The World of Carnations: 40 Types that Capture Hearts and Gardens

Carnations are beautiful, colorful flowers famous for their frilly petals. Carnation flowers make attractive cut flowers or gorgeous bouquets for various occasions. They’re also pretty easy to grow. In this article, I’ll share 40 of my favorite types of carnation flowers.

Beautiful Types of Carnation Flowers (Dianthus)


1) Dianthus acicularis

Dianthus acicularis are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus acicularis is a species of carnation flower native to the Ural Mountains that straddle Russia and Kazakhstan. These beautiful types of carnation flowers grow in small clumps on grasslands and slopes. It has white star-shaped flowers with five fringed petals.

Dianthus acicularis works well as a cut flower and can be grown in containers. It’s a low-growing carnation variety that only grows up to 12 inches high. It’s also resistant to bacterial wilt. Plant these carnations in locations with ample sun throughout the day.

Common Names:Dianthus
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:8 to 12 inches

2) Dianthus alpinus

Dianthus alpinus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus alpinus is a carnation variety also known as alpine pinks. Alpine pinks are native to the Austrian Alps and thrive in rockeries. Alpine pinks prefer full sun but can tolerate partial shade and flower from late spring until summer.

Alpine pinks have reddish-pink petals with notched edges. Alpine pinks also have a dark ring in the center of each flower. These low-growing herbaceous perennials form fragrant mats.

Common Names:Alpine pink, Rockery pink
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:4 to 8 inches

3) Dianthus arenarius

Dianthus arenarius are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus arenarius is a carnation species also known as the sand pink. Sand pinks are native to the Baltic coastline in eastern and northern Europe. As their name suggests, these beautiful types of carnation flowers thrive in sandy, well-draining soils.

Sand pinks have white flowers with five petals and fringed tips. These carnations also have pale blue or violet rings in the center of each flower. Dianthus arenarius ‘Little Maiden’ is a popular cultivar grown in gardens.

Common Names:Sand pink
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 8 inches

4) Dianthus armeria

Dianthus armeria are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus armeria is commonly known as the Deptford pink. It’s named after a town in the United Kingdom where it used to grow. Dianthus armeria grows widely across Europe and is also naturalized in North America.

Deptford pinks are popular ornamental carnations that have deep pink star-shaped flowers with five notched petals. Dianthus armeria is an annual but may grow as a biennial or perennial in some climates.

Common Names:Deptford pink, Grass pink
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 2 ft

5) Dianthus balbisii

Dianthus balbisii are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus balbisii is a type of carnation native to parts of Southern Europe, such as Albania, France, and Italy. Dianthus balbisii grows best in full sun and thrives in dry woodlands, hillsides, and meadows. These beautiful types of carnation flowers are a herbaceous perennial that flowers from June to September.

Dianthus balbisii has pinkish-purple star-shaped flowers with frilled petals. The flowers are borne on smooth, glabrous stems above clumps of slender, grass-like leaves.

Common Names:Carnation, Dianthus
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:8 to 20 inches

6) Dianthus barbatus

Dianthus barbatus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus barbatus, known as sweet William, is native to parts of Asia and Southern Europe. Sweet William thrives in Zones 3 to 9 and grows best in full sun and fertile, well-draining soils. They are also one of the fastest growing dianthus flowers.

Sweet William produces rounded clusters of up to 30 tiny flowers from spring until fall. These flowers come in colors such as pink, purple, red, and white, and bicolor varieties.

Common Names:Sweet William
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Flowering Season:Spring to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 2 ft

7) Dianthus bolusii

Dianthus bolusii are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Also known as the mountain pink, Dianthus bolusii is a species of carnation native to South Africa. These perennials grow on sandstone slopes in the Northern Cape and Western Cape provinces. Mountain pinks grow up to 1.5 feet tall.

These beautiful types of carnation flowers have cream, dark pink, or dark purple star-shaped flowers with frilled petals. Some mountain pinks also have dark red markings on the base of each petal. Mountain pinks also have clumps of bluish-green grass-like leaves.

