden cosmos will self-sow and reappear to be enjoyed year after year.

Common Name:Cosmos, Garden Cosmos, or Mexican Aster
Botanical Name:Cosmos bipinnatus
Genus:             Cosmos
Colors:  Lavender, purple, rose, pink, crimson, orange, yellow, and white
Growing Zones:2 to 11
Where to Plant: Wildflower gardens, containers, and flower beds sheltered from strong winds
Soil:Average, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant but prefers even, moderate moisture
Feeding:Poor-soil tolerant. Only fertilize struggling plants. Over-fertilizing will prevent blooms.

30) Crocus (Crocus vernus)

Crocus (Crocus vernus)


The crocus is one of the first flowers of spring. They usually bloom in late March or early April, and sometimes you’ll see them popping out from beneath the last snowflakes of winter. Although that might seem strange, these frost-tolerant blooms are native to the alpine regions of Europe like the Alps, Pyrenees, and Carpathian Mountains. Low-growing crocus blooms open up during the day and close at night. They often remain closed on rainy days, too.

For more, see our essential guide to Crocus flower meaning, symbolism, and uses.

Common Name:Crocus, Spring Crocus, or Giant Crocus
Botanical Name:Crocus vernus
Genus:             Crocus
Colors:  Purple, blue, pink, and white
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Where to Plant: Flower beds and natural gardens
Soil:Well-draining, gritty soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Moderate watering reduced in late spring after blooming
Feeding:Crocuses store nutrients in their bulbs and do not require fertilizer

31) Cup-and-Saucer Vine (Cobaea scandens)

Cup and saucer vine (Cobaea scandens)


The Cobaea scandens is perennial, climbing vine that will cling to just about any surface. It’s native to Mexico and sometimes found growing naturally in other parts of Central America. The vine produces forward-facing blossoms. These large, bell-shaped flowers have a prominent ruff around the base, which gives these blossoms their class cup-and-saucer shape. At maturity, the blossoms emit a lovely fragrance.

Common Name:Cup-and-Saucer Vine, Cathedral Bells, Monastery Bells, or Mexican Ivy
Botanical Name:Cobaea scandens
Genus:             Cobaea
Colors:  Purple, lavender, burgundy, and white
Growing Zones:9 to 11
Where to Plant: Containers and garden beds with trellises
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Moderate moisture required
Feeding:Avoid fertilizer. Add a light layer of organic compost in summer.

32) Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum)

Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum)


Native to the Mediterranean Middle East, Cyclamen is a genus of perennial flowering plants that tend to grow out of rocky hillsides, woodlands, and shrublands. These lovely flowers grow in clumps of heart-shaped leaves marbled with stripes of light and dark green. Stems with shooting star-shaped flowers sprout from the plant’s center and feature five sepals topped with five upswept petals. Blooms begin in autumn and continue through winter. When dormant, cyclamens appear almost dead, but they are simply dormant.

Common Name:Cyclamen or Persian Cyclamen
Botanical Name:Cyclamen persicum
Genus:             Cyclamen
Colors:  Deep purplish magenta to light pink or white
Growing Zones:9 to 11
Where to Plant: Containers are recommended, except in zones 9 to 11
Soil:Rich, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Partial shade
Watering:Moderate watering during growing season. Infrequent watering when dormant.
Feeding:Autumn through winter, feed every two weeks with a low-nitrogen fertilizer.

33) Dendrobium Orchid (Dendrobium)

Dendrobium Orchid Dendrobium


The genus Dendrobium contains more than 1,800 diverse species of orchids that grow across much of Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. Plants in this genus of orchids rarely grow with their roots in soil. Instead, they spread out, clinging to tree bark and rocks. The plants have a tuft of up to six, waxy, deep-green leaves from which a single branch of blossoms blooms. This orchid symbolizes pure affection and love, making it the perfect gift for one’s true love.

Common Name:Dendrobium Orchid
Botanical Name:Dendrobium
Genus:             Dendrobium
Colors:  Purple, pink, green, white, and yellow with contrasting tones in the flower’s labellum
Growing Zones:9 to 12
Where to Plant: Containers or tropical rock gardens
Soil:well-draining, coarse, acidic soil
Sunlight:Partial sun or filtered sunlight
Watering:Water when soil medium is slightly dry
Feeding:During growing season, feed a balanced orchid fertilizer every couple of weeks

34) Dianthus (Dianthus Spp)

Dianthus (Dianthus Spp)


The Dianthus genus contains about 300 flowering plants including annuals, biennials, and perennials. Although some flower heads feature single petal rows and others have double rows (like miniature carnations), they all have the same ragged-looking petals with jagged, toothed edges. Dianthus plants have blue-green foliage that can clump, trail, or tower. Depending on the variety, dianthus plants vary from 5 inches to 3 feet in height.

Common Name:Dianthus
Botanical Name:Dianthus
Genus:             Dianthus Spp
Colors:  Purple, pink, red, yellow, and white
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Where to Plant: Containers, raised beds, borders, rock gardens, cottage gardens, butterfly gardens, and heirloom gardens
Soil:Neutral to slightly alkaline, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Water weekly. Do not water-log the soil.
Feeding:Light feeding requirements, compost soil annually

35) Dwarf Iris (Iris reticulata)


Compared to other plants from the Iris genus, which can reach up to 3 feet in height, the Iris reticulata is relatively small, growing to only about 6 inches. Sword-like, ribbed leaves surround sweetly fragrant spring blossoms which feature floppy petals in a variety of colors contrasted with a spotted, orange, flame-like mark.

Common Name:Dwarf Iris, Netted Iris, or Netted Golden Iris
Botanical Name:Iris reticulata
Genus:             Iris
Colors:  Purple, blue, yellow, and white
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Where to Plant: Flower beds and borders
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Moderate watering in spring and dry in summer
Feeding:After blossoms are spent apply a high-phosphorous fertilizer

36) European Periwinkles (Vinca)

European Periwinkles (Vinca)


The Vinca genus contains several trailing, flowering plants. Some are evergreens and others are deciduous. They have simple, green leaves and produce delicate, five-petaled blooms throughout the growing season. European periwinkles produce trailing branches that take root where they touch the ground. As a result, they spread aggressively and should only be planted unfettered, in the ground where ground cover is desired.

Common Name:European Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, or Creeping Myrtle
Botanical Name:Vinca
Genus:             Vinca
Colors:  Violet to pale-blue
Growing Zones:4 to 9
Where to Plant: Containers, hanging baskets, cottage gardens, ground cover, and natural gardens
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Moderate to light watering
Feeding:Spring only apply a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer to the soil

37) False Goat’s Beard (Astilbe)

False goat's beard (Astilbe)


The genus Astilbe contains 18 species of flowering, shrub-like plants. With sprawling fern-like foliage, false goat’s beard plants grow upright, reaching about 4 to 6 feet tall and spreading about 2 to 4 feet wide. Throughout summer, they produce feathery, cone-shaped plumes of flowers. They prefer wetter soil than most blooming plants, making them perfect for pond-side planting and adorning backyard water features.

