12 Best Monstera Varieties to Grow at Home

In this guide, I’ll run through my 12 favorite monstera varieties to keep as houseplants. These types of monstera plants aren’t just popular; they’re also (mostly) easy to grow, making them an ideal choice for beginner to expert indoor gardening enthusiasts. I’ve included a brief overview of light, feeding, watering, and general care requirements for each so you can find the perfect fit for your home.

Best Types of Monstera Plants to Grow Indoors

12 Best Monstera Varieties to Grow at Home


1. Monstera deliciosa (AKA Swiss Cheese Plant)

Monstera deliciosa (AKA Swiss Cheese Plant)

Native to the tropical forests from Southern Mexico to Panama, the Swiss cheese plant gets its common name from the appearance of its leaves, which are riddled with holes. This plant is also sometimes called the Mexican Breadfruit plant, which refers to the delicious (deliciosa) fruit it produces.

GENERAL CARE:This easy-to-grow plant requires little maintenance except the occasional trim to control growth.
SOIL:Choose a well-draining potting mix with peat at a pH of 5.5 to 6.
LIGHT:Bright indirect light to medium light
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Prefers temperatures between 65°F to 85°F. The plant tolerates average home humidity but prefers more humid conditions.
WATERING:Water once every one to two weeks when the soil has dried.
FEEDING:Fertilize once a month in spring and summer with a basic houseplant fertilizer.
GROWTH:This fast-growing plant can reach up to nearly 10 feet tall indoors and about 70 feet tall in the wild. They are also relatively easy to propagate.
TOXICITY:Toxic to dogs and cats. Mildly toxic to humans.

2. Monstera adansonii

Monstera adansonii

Like the Monstera deliciosa, the leaves Monstera adansonii also develop holes or eyes that resemble those found in Swiss cheese. As a result, this plant is also commonly referred to as a cheese plant or a cheese vine, as this monstera creeps and develops vines. It grows wild across much of Central and South America.

GENERAL CARE:Low-maintenance and easy
SOIL:Well-draining, high-peat potting mix with a pH ranging from 5.5 to 7
LIGHT:Indirect bright sunlight
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Performs best between 60°F to 80°F with humidity above 60%. However, the plant can tolerate slightly lower humidity.
WATERING:Water about once a week to keep the soil slightly moist.
FEEDING:Spring and summer, feed monthly with a half-strength, balanced houseplant fertilizer.
GROWTH:Fast-growing plant will reach 3 to 5 feet in height trained as a houseplant and up to 13 feet as a vine.
TOXICITY:Toxic to cats and dogs. Mildly toxic to humans.

3. Monstera dubia

Monstera dubia
Credit: Etsy

Sometimes called the shingle plant, Monstera dubia is a climbing vine whose leaves lie perfectly flat against the tree or trellis they ascend. This monstera plant has heart-shaped leaves with light and dark-green variegations. Although it’s a monstera, the plant’s leaves don’t develop fenestration until the plant has matured. This usually only occurs on plants growing in the wild in Central and South America.

GENERAL CARE:Low-maintenance and easy to grow in the right conditions.
SOIL:Choose a well-draining potting mix with peat.
LIGHT:Place in bright, indirect sunlight
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Prefer temperatures between 60°F and 85°F and humidity above 50%
WATERING:Water every 7 to 10 days when the top 1 to 2 inches of soil are dry.
FEEDING:Provide a balanced fertilizer once a month in spring and summer only.
GROWTH:Grows upright as a vine and requires a trellis, moss pole, or a flat board for support.
TOXICITY:Toxic to cats, dogs, and humans

4. Monstera epipremnoides

Monstera epipremnoides

Another climbing houseplant, this variety of monstera is native to Costa Rica. It differs from other types in that its leaves are slightly lighter green. In mature plants, the perforations in their leaves grow larger than other species of monstera plants. Sometimes the holes extend through the edges, completely separating the leave segments.

GENERAL CARE:Low-maintenance and easy to grow
SOIL:Prefers a rich, well-draining soil
LIGHT:Does not tolerate direct sunlight but grows well in indirect and partial shade.
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Prefers humidity above 50% and temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.
WATERING:Water once a week to keep the soil moist, but never let the roots sit in standing water.
FEEDING:Spring and summer only, feed a well-balanced fertilizer once a month.
GROWTH:With support, indoor vines can reach up to 13 feet in height.
TOXICITY:Toxic to cats, dogs, and humans

5. Monstera obliqua

Monstera obliqua

Native to Central and South America, the Monstera obliqua is often described as having more holes than leaves. Since the plant’s leaf perforations are so extensive and the leaf matter is paper-thin, this plant is quite delicate. Like other plants from the genus, the Monstera obliqua is a climbing plant that does best potted indoors with support. For more, see our guide to staking and supporting Monstera plants at home.

