38 Types of Black Flowers and Plants With Pictures

Whether you want to add a dash of elegance to an outdoor garden or a bit of mystery to a bouquet, black flowers, and plants can help you create the rare air of mystique you’ve been looking for. Keep reading to learn all about what makes a flower or plant black and to find some of the best types of black flowers and plants for the home and garden.

A collection of black flowers in bloom
What We’ll Cover

38 Types of Black Flowers and Plants:

1. Black Forest Calla Lily (Zantedeschia black forest)

Black Forest Calla Lily (Zantedeschia black forest) are beautiful types of black flowers


The Black Forest calla lily has a nearly black, deep-purple blossom that will grace gardens throughout the summer and looks lovely paired with the simple elegance of creamy white calla lilies in gardens and bouquets alike. They are hardy to grow outdoors in zones 8 to 10 and can also be grown in zones 3 to 7 if stored indoors for the winter.

2. Black Hollyhock (Alcea rosea nigra)

Black Hollyhock (Alcea rosea nigra) in bloom


Hollyhocks are a quintessential backdrop for the classic cottage garden. They have a wild look and their tall cones (up to six feet!) of single or double-layered flowers offer a reliable, perennial appeal. Plus, hollyhocks bloom in a wide range of colors, including the black hollyhock (Alcea rosea ‘Nigra’), which blossoms in a dark shade of maroon that appears nearly black.

3. Raven ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia ‘Raven’)

Raven ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia ‘Raven’) plants showcasing black foliage


The typical ZZ plant features pinnate leaves of emerald green, but the raven cultivar has foliage that darkens as it matures into such a deep shade of green that the leaves look almost black. Like other ZZ plants, the raven ZZ is drought-tolerant and requires little water or attention. Unlike other ZZ plants, this one will do best in a shady location that doesn’t receive much sun.

4. Black Widow (Geranium phaeum)

A single Black Widow geranium in bloom


The Geranium phaeum is a species of the Geranium genus (not the “geraniums” that you commonly see in the garden store in summer) that features back-turned, dark-purple, almost black flowers. Thanks to the flower’s unique shape that resembles the bonnet worn by a lady in mourning or a bird’s beak, these flowers are commonly referred to as the black widow, mourning widow, or dusky crane’s bill.

5. Crazytunia Black Mamba Petunia (Petunia ‘Crazytunia Black Mamba’)

Two Crazytunia Black Mamba Petunia  flowers with deep black petals


The Crazytunia Black Mamba Petunia is a petunia hybrid that blooms abundantly from spring through summer in inky shades of the darkest maroon you can imagine. For the best growing results, ensure your black mambas receive at least 6 hours of full sun each day and no more than 4 hours of shade. Plant your petunias in hanging baskets or other planters where they can trail and drape around the pot.

6. Black Mondo Grass (Ophiopogon planiscapus ‘Nigrescens’

Black Mondo Grass growing in the wild

Black mondo grass is not truly grass because it actually belongs to the lily family. This grass grows in clumps from tuberous roots, has no stems, and this particular variety of mondo grass features an unusually dark hue. Typically planted as ground cover or edging in gardens, black mondo grass grows low to the ground. It also grows relatively slowly, so it’ll need to be planted early in spring to ensure it’s well-established before winter.

7. Black Barlow Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris var. Stellata ‘Black Barlow’)

Black Barlow Columbine flowers with nodding heads and black petals


Black Barlow columbines are herbaceous perennial plants that produce pom-pom flowers that have pointy-petaled, star-shaped blossoms in a dark purple-black color. These flowers make the perfect addition to a cottage garden or cutting garden and are winter hardy to zone 3. Just be mindful of the sap when handling these flowers because it can irritate the skin.

8. Zwartkop Aeonium (Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’)

Zwartkop Aeonium plants with reddish black leaf segments


Sometimes commonly called the black rose aeonium, this unique succulent produces large rosettes of reddish-black leaf segments that grow to be about 6 to 8 inches in diameter. As the succulent grows, it eventually develops a tunk-like stem that gives the plant the overall appearance of an otherworldly tree. Like most succulents, this aeonium needs full sun and well-draining soil to thrive.