Common Name:False Goat’s Beard or False Spirea
Botanical Name:Astilbe
Genus:             Astilbe
Colors:  Purple to vibrant pinks, crimsons, and creamy whites
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Where to Plant: Flower beds, water gardens, borders, screens, hedges, and fences
Soil:Neutral, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full to partial sun
Watering:Above-average watering for moist or wet soil
Feeding:Mix compost into soil annually

38) False Indigo (Baptisia australis)

False Indigo (Baptisia australis)


Native to much of North America, Baptisia australis grows naturally in open meadows, along streams, and at the forest’s edge. This upright perennial grows to be about 4-feet tall, has lush clover-like foliage, and tall, purple flower cones resemble lupine blooms and blossom in late spring. Once blossoms are spent, they develop black pods filled with seeds, which rattle when shaken. These attractive black pods are prized for the unique beauty they give the plant and floral arrangements.

Common Name:False Indigo, Blue Wild Indigo, or Blue False Indigo
Botanical Name:Baptisia australis
Genus:             Baptisia
Colors:  Purple
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Where to Plant: Flower gardens, hedgerows, and borders
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Dry to moderately moist soil
Feeding:Spring only with a balanced garden fertilizer

39) Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)


You can’t miss a garden growing foxglove. This strikingly beautiful plant blossoms throughout spring with prominently packed cones of ornate, bell-shaped flowers. Before blooming, foxgloves first grow rows of simple, green leaves in a spiral pattern that forms a rosette around the plant’s 3 to 7-foot tall flowering stem. Once blossoms are spent, the blooms go to seed and self-sew to return each year.

Common Name:Foxglove or Lady’s Glove
Botanical Name:Digitalis purpurea
Genus:             Digitalis
Colors:  Purple, lavender, fuchsia, pink, salmon, and white
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Where to Plant: Cottage gardens, wildflower gardens, raised beds, and containers
Soil:Well-draining, acidic soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Moderate watering, do not let soil dry out
Feeding:Fertilize seldomly in early spring with slow-release 5-10-5 fertilizer

40) Fuchsia (Fuchsia magellanica)

Fuchsia (Fuchsia magellanica)


The Hardy Fuchsia is a species of flower plant that belongs to the Onagraceae (evening primrose) family, and it’s native to Southern South America. In frost-free climates, the fuchsia can grow to 10 feet in height and width, and in colder climates, it can still achieve about 4 or 5 feet in height. Apart from its size, the fuchsia is most notable for its intricate and exotic-looking pendant flowers which feature a deep-purple central tube filled with equally vibrant stamen and surrounded by hot-pink sepals.

Common Name:Fuchsia, Hardy Fuchsia, or Hummingbird Fuchsia
Botanical Name:Fuchsia magellanica
Genus:             Fuchsia
Colors:  Deep purple, fuchsia, hot pink or red, and white
Growing Zones:6 to 9
Where to Plant: Garden beds, raised beds, and borders
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Medium moisture
Feeding:Monthly during spring and summer only with a well-balanced fertilizer

41) Geranium (Geranium)

Geranium (Geranium)


The genus Geranium contains over 400 species of flowering evergreen perennials, biennials, and annuals. Geranium foliage features palm-like, cleft leaves. The plants bloom throughout summer with delicate, five-petaled flowers. The Geranium genus is often confused with plants from the Pelargonium genus which belongs to the same plant family (Geraniaceae) and are widely available in garden centers each spring. A quick way to distinguish between the two is by noting petal shapes. Geranium petals all are identical and have radial symmetry. Pelargonium blooms’ two upper petals differ from the bottom three, creating a single, vertical line of symmetry.

Common Name:Geranium or Cranesbills
Botanical Name:Geranium
Genus:             Geranium
Colors:  Purples, pinks, and reds
Growing Zones:10 to 11
Where to Plant: Garden beds, borders, and containers
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Moderately moist soil
Feeding:Summer only with a 5-10-5 fertilizer

42) Gladiolus (Gladiolus hortulanus)

Gladiolus (Gladiolus hortulanus)


Part of the Iris (Iridaceae) family, the Gladiolus genus is a group of perennial flowering plants that grow from corms. They have sword-shaped leaves and giant flower spikes that can reach heights of 1.5 to 6 feet. Their tightly packed cones of bell-shaped blossoms arrive in late summer and continue into early autumn. Most gladioli grown in gardens today are hybrids known as Gladiolus x hortulanus.

Common Name:Gladiolus, Glads, or Sword Lily
Botanical Name:Gladiolus hortulanus
Genus:             Gladiolus
Colors:  Lavender, purple, green, white, cream, yellow, orange, red, pink,
Growing Zones:7 to 10
Where to Plant: Plant robust groups in flowerbeds
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Moderate moisture
Feeding:Spring only with a slow-release, general purpose fertilizer

43) Globe Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)

Globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus)


Cynara cardunculus, commonly called the globe artichoke or cardoon, is an edible plant that can be harvested for its celery-like stalks and its artichoke-like top (if harvested before blooming). Additionally, the cardoon is simply a joy to plant and watch as it grows into a towering 6-foot tall plant. The globe artichoke has attractive, silvery foliage, and its artichoke-like plant bulb blossoms with a halo of spikey, purple flowers. It’s native to the Mediterranean region and is considered an invasive species in parts of California where it now grows wildly.

Common Name:Cardoon, Globe Artichoke, or Artichoke Thistle
Botanical Name:Cynara cardunculus
Genus:             Cynara
Colors:  Violet-blue
Growing Zones:7 to 9
Where to Plant: Flowerbeds, raised beds, vegetable gardens, and containers
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Moderate watering to maintain moist soil
Feeding:Once in early spring with a light application of well-balanced, granular fertilizer

44) Globe Thistles (Echinops)

Globe thistles (Echinops)


The Echinops genus contains about 120 blooming plants from the Asteraceae (daisy) family. Although they’re related to daisies, globe thistles are anything but ordinary, as they’re cultivated for their spiny, globe-shaped blossoms. They grow beautifully in garden edges. Plus, they add a wonderfully surprising textural element to cut floral arrangements. Blooming through summer to early fall, their golf ball-sized blossoms can reach impressive heights of up to 6 feet.

Common Name:Globe Thistle
Botanical Name:Echinops
Genus:             Echinops
Colors:  Bluish-purple
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Where to Plant: Cut flower gardens, borders, containers, and raised gardens
Soil:Well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought-tolerant, infrequent watering
Feeding:No fertilizing necessary, tolerates poor-nutrient soil

45) Gloxinia (Sinningia speciosa)

Gloxinia Sinningia speciosa


The Sinningia speciosa shares many similarities with the popular houseplants, African Violets. They have similarly velvety blooms in vibrant colors and soft, deep-green foliage of a similar texture. However, they’re native to Brazil ­– not Africa – and bloom in the spring followed by a dormant period. These flowering plants of the Sinningia genus are sometimes referred to as gloxinia. However, this name is technically incorrect because Sinningia speciosa used to be belong to the Gloxinia genus until they were reclassified. They have yet to receive a new common moniker.

Common Name:Gloxinia or Brazilian gloxinia
Botanical Name:Sinningia speciosa
Genus:             Sinningia
Colors:  Deep purple and burgundy to bright red and pink with white-rimmed petals
Growing Zones:11 to 12
Where to Plant: Containers that can be transported outdoors in warm weather
Soil:Well-draining potting soil
Sunlight:Bright, filtered sunlight
Watering:Consistent moisture (self-watering containers recommended)
Feeding:Only when blooming, feed every two weeks with a high-phosphorous liquid fertilizer.