GENERAL CARE:Monstera obliqua care is not for the faint of heart. This houseplant is challenging and rare. They’re expensive, difficult to acquire, and tough to keep alive.
SOIL:Plants prefer peaty soil, but it’s best to mimic the growing conditions of the plant grower from whom you obtained your Monstera obliqua.
LIGHT:No direct sunlight. Indirect sun and partial shade only.
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Requires constant humidity at 85% or higher and stable temperatures of 70°F to 85°F
WATERING:Once a week to maintain slightly moist soil conditions.
FEEDING:Requires infrequent feeding during the growing season only.
GROWTH:Extremely slow-growing – especially compared to other monstera plants.
TOXICITY:Toxic to humans, dogs, and cats

6. Monstera punctulata

Monstera punctulata

The Monstera punctulata is native to Southern Mexico and Central America and is notable for its surprisingly long, perforated leaves. In the wild, the leaves of these plants can just about cover a full-grown man’s torso.

GENERAL CARE:Low maintenance and easy to grow
SOIL:Standard potting soil mixed with peat.
LIGHT:Does best with bright indirect light but can thrive in various light conditions. Avoid direct sunlight.
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Prefers average to moderate humidity and temperatures between 65°F to 85°F.
WATERING:Water when the top half of the soil is dry and allow water to drain completely.
FEEDING:Feed once a month during spring and summer.
GROWTH:In the wild, this vine will climb up to 50 feet. Indoors, the plant can grow as tall as whatever is supporting it.
TOXICITY:Mildly toxic to humans, dogs, and cats

7. Monstera karstenianum (Monstera sp. Peru)

Monstera karstenianum (Monstera sp. Peru)

Unlike most of the popular monsteras, the leaves of the Monstera karstenianum have no perforations. Instead, the plant’s sturdy, shiny, spade-shaped leaves feature variegated monstera color patterns in vibrant shades of green. Although it’s a vine and can climb a pole or drape from a hanging basket, this plant will grow to be quite bushy and attractive in a regular container, too.

For more, see our comprehensive Monstera peru plant care guide.

GENERAL CARE:Low-maintenance and easy to grow
SOIL:Well-draining, rich potting soil mixed with peat
LIGHT:Bright, indirect sunlight
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Moderate humidity and temperatures between 65°F and 80°F
WATERING:Water every one to two weeks to keep soil constantly moist, but avoid soggy soil.
FEEDING:Fertilize once a month during the growing season with a well-balanced houseplant fertilizer.
GROWTH:Fast-growing, reaches about 1 foot in height unsupported indoors.
TOXICITY:Toxic to dogs, cats, and humans

8. Monstera standleyana

Monstera standleyana

The Monstera standleyana is native to parts of Central America. Its shiny, green leaves have pretty splashes, speckles, and stripes of white, cream, or yellowish-white, making the plant quite attractive for growing indoors. Thanks to their prettily patterned leaves, this monstera is often confused for a philodendron.

GENERAL CARE:Low-maintenance and easy to grow
SOIL:Well-draining potting soil mixed with peat
LIGHT:Filtered or indirect sunlight
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Prefers moderate to high humidity and temperatures between 65°F to 80°F
WATERING:Water every one to two times a week, depending on the season, to prevent the soil from drying out, but be sure to allow water to drain completely.
FEEDING:Feed once a month in spring and summer with a well-balanced fertilizer.
GROWTH:Fast-growing. Individual vines can reach up to 20 feet in length when supported. Indoors, expect vines to reach 2 to 5 feet.
TOXICITY:Toxic to humans, cats, and dogs

9. Monstera pinnatipartita

Monstera pinnatipartita

Native to the rainforests of South America, the Monstera pinnatipartita is a relatively rare but highly desired species of monstera. One of the most exciting aspects of raising a Monstera pinnatipartita is watching its leaves change as it matures. The leaves of these plants do not begin separating and developing pinnation until they begin to mature. As the plants grow larger, you can watch as slots, holes, and, eventually, full pinnates develop.

