With their tall stems and colorful flowers, cosmos are perfect for bringing color and impact to your garden. And if that wasn’t enough, you can also enjoy cosmos flowers in vases and bouquets as cut flowers. Due to their positive symbolism, bouquets of cosmos flowers also make a wonderful birthday or anniversary gift. In this article, we’ll run through everything you need to know about how to cut cosmos flowers for a vase or bouquet arrangement.
- Cutting Cosmos Flowers for a Vase or Bouquet – The Essentials
- About Cosmos
- How to Cultivate Cosmos Flowers in Your Garden
- Best Tools for Cutting Cosmos Flowers
- When to Harvest Cosmos for Cut Flowers
- How Long Will Cut Cosmos Flowers Last for?
- Tips for Extending the Life of Cut Cosmos Flowers
- How Do You Preserve or Dry Cut Cosmos
- Wrapping Up
Cutting Cosmos Flowers for a Vase or Bouquet – The Essentials
Choose flowers with firm buds that are yet to open fully when cutting cosmos for vases or bouquets. Using clean, sharp, sterile tools, cut at a 45-degree angle just above some side stems or a leaf node. Cosmos flowers will last approximately 7 to 10 days in a vase with regular water changes.
The Cosmos genus contains approximately 35 recognized species that belong to the aster or daisy family (Asteraceae). The name of the genus originates from the Greek word “kosmos”, which translates as “harmony” or “beauty”. Horticulturalists have also bred a range of exquisite cosmos types and cultivars.
Cosmos are indigenous to parts of Mexico and Central or South America regions. Cosmos flowers grow in clumps measuring up to 5 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide. Most cosmos are annuals, except for the chocolate cosmos, which is a tuberous perennial.
Cosmos are famed for their fabulous flowers, which can be single, double, or semi-double. They have composite flowers with central florets surrounded by ray petals. Common cosmos flower colors include pink, purple, orange, red, yellow, and white.
As one of the two October birth flowers, cosmos bouquets make a wonderful birthday gift. Cosmos flowers symbolize beauty, harmony, order, modesty, love, peace, and tranquility. Cosmos are also used as anniversary flowers for a couple’s second anniversary.
How to Cultivate Cosmos Flowers in Your Garden
Thanks to their relatively low-maintenance care requirements, cosmos flowers are pretty easy to grow. Cosmos flowers need at least 6 to 8 hours of full sun daily to bloom at their best. Although cosmos flowers are drought-tolerant, water them about once per week.
Cosmos flowers need loose, well-draining, sandy, or chalky soils that are relatively poor in nutrients. Deadhead cosmos regularly harvest flowers throughout the season to maximize flower production. If you’re growing cosmos in containers, fertilize them once every 4 to 6 weeks.
Best Tools for Cutting Cosmos Flowers
Whenever you cut cosmos flowers, it’s best to use a sharp, sterile pair of pruning shears or secateurs. Sharp tools allow you to make clean cuts, which reduces the risk of diseases or pests affecting your cosmos. It’s important to sterilize your tools to eliminate potential contamination between your plants. Always clean your pruning tools using a 5% bleach solution.
When to Harvest Cosmos for Cut Flowers
You can harvest cosmos flowers throughout the season once your plants start producing flower buds. The flowering season runs from early summer until the arrival of the first frost in the fall.
Choose flower stems with buds that are just about to open. This maximizes vase life because the flower will continue to unfurl its petals even when removed from the plant.
By harvesting your cosmos flowers at this stage, you can collect them before they pollinate. Once a bee or butterfly has pollinated the flower, it’s done its job and will start to deteriorate. That’s why cut flowers that are already fully open only last a day or two in the vase.
When harvesting any flower, you’ll get the best results if you gather early in the morning. This is when the stems will hold the most water, helping the stem survive longer after being cut. If you wait until the afternoon, the stems will have lost a lot of water. This negatively impacts the vase life.
Don’t worry about over-harvesting your cosmos because they benefit from a cut-and-come-again approach. The more flowers you harvest, the more flowers your cosmos will produce. This allows you to enjoy these beautiful, colorful annuals throughout the blooming season.