Common Names:Bergangelier, Cape pink, Mountain pink
Growing Zones:
Flowering Season:
Light Requirements:
Mature Height:1 to 1.5 ft

8) Dianthus callizonus

Dianthus callizonus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus callizonus is a low-growing carnation also known as beauty’s girdle. This carnation is native to Romania, growing on rocky limestone slopes in the Piatra Craiului Mountains. In Romanian, Dianthus callizonus is known as the ‘little carnation of Piatra Craiului’.

Dianthus callizonus produces mats of pinkish-purple star-shaped flowers with frilled petals. These carnations have dark red markings and pale speckles in the center of each flower.

Common Names:Beauty’s girdle
Growing Zones:3 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:2 to 4 inches

9) Dianthus carthusianorum

Dianthus carthusianorum are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus carthusianorum, also known as the Carthusian pink, is a herbaceous perennial carnation native to mainland Europe. This species is widespread from Spain to Ukraine and thrives in habitats like dry grasslands or mountain slopes.

These beautiful types of carnation flowers have dark pinkish-purple or reddish-pink star-shaped flowers with frilled petals. The flowers emerge in the summer from clumps of narrow, strap-like leaves. Carthusian pinks thrive in neutral or slightly alkaline well-draining soils and full sun.

Common Names:Carthusian pink
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun
Mature Height:2 to 3 ft

10) Dianthus caryophyllus

Dianthus caryophyllus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Also known as the clove pink, Dianthus caryophyllus is one of the most popular types of carnations. Dianthus caryophyllus has been cultivated for thousands of years and is believed to have originally come from Mediterranean Europe.

Dianthus caryophyllus has pinkish-purple, orange, red, white, or yellow star-shaped flowers with frilled petals. These flowers bloom during the summer and produce a sweet clove-like fragrance. Clove pinks also have slender bluish to grayish-green grass-like leaves.

Common Names:Carnation, Clove pink
Growing Zones:6 to 9
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 4 ft

11) Dianthus chinensis

Dianthus chinensis

Dianthus chinensis, known as the Chinese pink or rainbow pink, is a colorful carnation native to grasslands across eastern Asia. Dianthus chinensis grows in parts of China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Mongolia, and Russia. These carnations grow as herbaceous perennial bushes.

These stunning types of carnation flowers have pink or white flowers with frilled edges and dark red inner petals. Bicolor varieties are also common. The flowers grow above clumps of narrow grass-like leaves.

Common Names:China pink
Growing Zones:6 to 9
Flowering Season:Spring to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 2.5 ft

12) Dianthus deltoides

Dianthus deltoides are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus deltoides is also known as the maiden pink. This carnation species is native to Europe and the western regions of Asia. Dianthus deltoides have also become naturalized in North America. Dianthus deltoides inhabits grasslands and prefers chalky soils in full sun.

Maiden pinks have pink star-shaped flowers with joined lobes and frilly edges. Maiden pinks are clump-forming herbaceous perennials with slender, bluish-green grass-like leaves. These carnations flower from late spring until late summer.

Common Names:Maiden pink
Growing Zones:3 to 10
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun
Mature Height:Up to 1 ft

13) Dianthus ‘Everlast Lavender Lace’

Dianthus ‘Everlast Lavender Lace’

Dianthus ‘Everlast Lavender Lace’ is a hybrid carnation grown for its gorgeous, colorful blooms. This hybrid variety has dark reddish-pink flowers with lavender edges and markings. The flowers release a lovely fragrance while in bloom.

These beautiful types of carnation flowers can bloom at least twice a year, sometimes three times. This hybrid carnation also produces clumps of slender grayish-green leaves. It flowers best in full sun.

Common Names:‘Everlast Lavender Lace’
Growing Zones:5 to 10
Flowering Season:Spring to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 1 ft

14) Dianthus furcatus

Dianthus furcatus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus furcatus is also known as the forked carnation or painted pink. This carnation species is native to the French and Italian Alps in western and southern Europe. This species thrives in sunny alpine meadows and grasslands.

Dianthus furcatus has light purple or white star-shaped flowers with frilled edges. These herbaceous perennials form clumps of narrow bluish-green grass-like leaves. Specimens of Dianthus furcatus can grow up to 2 feet high.

Common Names:Forked carnation, Painted pink
Growing Zones:3 to 10
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:0.5 to 2 ft

15) Dianthus giganteus

Dianthus giganteus

Dianthus giganteus, also known as the giant pink, is native to Romania and other parts of the Balkans. It thrives in habitats such as grasslands and slopes that receive full sun. These tall carnations can grow up to 3 feet tall.