46) Heliotrope (Heliotropium peruvianum)

Heliotrope (Heliotropium peruvianum)


The heliotrope is a perennial shrub native to Peru. However, it grows in gardens all around the world today. They grow to about 2 feet in height, making them a well-controlled choice for flowerbeds. These shrubs have soft, green foliage and blossom from summer to fall with rounded clusters of multitudinous, petite flowers. Although most animals avoid them, you should bear in mind that heliotrope is highly toxic to cats, dogs, and humans.

Common Name:Heliotrope
Botanical Name:Heliotropium peruvianum
Genus:             Heliotropium
Colors:  Purple, violet, mauve, blue, and white
Growing Zones:10 to 12
Where to Plant: Borders, edging, beds, and containers
Soil:Well-draining soil with sand or loam
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Moderate watering for moist, not soaked, soil
Feeding:Fertilizer unneeded in ground. In containers, feed a balanced fertilizer every two weeks when blooming.

47) Hellebores (Helleborus)

Hellebores (Helleborus)


The Helleborus genus consists of about 20 species of perennial, flowering plants – most of which are poisonous. These evergreens keep their attractive green foliage year-round and produce striking, long-lasting blooms that open during winter or early spring and remain for 6 to 8 weeks. Hellbores have an enchanting, almost eerie quality of beauty with rows of pointed petals in a haunting palette of shades.

Common Name:Hellebores, Hellbore, Winter Purple Rose, or Lenten Rose
Botanical Name:Helleborus
Genus:             Helleborus
Colors:  Greenish-purple, green, mauve, black, cream, white, burgundy, red, and pink
Growing Zones:5 to 8
Where to Plant: Borders, under trees, and beneath shrubs
Soil:Well-draining, average soil
Sunlight:Partial shade
Watering:Drought tolerant but prefer moderate moisture
Feeding:Offer a granular fertilizer in early spring or a liquid fertilizer in late fall

48) Hibiscus (Hibiscus)

Hibiscus (Hibiscus)


Hibiscus is a genus containing hundreds of species of flowering woody shrubs, purple perennial plants, and trees. Native to warm, temperate regions and tropical/sub-tropical climates, hibiscus plants grow best in similar conditions where they’ll bloom throughout the year. They’re most revered for their spectacular blossoms that feature trumpet-shaped blooms, delicate petals, and showy stamens in exotic colors and silhouettes.

Common Name:Hibiscus
Botanical Name:Hibiscus
Genus:             Hibiscus
Colors:  Purple, pink, red, orange, yellow, and white
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Where to Plant: Flower beds, landscaping shrubs, balconies, hanging baskets, and ground cover. (Outdoors in appropriate regions. Containers to be moved indoors in cooler climates.)
Soil:Slightly acidic to neutral, well-draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:High-moisture, prefers thorough watering
Feeding:Early spring with a well-balanced fertilizer.

49) Hollyhock (Alcea rosea)

Hollyhock (Alcea rosea)


Alcea rosea, commonly called hollyhocks, is one species of about 60 in the Alcea genus of flowering plants. People often confuse hollyhocks with perennial plants, but they’re actually annuals and expert self-sewers that, with proper care, will seed on their own and grow back each year. Gardeners in agreeable zones around the world love hollyhocks for their ornamental appeal. They can grow up to 8 feet in height, and vibrant, trumpet-shaped blossoms crowd their towering stalks from June to August. Cultivars also include an array of other colors including the dark and mysterious Alcea rosea nigra

Common Name:Hollyhock
Botanical Name:Alcea rosea
Genus:             Alcea
Colors:  Shades of purple, blue, pink, red, orange, yellow, white, and black
Growing Zones:2 to 10
Where to Plant: Cottage gardens, fences, walls, and background borders
Soil:Well-draining (does not tolerate wet soil during winter)
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Moderate moisture
Feeding:Before planting with slow-release, high-phosphorous, granular fertilizer

50) Honesty (Lunaria annua)

Honesty (Lunaria annua)


The Lunaria annua, commonly called honesty, actually has several common names. While this tall plant offers attractive clusters of small flowers from mid-spring to late summer, it’s loved and recognized for its alluring, translucent seed pods. These seed pods resemble silver dollars, come in see-through shades of white and green, and are commonly included in arrangements of dry flowers. Although this biennial plant blooms only once every two years, it self-sews. So, once the plants are established in your garden, you can enjoy them every year.

Common Name:Honesty, Annual Honesty, Moonwort, Money Plant, or Silver Dollar Plant
Botanical Name:Lunaria annua
Genus:             Lunaria
Colors:  Deep purple to white
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Where to Plant: Cottage gardens, flowerbeds, borders, and cut flower gardens
Soil:Well-draining soil of any acidity
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Average water needs for moist (not saturated) soil
Feeding:Feed once in spring with a well-balanced fertilizer

51) Honeywort (Cerinthe major)

Honeywort (Cerinthe major)


Honeywort is a herbaceous plant native to the Mediterranean that sports purple nodding flowers at the end of multiple stems. Bees and hummingbirds love the flowers, which are also surrounded by colorful bracts in some varieties like ‘Purpurascens’. The plants are easy to grow, top out between 2 and 4 feet tall, and bloom throughout the summer.

Common Name:Honeywort
Botanical Name:Cerinthe major
Genus:          Cerinthe
Colors:  Burgundy to lavender or light purple.
Growing Zones:       7 to 10
Where to Plant:        Informal areas like edges or mixed beds that can benefit from its somewhat messy form.
Soil:Rich, well drained soil.
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade.
Watering:Drought tolerant but blooms better with 1” per week.
Feeding:Enrich the soil with compost or manure but don’t fertilize after planting.

52) Hydrangea (Hydrangea)

Hydrangea (Hydrangea)


Hydrangea is a genus of flowering shrubs known for their rounded masses of small petaled flowers. Colors range from white to pink and deep purple depending largely on the variety and the soil’s specific pH balance. Most varieties bloom late spring to summer and grow between 1 and 5 feet tall. Some varieties are very easy to grow, while others are less hardy and are better kept indoors as houseplants.

Common Name:Hydrangea
Botanical Name:Hydrangea
Genus:          Hydrangea
Colors:  White, pink, light blue, purple, or deep violet
Growing Zones:       4 to 9
Where to Plant:        As the centerpieces of beds or along walkways and paths
Soil:High fertility and good drainage
Sunlight:Full sun with afternoon partial shade
Watering:1 inch per week while blooming, divided over 3 applications/week
Feeding:Apply ½ the recommended dose of a slow release flowering shrub fertilizer in the spring as blooming starts

53) Italian Aster (Aster amellus)

Italian Aster (Aster amellus)


Italian Aster is a small flowering member of the daisy family with bright purple petals contrasting a bold orange center. It’s native to high European mountain ranges like the Alps, and it’s surprisingly easy to grow in the home garden. It doesn’t require much special care or water and stays under 18 inches in height.