9. Clear Crystals Black Pansy (Viola x Wittrockiana ‘Clear Crystals Black’)

Clear Crystals Black Pansy accented by bright yellow and violet centers


Pansies are simple yet beautifully stunning flowers in just about any bed or flower pot. These clear crystals black pansies are even more striking with their alluring black blossoms. Accented by bright yellow and violet centers, these beauties will turn your garden into a true showstopper from early spring through summer.

10. Black Charm Asiatic Lily (Lilium asiatica ‘Black Charm’)

Black Charm Asiatic Lily showcasing dark reddish-black petals and star-shaped blossom

These Asiatic lilies are actually a cross between trumpet lilies and Asiatic lilies, and this mix produces a dazzlingly dark reddish-black, star-shaped blossom called the black charm lily. These lilies are perfect for growing in your garden alone or with other flowers in contrast to more brightly colored blooms. They’re also perfect for a cutting garden, as they can last up to two weeks in a vase.

11. Black Bearded Iris (Iris germanica)

Black Bearded Iris with shiny petals and a sheen of purple and green


Also commonly called the ‘black is black’ iris, the black-bearded iris germanica appears almost genuinely black. However, when the light reflects just right of its shiny petals, you will see a sheen of purple and green, almost like the rainbow of a black oil slick or a pigeon’s feathers. This iris stuns with its surprisingly inky hue and large flower heads of ruffled petals.

12. Black Magic Rose (Rosa Hybrida ‘Black Magic’)

Black Magic Rose with deep red colored petals


Black Magic roses are a tea rose hybrid that features the classic deep-red petals that we associate with traditional roses but with the appearance of having been dipped in a pot of translucent black ink. First cultivated in Germany in the 1980s, black magic roses made their way to the United States in 2001 and are still popular to grow and include in bouquets today.

13. Black Magic Elephant Ears (Colocasia esculenta ‘Black Magic’)

Black Magic Elephant Ears plants with dusty-blackish purple foliage


This variety of colocasia, black magic elephant ears, are traditionally grown for their showy foliage. Colocasia plants feature large heart-shaped leaves that can grow up to 2 feet long, and the black magic variety’s leaves are a dusty-blackish purple in color. Hardy outdoors in zones 8 to 10, elephant ears make an unexpected centerpiece for a garden. In cooler climates, however, they’re also great for growing indoors in containers.

14. Moulin Rouge Sunflower (Helianthus annus)

Moulin Rouge Sunflower showcasing rusty-black petals and dark centers


This variety of sunflower features large blossoms with faces that measure up to 6 inches across. The petals ring a darkly colored center. Petals have a rusty-black color toward the center and feature fiery reddish-orange tips that create an ombre effect from bright red to deep, almost-black brown. Sunflowers thrive in sunny growing locations, and with no pollen, they make great cut flowers for floral arrangements.

15. Fringe Flower (Loropetalum chinense var. Rubrum ‘Black Pearl’)

Fringe Flower showcasing greenish-purple or purplish-black foliage


A member of the witch hazel family, the Loropetalum chinese shrub features greenish-purple or purplish-black foliage that looks beautiful year-round. In early spring, the shrub produces an abundance of bright-pink, spidery flowers that hang down like tassels or fringe – hence the common name “fringe flower.”

16. Penny Black (Nemophila discoidalis ‘Penny Black’

A small cluster of Penny Black flowers in bloom showcasing dark-purple petals rimmed with a bright white along the edges and at the center


Commonly called Penny black or baby black eyes, these annuals feature five dark-purple petals rimmed with a bright white along the edges and at the center. They stay low to the ground, growing only about 4 inches in height, and have a trailing habit that makes them perfect for any containers, borders, and hanging baskets.

17. Black Magic Chocolate Cosmos (Cosmos astrosanguineus ‘Black Magic’)

Three Black Magic Chocolate Cosmos flowers composed in a vase


This cosmos cultivar blossoms with petals in a deep, blood-red color that looks almost black from certain angles. With bright-yellow centers, they are striking flowers to behold. Their visual beauty, however, is not the chocolate cosmos’s only alluring feature; they also have a fragrance that closely resembles the aroma of chocolate. These annuals will make a sweet treat out of any garden.