These lovely types of carnation flowers are a herbaceous perennial that produce clusters of small pinkish-purple flowers at the end of tall stems. These star-shaped flowers have five petals with frilled edges and readily attract pollinators.

Common Names:Giant pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 3 ft

16) Dianthus glacialis

Dianthus glacialis are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus glacialis is also called glacier pink or ice pink. It’s a dwarf variety that grows on granite slopes. Dianthus glacialis is native to Europe and grows in the eastern Alps and the Carpathian mountains.

Glacier pinks form small clumps of grass-like leaves. Glacier pinks have pinkish-purple flowers with five tufted petals. The flowers also display pink speckles and maroon markings towards the center.

Common Names:Glacier pink, Ice pink
Growing Zones:4 to 7
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 4 inches

17) Dianthus graniticus

Dianthus graniticus

Dianthus graniticus is a carnation species native to central parts of France. It was first described and named in 1849 by Claude Thomas Alexis Jordan, a French botanist. Dianthus graniticus thrives in various habitats but prefers sunny areas and dry or slightly moist soils.

These beautiful types of carnation flowers pinkish-purple flowers with five petals that have frilled edges. The flowers sit above slender, dark green grass-like leaves. The leaves are simple and opposite.

Common Names:Dianthus graniticus
Growing Zones:4 to 7
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:8 to 15 inches

18) Dianthus gratianopolitanus

Dianthus gratianopolitanus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus gratianopolitanus is commonly known as cheddar pink or clove pink. This species is native to Europe and first originated in the Cheddar Gorge in the United Kingdom. Cheddar pinks grow best in sunny areas with well-draining soils.

Cheddar pinks form clumps of slender grayish-green leaves. Cheddar pinks have small, fragrant rose-pink flowers with frilly edges. The petals are closely joined together rather than separate. The flowers have a clove-like scent.

Common Names:Cheddar pink, Clove pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun
Mature Height:5 to 6 inches

19) Dianthus japonicus

Dianthus japonicus

Dianthus japonicus is also known as the seashore pink. These carnations are native to Japan and Korea, thriving on sandy beaches in coastal areas. Seashore pinks flower from summer to fall and make attractive cut flowers suitable for various gifting occasions.

Seashore pinks have light pink to white flowers and five fused petals with frilly edges. Seashore pinks also have two curly pink stamens that emerge from the center of each flower.

Common Names:Seashore pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:6 to 20 inches

20) Dianthus knappii

Dianthus knappii are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus knappii is commonly known as Knapp’s carnation. Knapp’s carnation is native to the Dinaric mountains that straddle the border between Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro in southeastern Europe. Knapp’s carnation mainly grows in forests and woodland groves, tolerating dry soils and full sun.

Knapp’s carnation produces solitary hairy stems bearing bright yellow flowers with five petals with frilly edges. These flowers form colorful mats during spring and summer. The stalks emerge from clumps of grass-like leaves.

Common Names:Knapp’s carnation
Growing Zones:3 to 7
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 15 inches

21) Dianthus lusitanus

Dianthus lusitanus

Dianthus lusitanus is an attractive type of carnation also known as the rock carnation. Rock carnations are native to the Iberian Peninsula that covers parts of Spain and Portugal. Rock carnations also grow in Algeria and Morocco and thrive in rocky habitats.

These lovely types of carnation flowers have pinkish-purple star-shaped flowers with five petals that have serrated edges and dark pink markings. These hardy clump-forming carnations also have bluish-green grass-like leaves.

Common Names:Rock carnation
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:4 to 15 inches

22) Dianthus microlepis

Dianthus microlepis are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus microlepis is a small, clump-forming carnation variety native to Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, and Romania. This species typically grows on alpine grasslands in mountainous areas.

Dianthus microlepis is a low-growing carnation that forms clumps of soft, silvery-green grass-like leaves. This species produces dense mats of small pink, purple, or white flowers with five petals. These flowers bloom in the summer and prefer full sun and well-draining soils.