Common Name:Italian Aster
Botanical Name:Aster amellus
Genus:          Aster
Colors:  Bright purple, mauve, pink, and light blue
Growing Zones:       5 to 8
Where to Plant:        Well drained to xeric beds that need a low growing cover that won’t spread aggressively
Soil:Basic soils that drain rapidly and stay dry between rainfall
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, water 1 inch per 2 weeks if there is no rain
Feeding:Apply ½ strength dose as new growth emerges each spring of any general flowering plant fertilizer

54) Lavender (Lavandula)

Lavender (Lavandula)


One of the best known purple flowers, Lavender is actually a genus of nearly 50 different related flowers. Most are highly fragrant and used for perfume and aromatherapy, especially Lavandula angustifolia. These plants send up tiny purple flowers on tall stalks above low growing foliage, and most thrive in dry and sunny conditions.

Common Name:Lavender
Botanical Name:Lavandula
Genus:          Lavandula
Colors:  Light purple to dark violet and mauve
Growing Zones:       5 to 9
Where to Plant:        Dry and sunny areas where there’s natural protection from wind and cold temperatures
Soil:Unamended, dry to sandy, and alkaline in pH
Sunlight:Full sun, especially in cooler climates
Watering:1 inch per week during establishment, then 1 inch per 3 weeks during budding and blooming
Feeding:Not recommended

55) Liatris (Liatris)

Liatris (Liatris)


The Liatris genus includes a variety of similar grass like plants that sport blazing flower spikes high above their foliage. The unopened buds are a dark royal purple, while the upper blooms are lavender and fuchsia. Also known as Blazing Star, these meadow plants are tough and easy to grow.

Common Name:Liatris
Botanical Name:Liatris
Genus:          Liatris
Colors:  Royal purple to lavender, white, or fuchsia pink
Growing Zones:       3 to 8
Where to Plant:        Meadow areas and beds that need more tall growing flowers
Soil:Any pH, fertility, or texture as long as it drains well
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, 1 inch per week if there’s no rainfall
Feeding:Apply a ½ dose of flower fertilizer in the spring

56) Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)


Lilac is a fragrant flowering shrub native to the Balkans. It flowers in spring and has white, lavender, or mauve blossoms in a compact cone known as a panicle. The shrub eventually becomes more treelike and the wood is even valuable for decorative work.

Common Name:Lilac
Botanical Name:Syringa vulgaris
Genus:          Syringa
Colors:  Lavender to light royal purple or white
Growing Zones:       5 to 8
Where to Plant:        In sunny spots that need a large anchoring shrub or tree
Soil:Fertile, neutral pH soil high in organic material and with good drainage
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Water 2 inches once every 2 weeks during flowering
Feeding:Apply only a light phosphorous fertilizer in spring before flowering

57) Lily of the Incas (Alstroemeria)

Lily of the Incas (Alstroemeria)


The genus Alstroemeria includes many flowering plants between known as Lilies of the Incas. These South American blooms aren’t true lilies, but they have colorful blossoms emerging from tubers much like the plants they’re named after. They can flower nearly year round in warm climates.

Common Name:Lily of the Incas
Botanical Name:Alstroemeria
Genus:          Alstroemeria
Colors:  Pink, purple, yellow, white, green, and striped or speckled
Growing Zones:       8 to 10
Where to Plant:        Warm and sheltered locations where cold breezes can’t reach them
Soil:Chalky or sandy soils are fine as long as they drain rapidly
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:12 inches per week
Feeding:High potash fertilizer applied monthly during blooming

58) Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus orientalis)

Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus orientalis)


Easily grown from bulbs, Lily of the Nile is a purple to blue flowering plant that is ideal for vase cuttings. It can grow up to 4 feet tall with clusters of flowers set atop tall stems. However, it’s limited to only the warmest parts of the country.

Common Name:Lily of the Nile
Botanical Name:Agapanthus orientalis
Genus:          Agapanthus
Colors:  White, orange, pink, purple, yellow, and red
Growing Zones:       9 to 11
Where to Plant:        Partially protected areas without extreme sun or wind
Soil:Organic and rich soil with fast drainage
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade in hotter areas
Watering:Drought tolerant, needs 1 inch of water per week when flowering
Feeding:Any flower fertilizer applied in the spring at full rates

59) Lily turf (Liriope muscari)

Lily turf Liriope muscari


A short and attractive flowering perennial, lily turf is great for filling in beds. It has lime green grass like foliage giving it the turf name, yet it also sports purple or blue flower stalks in the summer. Its evergreen foliage makes it great for yard decoration.

Common Name:Lily turf
Botanical Name:Liriope muscari
Genus:          Liriope
Colors:  Indigo to lavender shades of purple
Growing Zones:       5 to 10
Where to Plant:        Filling in beds and along borders that need a tough ground cover
Soil:Any soil with rapid drainage
Sunlight:Partial shade to full sun for best flowering
Watering:Drought tolerant, water 1 inch per week during the first summer
Feeding:Use a general 101010 fertilizer in the spring

60) Lisianthus (Eustoma Grandiflorum)

Lisianthus (Eustoma Grandiflorum)


Springblooming Lisianthus is a type of dramatically purple gentian that is hardy in warm zones. Native to dry prairies across the US and Mexico, it sports flowers that are up to 2 inches across. They work equally well as cutting and bedding plants.

Common Name:Lisianthus
Botanical Name:Eustoma grandiflorum
Genus:          Eustoma
Colors:  Royal purple to mottled with white
Growing Zones:       8 to 10
Where to Plant:        Along borders and in beds that show off their large blossoms
Soil:Neutral pH with good moisture holding capacity
Sunlight:Full sun to partial afternoon shade
Watering:1 inch per week when blooming
Feeding:Half strength application of basic flowering fertilizer twice per summer

61) Lungwort (Pulmonaria)

Lungwort (Pulmonaria)


Lungwort is a genus of short woodland perennials that are often grown for their striking foliage along with the purple to blue flowers. Speckled or striped foliage is common, which helps give the plant its unusual name. Plants rarely grow above 10 inches tall, making them ideal for beds and borders.

Common Name:Lungwort
Botanical Name:Pulmonaria
Genus:          Pulmonaria
Colors:  Deep purple, fuchsia, pink, and blue
Growing Zones:       4 to 8
Where to Plant:        In open beds with enough space to show off their smaller flowers
Soil:Fast draining and loose alkaline soils
Sunlight:Partial shade to full shade
Watering:12 inches per week, once per week
Feeding:Apply a general flower fertilizer every 23 weeks during blooming

62) Lupine (Lupinus)

Lupine (Lupinus)


The Lupinus genus includes hundreds of beautiful flowering plants that make tall and distinct spikes of colorful flowers. Lupines are known for their rich purple and blue colors, but they’re also available in many other varieties. Some lupines are also important food sources thanks to the production of edible beanlike seeds.

Common Name:Lupine
Botanical Name:Lupinus
Genus:          Lupinus
Colors:  White, blue, purple, violet, pink, red, and coral
Growing Zones:       4 to 8
Where to Plant:        Well-ventilated meadow and border areas where they can stay cool during hot summers
Soil:Acidic soil with good drainage with no sand or rock
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:1 inch per week during drought
Feeding:Use a phosphorous dominant fertilizer twice in the spring before flowering, a few weeks between applications

63) Melastoma (Melastoma)

Melastoma (Melastoma)


Melastoma is a genus of mostly tropical plants that sport distinctive five-petaled flowers in rich shades of pink, fuchsia, and purple. Most species within this genus require warm and humid conditions, but they’re worth the effort to grow for their large blossoms. The group includes both shrubs and short twining vines.