18. Black Pussy Willow (Salix gracilistyla ‘Melanostachys’)

Black Pussy Willow growing in the wild showcasing purple-black catkins and red-to-yellow anthers


This pretty deciduous shrub is a favorite for late winter and early spring gardens; its showy purple-black catkins and red-to-yellow anthers will be some of the first colors to grace your garden each year. Black pussy willow is perfect for borders, beds, and cutting gardens, as the spindly stems add a dash of whimsy to your floral arrangements.

19. European Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra)

European Black Elderberry growing in the wild with purplish-black, pinnate leaves and clusters of petite pink or purple flower blossoms


Sambucus nigra is native to Europe and can grow as a deciduous shrub, hedge, or even a small tree with the proper pruning and growth encouragement. Its darker variety produces purplish-black, pinnate leaves, clusters of petite pink or purple flower blossoms, and black-color berries.

20. Smoke Bush (Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’)

Smoke Bush plants with deep purple foliage


The smoke bush is a deciduous shrub that can also be encouraged into the form of a small tree. It has purplish-green foliage that turns a bright, scarlet red in the autumn. Despite its beautiful leaves, the smoke bush is most commonly recognized for its prominent, frizzy, and brightly colored seedpods that seem to float like smoke in front of the shrub’s leaves.

21. Black Bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra)

Black Bamboo growing in the wild showcasing a deep-dark-green hue that’s nearly black


Despite its height and tree-like appearance, bamboo is actually a type of grass. Instead of featuring brightly-colored green trunk-like stems and leaves like other types of bamboo, this variety’s “trunks” are a deep-dark-green hue that’s nearly black. The black bamboo is quite striking as the dark-colored stems offset the plant’s verdant leaves.

22. Arabian Night Dahlia (Dahlia ‘Arabian Night’)

A single flowering Arabian Night Dahlia with reddish-black blossoms that appear darker towards the center of the flower


Like all dahlias, the Arabian Night cultivar always impresses the eye with its showy reddish-black blossoms. These blossoms’ petals seem to grow darker toward the flower’s center. Arabian night black dahlias bloom abundantly starting in mid-summer and continuing until the first frost with full blossoms that grow to be about 4 inches in diameter.

23. Sophistica Blackberry Petunia (Petunia ‘Sophistica Blackberry’)

A clustrer of Sophistica Blackberry Petunia flowers in bloom showcasing dark red-black velvet-like petals


This petunia hybrid produces velvety-looking, trumpet-shaped flowers in a deep, rich burgundy. The blossoms can appear either black or dark red, depending on the angle from which you view them. Like other varieties of petunias, these bloom from spring through the summer and make a perfect addition to window boxes and hanging baskets with their trailing habit.

24. Green Wizard Coneflower (Rudbeckia occidentalis ‘Green Wizard’)

A small collection of Green Wizard Coneflower plants growing in a field with prominent black cone at the center and a rim of tiny yellow petals


This unique coneflower blossoms with a prominent black cone at the center, a rim of tiny yellow petals, and a ring of spiky, green sepals at the base. While the green wizard coneflower is not generally planted as the centerpiece of a garden, it will add visual texture and contrast to more brightly blooming companions.

25. Black Beauty Gladiolus (Gladiolus x hortulanus ‘Black Beauty’)

The flower heads of Black Beauty Gladiolus flowers on a wooden table showcasing deep burgundy with black edges to the petals


Also called sword lilies, gladiolus flowers grow from bulbs and feature bright-green, lance-shaped foliage. Starting in mid-summer, this gladiolus hybrid produces prominent central flower spikes in a deep burgundy with black edges that grow up to 60 inches in height, making them a real showstopper for the background of your garden. They’re winter hardy in growing zones 7 to 10.

26. Black Velvet Alocasia (Alocasia reginula)

A potted Black Velvet Alocasia plant with almost-black heart-shaped leaves


Also called jewel alocasia, the black velvet alocasia plant has become a favorite houseplant thanks to its unusual look. This alocasia has ghostly, whitish-green stems and dark, almost-black heart-shaped leaves marked with whisper-light green vein lines. The leaves of this plant have a velvet appearance but actually feel slightly rough to the touch. With the right care, this versatile plant can grow just about anywhere in your home or office.