For more, see our in-depth guide to Monstera pinnatipartita care at home.

GENERAL CARE:Easy to care for and grow in the right conditions.
SOIL:Well-draining potting soil mixed with peat
LIGHT:Moderate to bright indirect sunlight
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Moderate to high humidity and temperatures from 65°F to 80°F
WATERING:Depending on the season, water once every week or two to maintain evenly moist soil.
FEEDING:Spring and summer only, fertilize once a month with a balanced houseplant fertilizer.
GROWTH:A moderate grower that performs best in a container with a trellis or other vertical support.
TOXICITY:Toxic to humans, dogs, and cats

10. Monstera siltepecana

Monstera siltepecana

Like other monstera plants, the Monstera siltepecana takes on two different forms in juvenile and mature plants. Juveniles have pretty leaves marked with a silvery hue and deep green venation. Mature plants develop leaves with small fenestration that run along and close to the central vein.

GENERAL CARE:Fairly rare to find and moderately challenging to grow
SOIL:Well-draining potting soil mixed with peat
LIGHT:Bright indirect, or filtered sunlight
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:It can tolerate average indoor conditions but grows best in humidity at or above 60% and temperatures from 65°F to 85°F, which can be more easily achieved in a terrarium.
WATERING:It prefers even moisture but should never sit in standing water. Water once every week or two, depending on the season.
FEEDING:Feed with a balanced houseplant fertilizer once a month during the growing season.
GROWTH:Rarely achieves mature size indoors. Expect plants to remain in juvenile form.
TOXICITY:Toxic to cats, dogs, and humans

11. Monstera variegata

Monstera variegata

The Monstera variegata generally refers to monstera plants with variegated leaves with large white splotches. They’ve become something of a sensation on plant lovers’ Instagram pages. Plus, compared to their non-variegated counterparts Monstera variegata are slightly more challenging to cultivate. They’ve become somewhat rare due to low supply and popularity.

GENERAL CARE:Moderately challenging due to a lower rate of photosynthesis and more delicate leaves
SOIL:Well-draining potting soil mixed with peat
LIGHT:Bright indirect, or filtered sunlight
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Moderate to high humidity and temperatures from 65°F to 80°F
WATERING:Prefers even moisture, but the soil should never be soggy. Water once every week or two, depending on the season.
FEEDING:Feed once a month in the spring and summer using a balanced houseplant fertilizer.
GROWTH:With large, white patches that lack chlorophyll, these monstera plants don’t photosynthesize as much as their totally green family members. As a result, they’re relatively slow-growing and slightly more delicate.
TOXICITY:Toxic to humans, cats, and dogs

12. Rhaphidophora tetrasperma (Mini Monstera)

Rhaphidophora tetrasperma (Mini Monstera)

Okay, okay, okay. Technically, the Rhaphidophora tetrasperma does not belong to the Monstera genus, meaning it is not actually a monstera plant. Plus, it hails from an entirely different part of the world (Southern Thailand and Malaysia). Although it’s not technically related to monsteras, the Rhaphidophora tetrasperma made this list because it has split leaves, and its common name is the mini monstera. Plus, it’s a super popular houseplant.

GENERAL CARE:Low-maintenance and hard to kill
SOIL:Choose a chunk, well-draining substrate soil
LIGHT:Bright indirect or filtered sunlight.
TEMPERATURE & HUMIDITY:Tolerates average household conditions but prefers humidity above 50% and temperatures from 60°F to 85°F.
WATERING:Prefers evenly moist (never soggy) soil. Water once every week or two, depending on the season.
FEEDING:Feed a balanced fertilizer once a month during the growing season only.
GROWTH:Can grow up to 12 feet. Indoor plants usually reach between 2 to 5 feet in height.
TOXICITY:Toxic to humans, cats, and dogs

Best Types of Monstera Plants – Wrapping Up

Now that you know just about everything there is to know about the best monster varieties, you can invite a few of these leafy monsters into your home, snap some pics, and become the next big plant-influencer on Insta.

Editorial Director | andrew@petalrepublic.com | Full Bio

Andrew is the Editorial Director at Petal Republic. He holds a BSc degree in Plant Sciences and has trained professionally at leading floristry schools in London and Paris. In amongst overseeing a global editorial team, Andrew's a passionate content creator around all things flowers, floral design, gardening, and houseplants.

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