Common Name:Melastoma
Botanical Name:Melastoma
Genus:          Melastoma
Colors:  Purple to bright pink or mauve
Growing Zones:       11
Where to Plant:        In containers or other controlled areas where the plant can’t spread
Soil:Any soil with good drainage
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:23 inches per week
Feeding:Apply a full-strength application of flowering shrub fertilizer once a month during the growing season

64) Mistflower (Conoclinium coelestinum)

Mistflower (Conoclinium coelestinum)


Named after its fringed and delicate flowers, Mistflower is a colorful member of the Aster family. It loves wet areas and will spread rapidly in the right conditions. Use it as a part of a naturalized water garden and to attract beneficial insects.

Common Name:Mistflower
Botanical Name:Conoclinium coelestinum
Genus:          Conoclinium
Colors:  Pale powder blue to rich purple or mauve
Growing Zones:       5 to 9
Where to Plant:        Around streams, ponds, and other water features
Soil:Wet, loam rich soil that is neutral in pH
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:34 inches per week if kept in a container or border area
Feeding:Unnecessary, may prevent blooming

65) Monkshood (Aconitum napellus)

Monkshood (Aconitum napellus)


Monkshood is a striking blue to purple flowering plant with a spike that can reach up to 4 feet tall. It’s also highly poisonous and must be handled with gloves for safety, even in the garden. Consider if the risks of its toxic nature are worth the beauty of its blooms before planting.

Common Name:Aconitum napellus
Botanical Name:Aconitum napellus
Genus:          Aconitum
Colors:  Bright blue to deep royal purple
Growing Zones:       3 to 7
Where to Plant:        Open and dry areas with good ventilation
Soil:Average fertility and good moisture with fair drainage
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:2 to 3 inches per week, in 2 applications
Feeding:Apply a general purpose fertilizer at the end of the blooming season only

66) Moonflower (Ipomoea turbinata)

Moonflower (Ipomoea turbinata)


Popular for its strong fragrance as much as its large night opening blooms, the Moonflower is a type of tropical morning glory. As long as these vigorous vines get warmth and room to climb, they’ll reward you with unique blossoms. Grow them as annuals in cooler climates or perennials in their hardy zones.

Common Name:Moonflower
Botanical Name:Ipomoea turbinata
Genus:          Ipomoea
Colors:  White or bright purple
Growing Zones:       10 to 11 for perennial, can be grown elsewhere with heating
Where to Plant:        In containers for cooler climates or along walls and edges in hot climates
Soil:Almost any well drained soil with a neutral pH
Sunlight:Full to partial sun
Watering:1 inch per week during dry periods
Feeding:Apply a high phosphorous fertilizer once a month during the growing season

67) Morning Glory (Ipomoea purpurea)

Morning Glory (Ipomoea purpurea)


The common morning glory is still popular because of its brightly colored trumpetshaped flowers that attract hummingbirds and butterflies. This wide growing vine can adapt to many conditions and doesn’t require much care after establishment. It can be invasive, so consider growing it in a container rather than the garden.

Common Name:Morning glory
Botanical Name:Ipomoea purpurea
Genus:          Ipomoea
Colors:  Deep purple to hot pink, red, and white
Growing Zones:       3 to 10
Where to Plant:        In containers or along walls, arbors, and fences that the vines can climb
Soil:Any soil or container mix with rapid drainage
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 inch per week
Feeding:Apply a balanced fertilizer when they start growing but avoid further feeding

68) Mountain cornflower (Centaurea montana)

Mountain cornflower (Centaurea montana)


Growing only 1 to 2 feet tall, the Mountain cornflower is native to European mountain ranges but does well in beds around the world. Its intensely colored fringe flowers make a strong statement against the lance shaped foliage. Mounding shapes make it ideal for holding its own in a mixed bed or container.

Common Name:Mountain cornflower
Botanical Name:Centaurea montana
Genus:          Centaurea
Colors:  Navy blue to vivid purple
Growing Zones:       3 to 9
Where to Plant:        Mixed beds and containers with taller plants to complement them
Soil:Any average soil with good drainage
Sunlight:Full sun for best blooms
Watering:Drought tolerant, give 1 inch of water every other week if needed
Feeding:Apply a balanced flower fertilizer once a month

69) Mystic Merlin (Malva Sylvestris)

Mystic Merlin (Malva Sylvestris)


One of the shorter Mallow family members, the Mystic Merlin is only 3 to 4 feet tall and sports boldly colored blooms against dark foliage. Most varieties have dark stripes on the flower petals. It requires heavy pruning in the late summer to continue looking its best as older leaves grow ragged.

Common Name:Mystic Merlin
Botanical Name:Malva Sylvestris
Genus:          Malva
Colors:  Fuchsia, bright pink, and purple
Growing Zones:       4 to 8
Where to Plant:        Along edges and borders that need a medium height centerpiece
Soil:Any pH balance or texture as long as the drainage is rapid
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:2 inches per week during dry periods
Feeding:Use only phosphorous rich fertilizers in the spring to encourage flowering

70) Pansy (Viola wittrockiana)

Pansy (Viola wittrockiana)


One of the most popular annual bedding plants in the US, the pansy features a charming round flower with multiple colors on each blossom. The short height and spreading foliage make it ideal for filling in any bed, container, or border. These plants prefer cooler temperatures, so plant them in the spring or fall and replace them in the summer.

Common Name:Pansy
Botanical Name:Viola wittrockiana
Genus:          Viola
Colors:  Royal purple with yellow, solid white, and many shades of mauve and pink
Growing Zones:       4 to 11
Where to Plant:        Any bed or container that needs additional low growing fill
Soil:High fertility, good moisture, and good drainage
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:1 of water weekly
Feeding:Use a 15-2-20 fertilizer three times in the early spring or fall before blooming

71) Pasque (Pulsatilla)

Pasque (Pulsatilla)


The Pulsatilla genus includes 40 species of purple flowering herbs used for medicinal purposes despite its toxicity. The plants are very short, some only measuring a few inches tall while blooming. The small delicate flowers are best showcased in a container or raised bed where you can see them.

Common Name:Pasque
Botanical Name:Pulsatilla
Genus:          Pulsatilla
Colors:  Lavender and white
Growing Zones:       4 to 8
Where to Plant:        Containers, raised beds, and protected areas where they’re visible
Soil:Gritty, rich soil with rapid drainage
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, water once a month if needed
Feeding:Mix compost into the soil before planting and fertilize monthly with a balanced mix

72) Passion Flowers (Passiflora)

Passion Flowers (Passiflora)


The Passiflora genus is full of beautiful flowers, but most of the species within it are also prized for their fruit. Almost all of the varieties are vines that eagerly grow up any surface and produce large, unique looking multipart flowers.

Common Name:Passion flowers
Botanical Name:Passiflora
Genus:          Passiflora
Colors:  Striped purple to brilliant white or green
Growing Zones:       5 to 12
Where to Plant:        Plant against an arbor, trellis, or fence it can climb
Soil:Rich, moist humus with plenty of organic material
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade in hot climates
Watering:12 inches per week, once a week
Feeding:Apply a 10520 fertilizer once a month to encourage fruiting or a general fertilizer for flowering

73) Peony (Paeonia)

Peony (Paeonia)


The Peony genus includes many related flowering bushes that resemble roses without thorns. The large and many petaled flowers are also highly fragrant in many varieties, with scents ranging from spicy to sweet. Large tree peonies can grow up to 7 feet tall and 5 feet wide.