Common Names:Dianthus microlepis
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 4 inches

23) Dianthus micropetalus

Dianthus micropetalus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus micropetalus is a South African species of carnation also known as the grassveld pink. It thrives in dry grasslands, deciduous woodlands, and rocky outcrops in central and northwestern South Africa.

These beautiful types of carnation flowers have small light pink or white flowers with tiny petals, hence their scientific name. Grassveld pinks are clump-forming perennials that have slender, grass-like basal leaves. These carnations flower from November to March in their native range.

Common Names:Grassveld pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 15 inches

24) Dianthus monspessulanus

Dianthus monspessulanus

Dianthus monspessulanus is commonly known as the fringed pink due to its distinctive flowers. Fringed pinks have pink or white flowers with five petals with long frilly edges. These flowers emerge on stems from clumps of narrow, grass-like leaves.

Fringed pinks are native to parts of Europe, including Albania, Austria, France, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland. These carnations inhabit woodlands and dry grasslands. Fringed pinks grow best in full sun and fertile, well-draining soils.

Common Names:Fringed pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 2 ft

25) Dianthus myrtinervius

Dianthus myrtinervius are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus myrtinervius is commonly known as the Albanian pink. It’s a low-growing variety that forms clumps of bright green grass-like leaves. Albanian pinks also produce mats of dark pink flowers with red rings in the center.

These types of carnation flowers are native to Albania, Greece, and other parts of southeastern Europe. Albanian pinks thrive in full sun and sandy, well-draining soils. These perennial carnations also grow best in slightly acidic soils.

Common Names:Albanian pink
Growing Zones:4 to 9
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 2 inches

26) Dianthus ‘Neon Star’

Dianthus 'Neon Star'

Dianthus ‘Neon Star’ is a beautiful variety of Dianthus with fragrant flowers and a sweet scent. Dianthus ‘Neon Star’ has vibrant pink flowers with frilled edges. Dianthus ‘Neon Star’ also produces clumps of silvery-blue grass-like leaves.

Dianthus ‘Neon Star’ grows best in full sun and needs loose, well-draining soils. It thrives in sandy or rocky soils. They bloom from late spring to late summer and are reasonably easy to grow. This gorgeous cultivar is part of the celebrated Star Single Series.

Common Names:Dianthus ‘Neon Star’
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun
Mature Height:6 to 8 inches

27) Dianthus nitidus

Dianthus nitidus

Dianthus nitidus is a species of carnation known as the Carpathian glossy pink. It’s native to parts of the Carpathian mountains in central Europe. This species grows in countries like Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovakia.

These types of carnation flowers have pinkish-purple flowers that have fused petals. They also produce clumps of slender, grass-like green leaves. These herbaceous perennials thrive in full sun and dry soils.

Common Names:Carpathian glossy pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:6 to 12 inches

28) Dianthus pavonius

Dianthus pavonius are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus pavonius is also called the peacock-eye pink. This species is native to mountainous areas of France, Italy, and Switzerland, such as the Alps and the Pyrenees. Peacock-eye pinks grow on alpine grasslands and thrive in full sun and rich, moist soils.

Peacock-eye pinks form clumps of slender bluish-green grass-like leaves. In spring, peacock-eye pinks produce pinkish-purple flowers with dark pink centers and five petals with frilled edges.

Common Names:Peacock-eye pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 10 inches

29) Dianthus petraeus

Dianthus petraeus

Dianthus petraeus is a low-growing carnation also known as the rock pink or fragrant snowflake garden pink. These carnations are native to parts of Eastern Europe, such as Albania, Bulgaria, and Romania. This species grows in dry forests or on rocky slopes.

Dianthus petraeus produces solitary light pink or white flowers with frilled petals. These types of carnations also have clumps of bluish-green grass-like leaves. Dianthus petraeus is also reasonably easy to grow and works well as part of an alpine rockery.

Common Names:Rock pink, Fragrant snowflake garden pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:4 to 6 inches

30) Dianthus plumarius

Dianthus plumarius

Dianthus plumarius is also known as the common pink or garden pink. Common pinks have pink flowers with five petals with frilled edges and dark red rings in the center. They also have clumps of simple, grass-like leaves.

Common pinks are native to parts of southern Europe, including Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia. These flowers have also spread to Germany, Italy, and parts of the United Kingdom. Common pinks are considered invasive in many parts of the United States, so it’s worth checking in your state before planting.