27. Purple Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

A Purple Basil with dark purple to black foliage


This variety of basil is a cultivar of sweet basil. It features oddly attractive leaves that can either appear almost entirely black with a solid dark purple color or the rich green hue of everyday basil and big splotches of deep purple. Both varieties of purple basil taste delicious in cooking and will make an attractive garnish on your plate.

28. Obsidian Coral Bells (Heuchera ‘Obsidian’)

Obsidian Coral Bells plants growing in a garden with deep-burgundy-colored foliage


Beloved for their attractive clumps of foliage and delicate flower spikes, coral bells make beautiful additions to just about any garden. This semi-evergreen plant will attract butterflies to your garden, blooming from early to mid-summer in zones 4 through 9. Plus, it’ll continue to add a splash of shiny, deep-burgundy-colored foliage long after the blossoms are spent.

29. Black Tulips (Tulipa)

Black Tulips flowers growing in a field showcasing shades of purple, burgundy, and brown petals


Since tulips are generally associated with positive symbolic meanings, black tulips have a more positive meaning than black roses, symbolizing strength and power. Although no one has yet to achieve a truly black-colored tulip, several varieties come close with deep shades of purple, burgundy, and brown such as the queen of the night tulip, black hero tulip, black parrot tulip, and Vincent van Gogh tulip – each of these features its own inky shade.

30. Blacknight Hollyhock (Alcea rosea ‘Blacknight’)

A close shot of a wild Blacknight Hollyhock flower in bloom with very deep shades of purple flowers


With their spindly and wild, yet cultivated-looking, flower stocks, hollyhocks are a staple at the back of any cottage garden. Growing up to 6 feet tall, they produce large spikes filled with flowers throughout summer in zones 3 through 9. The blacknight hollyhock’s blossoms have single petals in a deep shade of purple. Make sure yours receive more than 6 hours of full sunlight every day.

31. Black Velvet Petunia (Petunia ‘Black Velvet’)

A single flowering Black Velvet Petunia plant showcasing very deep black colored petals


It can be argued that this particular variety of almost-black petunia comes the closest to achieving the true-black hue that horticulturists have been striving to achieve for centuries. Beware of where you acquire black petunia seeds for your garden; many disreputable sellers are shipping seeds that produce lavender or pink petunias and marketing them as black velvet petunias. Just be sure to purchase seeds from a trustworthy supplier.

32. Black Bat Flower (Tacca chantrieri)

Black Bat Flower with black flowers that have wing-like sepals


The black bat flower is often mistaken for an orchid, but it is actually from the Tacca genus of flowering plants and belongs to the yam family. These strange and unusual blossoms are challenging to describe because they’re so unique! The flowers have wing-like sepals that can grow to be up to 12 inches across, are brownish-black in color, feature almost-black central petals, and even have whisker-like appendages that can grow up to about 28 inches long.

33. Black Prince Echeveria (Echeveria ‘Black Prince’)

A potted Black Prince Echeveria with deep burgundy foliage


Enjoy collecting and growing different types of succulents. Your collection won’t be complete until you have a black prince echeveria with a spiky rosette of green to black-tipped leaf segments. Despite their dark foliage, these succulents still grow well in full sunlight with little water or attention. Plus, they’re easily propagated from leaf segments, so you can grow more to keep or give away.

34. Molly Sanderson Viola (Viola ‘Molly Sanderson’)

A collection of Molly Sanderson Viola flowers in bloom with black flowers, each with a small, yellow eye at the center


This variety of viola is a spreading, clumping, evergreen perennial plant that produces almost completely black flowers, each with a small, yellow eye at the center. Blossoms start appearing in early spring and continue into autumn. These alluring violas will make a great addition to your borders and flower beds.

35. Diabolo Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Diabolo’)

Diabolo Ninebark plants with dark, purplish-green foliage that appear almost black in color


The diabolo ninebark is a deciduous shrub that features dark, purplish-green foliage that can appear almost black in color. They produce clusters of showy, white, and pink flowers. Growing to be about 8 feet tall and 10 feet wide, these dense shrubs can be planted in a row to create a private garden or individually at the edge of a cottage garden. They are hardy in zones 3 to 7.