Common Name:Peony
Botanical Name:Paeonia
Genus:          Paeonia
Colors:  Pastel shades of pink, yellow, and purple
Growing Zones:       2 to 8
Where to Plant:        Mixed into a bed or as the showcase of a large container
Soil:Well drained acidic soil
Sunlight:Full sun with partial shade recommended for zones 8 and 9
Watering:1 inch of water per week
Feeding:Apply 10-20-20 once in the spring

74) Petunia (Petunia)

Petunia (Petunia)


Sharing the same family as tomatoes and tobacco, the Petunia genus is full of flowering plants that are widely used for bedding and container annuals. Most petunias have been bred for dwarf growth and barely top 8 to 12 inches in height. They’re great for filling in beds and creating hanging baskets that bloom all summer long.

Common Name:Petunia
Botanical Name:Petunia
Genus:          Petunia
Colors:  Almost every color, including white, red, blue, purple, and orange
Growing Zones:       8 to 11 as perennials, everywhere as annuals
Where to Plant:        In hanging baskets, containers, beds, and planters with restricted root space
Soil:Any fertile and well draining mix
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:12 inches every other week if there’s a drought
Feeding:Use a balanced fertilizer early in the spring and avoid further feeding

75) Primroses (Onagraceae)

Primroses (Onagraceae)


The Primrose family includes dozens of flowering herbs that are popular on their own, including evening primrose and fuchsia. Many primrose species have colorful sepals to match the flower petals, making their blooms look larger. The plants are native or naturalized to almost every continent.

Common Name:Primroses
Botanical Name:Onagraceae
Genus:          Onagraceae
Colors:  Yellow, orange, red, purple, and blue
Growing Zones:       5 to 9
Where to Plant:        Frame the back of mixed beds
Soil:Rich acidic soil that is well drained
Sunlight:Full sun to light shade
Watering:1 inch per week
Feeding:Once in the early spring with balanced fertilizer

76) Purple Flash (Capsicum annuum)

Purple Flash (Capsicum annuum)


An ornamental pepper bred specifically for its stunning dark purple leaves, the Purple Flash pepper also has charming purple flowers. It’s great for container or planter growing because it’s dwarfed compared to other pepper varieties. Like most ornamental chilis, the red fruits are edible but extremely hot.

Common Name:Purple Flash
Botanical Name:Capsicum annuum
Genus:          Capsicum
Colors:  Purple
Growing Zones:       9 to 11
Where to Plant:        In a container, hanging basket, or mixed bed
Soil:Loose rich, well draining soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 inch a week
Feeding:Don’t fertilize after planting

77) Pygmy Iris (Iris Pumila)

Pygmy Iris (Iris Pumila)


The pygmy iris is the original dwarf iris bred to create all the modern shortstemmed varieties. The rounded blooms in bright purple, blue, or cream sit atop stems just a few inches tall. They’re hardy and easy to grow, but they deserve a spot where they can be admired on their own.

Common Name:Pygmy Iris
Botanical Name:Iris Pumila
Genus:          Iris
Colors:  Yellow, purple, cream, and white
Growing Zones:       4 to 9
Where to Plant:        Along a path or border where their small height can be appreciated
Soil:Rich loam with good drainage
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 in a week
Feeding:Apply balanced fertilizer in the fall

78) Rhododendron (Rhododendron)

Rhododendron (Rhododendron)


Over 1,000 species of flowering trees and shrubs make up the Rhododendron genus. Many of them are evergreen and most feature large and colorful clusters of flowers. They tend to grow in mountainous regions around the world and include popular landscaping varieties like azaleas. Blooming can range from late spring to early fall.

Common Name:Rhododendron
Botanical Name:Rhododendron
Genus:          Rhododendron
Colors:  Pink, orange, coral, purple, and white
Growing Zones:       4 to 8
Where to Plant:        In open areas or large beds that can support the spread of a large shrub or tree
Soil:Highly acidic soil with good moisture holding capacity and a lot of organic material
Sunlight:Partial to full shade, depending on variety
Watering:Water 2 inches per week, 2 times a week for the first year and water any time there is no rain for 23 weeks
Feeding:Use a holly or azalea fertilizer blend and apply it twice in early spring, two weeks apart

79) Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)

Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)


Growing native throughout the steppes of Asia, Russian sage is a flowering herb that blends into cottage and formal gardens with ease. Like other sages, it has spikes of blue to purple flowers and a pleasant smell from the crushed foliage. It’s used for dyemaking and herbal remedies in Russia as well.

Common Name:Russian sage
Botanical Name:Perovskia atriplicifolia / Salvia yangii
Genus:          Perovskia / Salvia
Colors:  Light blue to dark purple
Growing Zones:       3 to 9
Where to Plant:        Along borders or in containers near entryways where its scent can be appreciated
Soil:Almost any soil as long as it drains well
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, only water if there’s no rain for a month or more
Feeding:Not needed

80) Salvia (Salvia)

Salvia (Salvia)


Salvia is a genus within the mint family that includes over 1,000 different species. Many feature beautiful purple, blue, or white flowers that attract bees and butterflies. Some sage plants can be used for cooking, while others are considered medicinal.

Common Name:Salvia
Botanical Name:Salvia
Genus:          Salvia
Colors:  Blue, lavender, white, and many shades of purple
Growing Zones:       5 to 10
Where to Plant:        In mixed beds, herb gardens, or along borders where their various scents can be appreciated
Soil:Neutral pH soil that is light and free from rocks
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade for some light colored varieties
Watering:Drought resistant, some varieties need 1 inch per week
Feeding:Avoid fertilizing to keep stems from flopping over

81) Scabiosa (Scabiosa)

Scabiosa (Scabiosa)


The Scabiosa genus of the honeysuckle family includes many tufted round flowers known as pincushions. The genus takes its name from the fact that many of its members were traditionally used to treat scabies. Most of the varieties send up pink or purple compound flowers on tall stems, making them easy to admire in mixed beds and borders.

Common Name:Scabiosa
Botanical Name:Scabiosa
Genus:          Scabiosa
Colors:  Pink, mauve, lavender and royal purple
Growing Zones:       3 to 7
Where to Plant:        Protected areas where breezes won’t topple the tall flower stems over
Soil:Rich soil with a lot of organic material mixed in and ample drainage
Sunlight:Full sun or afternoon shade
Watering:Give 1 inch of water per week normally and 2 inches per week in hot and dry conditions
Feeding:Unnecessary and can interrupt flowering

82) Sea Holly (Eryngium)

Sea Holly (Eryngium)


Sea holly is an unusual and almost severe looking flowering plant that can handle dry and salty conditions. The spiny leaves and elongated stems are topped with powdery blue or lavender flowers which look spiky themselves. These flowers make a strong statement in any garden area.