Step-by-Step Guide to Cutting Cosmos Flowers
- Clean and sharpen your pruning shears or secateurs before you start harvesting.
- Examine the cosmos for firm flower stems that have just started opening their buds.
- Follow the stem down to a joint between two stem offshoots.
- Cut the central stem at a 45-degree angle, leaving the two offshoots. These will eventually produce new flowers. Take a cutting about 18 inches long so you can cut it to the size of your vase.
- Remove most of the foliage, especially towards the base of the stem. If you’d like to, you can leave one or two pairs of leaves below each bud.
- Select a clean, sterile glass vase for your cosmos flowers and add some lukewarm water. This is the time to mix in flower food or floral preservatives if you’re using them.
- Cut each cosmos stem to size to fit the vase. Always cut at a 45-degree angle. This helps the stem absorb more water and keeps the cut from being sealed against the base of the glass.
- Enjoy your cut cosmos flowers! Remember to change the water regularly.
How Long Will Cut Cosmos Flowers Last for?
Cosmos flowers should last between 7 and 10 days in a vase as long as you harvest them when the buds start to open. This long vase life gives you plenty of time to admire your gorgeous cosmos flowers. If you harvest cosmos flowers after pollinating, they will only last for a few days. You can eke out a slightly longer vase life by using things like floral preservatives.
Tips for Extending the Life of Cut Cosmos Flowers
Change the Water Regularly
Keeping your cosmos flowers hydrated helps them last longer in a vase. Change the water every couple of days using lukewarm water. To help your stems absorb more water, recut the stem at a 45-degree angle during every water change. When you change the water, reapply things like floral preservatives or flower food if you’re using them.
For more tips on maximizing the vase life of your cosmos flower stems, check out our detailed guide.
Place the Vase Away From Direct Sunlight
Leaving your cosmos flower vase in direct sunlight means that the available water will evaporate more quickly. This dehydrates the flowers, reducing vase life. The best location for your vase is somewhere cool and shady that’s out of direct sunlight. Stable temperatures will also help, so avoid putting your vase somewhere near windows, air vents, or radiators.
Use Floral Preservatives
Mixing floral preservatives or flower food into the water in your cosmos vase can help the blooms last longer. These products provide additional nutrients to sustain the flowers. Use slightly smaller or weaker doses for cosmos as they usually don’t like too many nutrients.
Boiling Water Treatment
Once your cosmos flowers have been cut, they will start losing both water and sap. This reduces the energy they have available to keep going. You can slow down this process using boiling water. Before you arrange your cosmos flowers in the vase, submerge the end of the stems in boiling water. You only need to do this for approximately 20 seconds.
Use Alum Powder
Potassium aluminum sulfate, also known as alum powder, can help your cosmos flowers last longer in the vase. When alum powder is added to the vase water, it allows your cosmos to absorb more water and nutrients. Add a fresh dose of alum powder during each water change.
How Do You Preserve or Dry Cut Cosmos
Although you can enjoy cosmos as cut flowers, these gorgeous annuals also make excellent dried flowers. It’s relatively easy to dry freshly cut cosmos flowers. Simply tie them in bunches and hang them upside down in a cool, dark place. The drying process only takes about a week or two.
Choosing cosmos flowers for drying is slightly different than selecting the ones you want to use as cut flowers. Cosmos flowers that have fully opened work best for dried flowers. Once they’ve dried, they will shrink slightly but will still have plenty of color. Dried cosmos flower heads work exceptionally well when used for potpourri.
Cosmos flowers are perfect for cut flower vases, bouquets, or dried flowers. Choose firm stems with buds that are just starting to open for cut flowers. Cosmos flower stems will last for about 7 to 10 days in a vase with regular water changes. You can get a considerable bounty of flowers by harvesting cosmos flowers throughout the season using a cut-and-come-again approach.
Edd is a budding content writer and gardener living in the United Kingdom. He has a bachelor's degree in Creative and Professional Writing and has written for several gardening publications online. He is passionate about nature and sustainability with a focus on gardening and wildlife.
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