36. False Shamrock (Oxalis triangularis)

False Shamrock flowers in bloom with deep-purplish black foliage


In the wild, Oxalis triangularis features green foliage, but many cultivars have been created to selectively produce foliage in a deep-purplish black. Each of the plant’s leaf sections features three leaves attached to a stem at the center, making it resemble a shamrock, hence its common name. These plants are easy to grow when kept evenly moist, and they blossom with delicate, white flowers from spring through fall.

37. Persian Lily (Fritillaria persica)

Two Persian Lily in bloom with bell-shaped flowers that range in dark, almost-black hues of purple, burgundy, and brownish-green


Persian lilies blossom with tall spikes of bell-shaped flowers that range in dark, almost-black hues of purple, burgundy, and brownish-green. Several varieties grow naturally in the wild in their native regions, and many Persian lilies have also been produced for ornamental purposes. Native to the Mediterranean region, Persian lilies can be grown in hardiness zones 5 through 8.

38. Black Baccara Rose (Rosa Hybrida ‘Black Baccara’)

A small cluster of Black Baccara Rose flowers showcasing luxurious folds of deep-red petals that are tinged with an almost-black dusty hue


These Black Baccara Rose were bred to be used in the florist industry, but they are also suitable to grow in home gardens. The black baccara rose is a hybrid of a tea rose, and it features luxurious folds of deep-red petals that are tinged with an almost-black dusty hue. Unlike dyed black roses that symbolize death, the black baccara symbolizes undying hope, optimism, and expectations.

Are There True Black Flowers and Plants in Nature?

There are no truly black flowers or plants in nature. Although, some come pretty close with dark purple, brown, or maroon pigmentation that’s highly saturated. Some of these “black” plants occur naturally, but most are the cultivated products of special breeding.

Why Are Flowers and Plants the Colors They Are?

A collection of black flowers in bloom with bright yellow centers

Sunlight is emitted in a spectrum of wavelengths from long to short (from radio waves and infrared to the visible spectrum that we can see with our eyes and, finally, the super-short wavelength ultraviolet light, x-rays, and gamma rays).

We see the colors that certain compounds reflect rather than absorb. For example, a green plant reflects light at the green wavelength but absorbs other colors of light.

A truly black plant would absorb the full spectrum of light, possibly causing it to dry out, overheat, and even suffer damage at the cellular level.

The natural features of flowers and plants reflect their evolutionary adaptations that have developed over time to increase their chances of survival and reproduction.

Although there are darker, lighter, and differently colored varieties that grow naturally in the world, most plant foliage is green because green-colored foliage most efficiently absorbs the wavelengths of light that aid plants in the energy-producing process of photosynthesis.

Most natural flowers blossom in colors that attract pollinators to ensure successful reproduction. The flower colors most commonly found in nature include yellow, red, white, and blue.

Black Flower Meaning and Symbolism

A close shot of velvet black blooming flower

In flowers and plants, the color black often carries symbolic meanings that are just as dark. Black rose flowers, for instance, symbolize mourning, despair, sadness, death, hatred, and sometimes obsessive love.

In other flowers and plants, the midnight hue can carry these negative connotations but sometimes also symbolizes mystery, power, farewells, and elegance.

There’s no denying that black is a highly stylish color that goes with just about everything. So, these unusually alluring flowers are often used in high floral design and also in holiday bouquets for Halloween.

Beautiful Types of Black Flowers for Your Garden or Next Floral Arrangement

There is a multitude of intriguing black flowers and plants to admire. When choosing which types of black flowers to include in your garden, first consider your hardiness zone and the amount of work you want to put into your garden. For the most beautiful gardening results, make selections based on your environment and each plant’s care requirements.

Editorial Director | andrew@petalrepublic.com | Full Bio

Andrew is the Editorial Director at Petal Republic. He holds a BSc degree in Plant Sciences and has trained professionally at leading floristry schools in London and Paris. In amongst overseeing a global editorial team, Andrew's a passionate content creator around all things flowers, floral design, gardening, and houseplants.

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