Common Name:Sea Holly
Botanical Name:Eryngium
Genus:          Eryngium
Colors:  Pale blue, lavender, bright purple, and yellowgreen
Growing Zones:       2 to 9
Where to Plant:        Tough edges where sea spray or cold breezes make it hard to grow other plants
Soil:Dry, low fertility soils with excessive drainage
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, only water during long periods without rain
Feeding:Don’t supplement since they prefer low fertility

83) Sea Thistle (Cirsium japonicum)

Sea Thistle (Cirsium japonicum)


The fall flowering Sea Thistle is just as spiny as many other thistles, but it has a charming pink to purple flower that is even more feathery than other varieties. It only grows a few feet tall, unlike other larger Cirsium species, and is commonly used for cut flower production of both flowers and dried seed pods.

Common Name:Sea Thistle
Botanical Name:Cirsium japonicum
Genus:          Cirsium
Colors:  Pink to mauve purple flowers
Growing Zones:       5 to 9
Where to Plant:        In open fields or meadows where butterflies and bees can find it
Soil:Any soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Prefers moist soil, so water 12 inches per week if it’s not near a water source like a stream or creek
Feeding:Unnecessary for flowering

84) Spike speedwell (Veronica spicata)

Spike speedwell (Veronica spicata)


Clumping spike speedwell sends up tall spires of purple, pink, or white flowers all summer long. Tuck this plant into beds and borders that need vertical color and visual interest. With shallow root systems and a preference for moist soil, they can be tricky to keep watered evenly.

Common Name:Spike speedwell
Botanical Name:Veronica spicata
Genus:          Veronica
Colors:  White, mauve, dark purple, or lavender
Growing Zones:       4 to 8
Where to Plant:        Borders and mixed flower beds
Soil:Moist soils that are loose and rich in organic material
Sunlight:Full sun to light shade
Watering:1 inch a week, separated into 2 applications during hot weather
Feeding:Apply a 10-10-10 fertilizer once in the spring

85) Summer Lilac (Buddleja davidii)

Summer Lilac (Buddleja davidii)


Summer lilac or butterfly bush is a cheerful flowering shrub that is great for attracting butterflies and bees. It has been used ornamentally since the 1800s and requires annual pruning to look its best year after year. Most varieties have a sweet honeylike scent, which is what helps attract butterflies.

Common Name:Summer lilac
Botanical Name:Buddleja davidii
Genus:          Buddleja
Colors:  Deep purple to light blue flowers
Growing Zones:       5 to 9
Where to Plant:        Open areas and along paths where there is room for the shrubs to sprawl
Soil:Acidic to neutral soils that drain rapidly
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Only water when there is less than 1 inch of water per week
Feeding:Avoid fertilizing since it interferes with flowering

86) Summer Snapdragon (Serenita angelonia)

Summer Snapdragon (serenita angelonia)


Summer snapdragon isn’t really a snapdragon, but rather a sprawling flowering plant that can produce blooms all summer long. Bicolor varieties bring a lot of color to small spaces, while pink, white, and purple blooms are also common. The fragrant flowers are attractive to beneficial insects and make great cut flowers.

Common Name:Summer Snapdragon
Botanical Name:Angelonia angustifolia
Genus:          Angelonia
Colors:  Purple, pink, white, or bicolored blooms
Growing Zones:       9 to 11
Where to Plant:        Along the edges of walls or borders where a plant can spill over one or both sides
Soil:Rich, slightly acidic soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Only water 1 inch per week during droughts
Feeding:Add a balanced time-release fertilizer in the spring only

87) Sweet Pea (Lathyrus odoratus)

Sweet Pea (Lathyrus odoratus)


Few spring blooming flowers are as colorful and charming as the Sweet Pea. Not only do these pea-like flowers usually sport two or more colors, they also have strong sweet fragrances that give them their names. Many varieties bloom through July, especially in cooler climates.

Common Name:Sweet pea
Botanical Name:Lathyrus odoratus
Genus:          Lathyrus
Colors:  Almost every color and color combination
Growing Zones:       2 to 11
Where to Plant:        Along trellises or walls so they have support to climb against
Soil:Alkaline and loose soil that is high in organic material
Sunlight:Full sun to light shade
Watering:2-3 inches per week
Feeding:Add compost and manure before planting and don’t fertilize after sprouting or transplanting

88) Sweet rocket (Hesperis matrionalis)

Sweet rocket (Hesperis matrionalis)


Sweet rocket is often mistaken for phlox, but this pink to purple herb only has four petals on each flower. A tall stalk covered in arrow-shaped leaves is topped by clusters of the smaller flowers. It’s ideal for creating tall borders along the edges of paths and beds, but it can spread easily and become invasive.

Common Name:Sweet rocket
Botanical Name:Hesperis matrionalis
Genus:          Hesperis
Colors:  Bright pink to dusky purple and blues
Growing Zones:       4 to 10
Where to Plant:        Borders that need height or against walls in foundation plantings
Soil:Can handle almost all types of soil, including poor ones, as long as there’s drainage
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:Drought tolerant, rarely needs water
Feeding:Not necessary

89) Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)

Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)


Teasel is a tall flowering plant that is considered a weed in some areas and a desirable source of food for birds in others. It produces rounded and spiky flower heads that can rise 8 feet above the ground and only blooms every other year. The flowers are slightly purple to mauve colored, but they’re generally not attractive enough to be planted for ornamental use.

Common Name:Teasel
Botanical Name:Dipsacus fullonum
Genus:          Dipsacus
Colors:  Purple
Growing Zones:       3 to 9
Where to Plant:        With other tall ornamental grasses
Soil:All soils
Sunlight:Partial shade to full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, watering is rarely needed
Feeding:No fertilization is needed

90) Throatwort (Trachelium caeruleum)

Throatwort (trachelium caeruleum)


Low maintenance throatwort is eye-catching thanks to hundreds of tiny tubular flowers all clustered along the top of the plant. The royal purple to navy blue colors are great for beds that need a burst of color, while the rich nectar supply nurtures bees and butterflies.

Common Name:Throatwort
Botanical Name:Trachelium caeruleum
Genus:          Trachelium
Colors:  White, purple, and blue
Growing Zones:       9 to 13
Where to Plant:        In the center of beds or along the middle of edges
Soil:Moist rich soil
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 inch of water per week
Feeding:Apply a full dose of balanced fertilizer once a month

91) Tulip (Tulipa)

Tulip (Tulipa)


The Tulipa genus includes hundreds of different species and varieties of related perennial bulbs that all share a common cup shaped flower. With colorful splotches and painted edges in every color combination, these spring blooms are a great way to brighten up a landscape. No wonder they’ve caused multiple gardening crazes over the last few centuries.

Common Name:Tulip
Botanical Name:Tulipa
Genus:          Tulipa
Colors:  All colors
Growing Zones:       3 to 8
Where to Plant:        In their own beds so they can be packed tightly together to support each other
Soil:Dry, slightly acidic to neutral
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 inch of water per week
Feeding:Use a 10-10-6 slow release fertilizer in the spring before blooming

92) Verbena (Verbena bonariensis)

Verbena (Verbena bonariensis)


Whether it’s called Verbena or purpletop vervain, this flowering herb is a fast-growing way to add purple to any bed. It can reach 6 feet in height with fertile soil, so make it the tall back layer of a mixed bed or container. It’s a perennial in many areas, but grows fast enough to be a worthwhile annual in other zones.

Common Name:Verbena
Botanical Name:Verbena bonariensis
Genus:          Verbena
Colors:  Pink, white, purple, red, and blue
Growing Zones:       7 to 11
Where to Plant:        To the back of mixed beds or on its own
Soil:Drought tolerant, rarely needs watering unless wilted
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 inch of water a week
Feeding:Apply a balanced fertilizer twice a year

93) Wallflowers (Erysimum ‘Bowles’s Mauve’)

Wallflowers (Erysimum ‘Bowles’s Mauve’)


Of all the wallflower varieties, ‘Bowles’s Mauve’ has some of the brightest and most colorful blossoms. The dense clusters of flowers rise high above the grass-like foliage, allowing these flowers to stand out in any bed or border. It can also cascade over edges and walls if planted where there is space to sprawl sideways.

Common Name:Wallflowers
Botanical Name:Erysimum ‘Bowles’s Mauve’
Genus:          Erysimum
Colors:  Purplish pink
Growing Zones:           6 to 9
Where to Plant:           In the center of beds where the flower clusters can rise above other plants
Soil:Most types
Sunlight:Full to partial sun
Watering:1 inch of water a week
Feeding:Use a balanced fertilizer once in the spring

94) Waxflower (Chamelaucium)

Waxflower (Chamelaucium)


Related to myrtles and tea trees, the waxflower is a tropical evergreen shrub with large distinctive flowers. Five-petaled pink or purple flowers form along the needled boughs, and the waxy feel of them gives the plant its name. The leaves are aromatic when crushed, but the flowers themselves have little to no scent.

Common Name:Waxflower
Botanical Name:Chamelaucium
Genus:          Chamelaucium
Colors:  White, purple, and pink
Growing Zones:       3 to 8
Where to Plant:        A planter or bed to their own to show off the distinctive foliage and flowers
Soil:Clay loam to sandy loam
Sunlight:Full sunlight
Watering:Drought resistant, water 1 inch per week during very dry periods
Feeding:Low nitrogen fertilizer once every other year

95) Wild Hyacinth (Dichelostemma capitatum)

Wild Hyacinth (Dichelostemma capitatum)


Wild hyacinth grows from a buried corm to create a tall stem with only a handful of leaves and a cluster of crocus-like flowers. Mauve petals surround orange stamens for a beautiful contrast of colors. It’s native to California’s coastal deserts and prairies, but it’s grown in many dry areas.

Common Name:Wild Hyacinth
Botanical Name:Dichelostemma capitatum
Genus:          Dichelostemma
Colors:  White and purple flowers
Growing Zones:       4 to 8
Where to Plant:        In rock gardens and other dry areas where little water is available
Soil:Most soil conditions
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:Drought tolerant, rarely needs watering
Feeding:Apply a balanced fertilizer every three months

96) Wild Indigo (Baptisia australis)

Wild Indigo (Baptisia australis)


Wild indigo isn’t actually an indigo, but it has beautiful blue to purple flowers similar to the plant it’s named after. It needs little watering or fertilizer and grows well in poor soils. Some gardeners grow it specifically for the attractive seed pods instead and let it stand all winter.

Common Name:Wild Indigo
Botanical Name:Baptisia australis
Genus:          Baptisia
Colors:  Creamy yellow, purple, white, and blue
Growing Zones:       3 to 10
Where to Plant:        Areas where the soil is too poor to support other types of flowering plants
Soil:Any soil type
Sunlight:Full sun to partial shade
Watering:1 inch every other week
Feeding:Use a slow release or balanced fertilizer in the spring

97) Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis)

Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis)


Wisteria is a unique plant native to China and Japan that can grow as both a vine or a tree. When it can get support from a trellis or other plant, it will vine over it and bloom profusely with sweetly scented clusters of light purple blossoms. Wisteria planted on its own will grow a trunk and take on a tree shape, still blooming profusely after a few years.

Common Name:Wisteria
Botanical Name:Wisteria sinensis
Genus:          Wisteria
Colors:  Mauve, lavender, and blue
Growing Zones:       4 to 9
Where to Plant:        Along a wall or trellis that can support it for faster growth
Soil:Most types of soils
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 inch a week
Feeding:Apply a low nitrogen fertilizer once in the spring

98) Wood phlox (Phlox divaricata)

Wood phlox (Phlox divaricata)


Wood phlox is a native wildflower that spreads by creating large clumps of dense growth. Bright blue to mauve flowers with five petals attract butterflies, but you’ll need to keep the plants well-watered through the heat of the summer. This type of phlox tends to stay shorter than other pink flowering species.

Common Name:Wood phlox
Botanical Name:Phlox divaricata
Genus:          Phlox
Colors:  Light purple, blue, pink, and white
Growing Zones:       3 to 8
Where to Plant:        Mixed beds and woodland plantings
Soil:Any soil
Sunlight:Bright shade
Watering:1 inch per week
Feeding:Give it a ½ dose of flowering fertilizer once in the early summer

99) Yesterday Today Tomorrow (Brunfelsia pauciflora)

Yesterday Today Tomorrow (Brunfelsia pauciflora)


Yesterday Today Tomorrow is a flowering shrub that is covered in flowers similar to pansies or violets, making them attractive additions to any walkway or formal garden. It’s a tropical evergreen plant and is restricted to either indoor cultivation or use only in warmer climates.

Common Name:Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Botanical Name:Brunfelsia pauciflora
Genus:          Brunfelsia
Colors:  Purple and white, usually on the same plant
Growing Zones:       9 to 11
Where to Plant:        An open area with plenty of space for the large shrub to spread
Soil:Slightly acidic soil
Sunlight:Full sun or partial shade
Watering:1 inch a week
Feeding:Apply ½ dose of balanced fertilizer twice a month

100) Zinnia (Zinnia)

Zinnia (Zinnia)


The Zinnia genus encompasses a wide range of colorful annual flowers that are related to daisies and sunflowers. Most are in the red and yellow colors, but purple and pink varieties are also available. Zinnias are some of the easiest annual flowers to grow from seed and will self-seed themselves if you don’t deadhead them.

Common Name:Zinnia
Botanical Name:Zinnia
Genus:          Zinnia
Colors:  Orange, white, purple, yellow, red, and pink
Growing Zones:       3 to 9
Where to Plant:        In their own beds or mixed in with lower and taller growing flowers
Soil:Loose, high in fertility and organic matter
Sunlight:Full sun
Watering:1 inch a week
Feeding:Use balanced flowering fertilizer three or more times per growing season

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Purple Flowers FAQ:

What do purple flowers mean?

Purple is a powerful color component in floral design. Purple blooms have a deep sense of ceremony and are often associated with royalty and regal splendor. Purple flowers have historically been symbolic of dignity, success, admiration, and wisdom and are a popular choice to commemorate numerous occasions and sentiments.  

What kinds of flowers are purple? 

Purple flowers cover a broad and diverse spectrum of annuals and perennials native to many different regions and growing zones. 

Are purple flowers rare? 

In comparison to reds, whites, pinks, blues and other common colors produced by flowering plants the color purple is much rarer in terms of the number of plants that produce purple blooms. The color purple is thought to be a particularly effective guide for prospective pollinators as well. 

What is the meaning and symbolism of the color purple? 

The color purple is often symbolic of power, determination, grandeur, luxury and is closely associated with regality and royalty. Purple is also often associated with wisdom, wealth, mystery, and devotion with softer shades of purple being closely aligned with femininity and delicate beauty.  


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