Common Names:Common pink, Garden pink, Wild pink
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Flowering Season:Spring
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 2 ft

31) Dianthus pungens

Dianthus pungens are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus pungens is a herbaceous perennial carnation species native to parts of France and Spain. Dianthus pungens are mainly found in the Pyrenees. These carnations grow in open habitats such as grasslands, scrublands, or rocky limestone slopes.

These beautiful types of carnation flowers have pinkish-purple flowers borne on solitary stems above green grass-like leaves. The flowers have five petals with frilled edges and purple veins. These carnations thrive in full sun and prefer dry, well-draining soils.

Common Names:Dianthus pungens
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:4 to 12 inches

32) Dianthus repens

Dianthus repens are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus repens is a compact, hardy carnation species also known as the boreal carnation or northern pink. This clump-forming species is native to parts of China, Mongolia, and Siberia. Northern pinks also grow in Alaska and the Yukon and thrive on rocky slopes.

Northern pinks form dense mats of narrow, grayish-green grass-like leaves. Northern pinks have solitary pink or purple flowers with frilly petals.

Common Names:Boreal carnation, Northern pink
Growing Zones:1 to 6
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun
Mature Height:Up to 8 inches

33) Dianthus seguieri

Dianthus seguieri are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus seguieri is a type of carnation also known as Sequier’s pink. It’s native to parts of central and southern Europe, such as France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland. This species grows in meadows and on mountain slopes.

Sequier’s pinks have pink flowers with five petals that have frilled edges. The flowers also have purple rings in the center and bloom from June to September. They also showcase green grass-like leaves.

Common Names:Sequier’s pink
Growing Zones:4 to 9
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 2 ft

34) Dianthus serotinus

Dianthus serotinus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus serotinus is a late-blooming carnation also known as the late carnation or late pink. These carnations are native to the Carpathian Basin in Hungary but also grow in surrounding areas. Late pinks start blooming in June and can continue flowering until October.

These beautiful types of carnations have pink or white flowers with five petals that have frilly edges. Late pinks also have green grass-like leaves. These carnations grow best in sandy grasslands with dry, well-draining soils.

Common Names:Late carnation, Late pink
Growing Zones:4 to 7
Flowering Season:Summer to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 8 inches

35) Dianthus spiculifolius

Dianthus spiculifolius are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus spiculifolius is also known as the alpine pink. This species is native to the Carpathian Mountains and grows in parts of Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. This alpine species is ideal for rock gardens.

Alpine pinks have white flowers with five petals that have long frilled edges. Each flower also has dark red spots in the center. These herbaceous clump-forming perennials also have bluish-green grass-like leaves. Alpine pinks bloom from late spring until late summer.

Common Names:Alpine pink
Growing Zones:5 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to summer
Light Requirements:Full sun
Mature Height:Up to 1 ft

36) Dianthus strictus

Dianthus strictus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus strictus is a clump-forming type of carnation also known as the wild pink. This species is native to parts of the Mediterranean and Middle East, including Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. Wild pinks grow best in dry grasslands and other open habitats.

These beautiful types of carnation flowers grow in dense mounds of grass-like leaves. Wild pinks have pinkish-purple flowers with purple veins and frilled edges on the petals. The flowers also have white centers. Wild pinks thrive in full sun and well-draining soils.

Common Names:Wild pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Spring to fall
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:4 to 8 inches

37) Dianthus subacaulis

Dianthus subacaulis are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus subacaulis is a low-growing carnation species that grow in dense clumps. Dianthus subacaulis is native to southern parts of France. This species thrives in full sun and grows best in dry, well-draining soils.

These plants produce clumps of grayish-green grass-like leaves and upright flower stems. Dianthus subacaulis has pale pink flowers with a fragrant scent. Dianthus subacaulis blooms during the summer.

Common Names:Dianthus subacaulis
Growing Zones:5 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:Up to 2 inches

38) Dianthus superbus

Dianthus superbus are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus superbus is a type of carnation known as the fringed pink or large pink. These carnations have a broad native range spanning parts of Asia and Europe, such as France, Spain, and Japan. This species grows at high altitudes.

Large pinks have unusual pink or purple flowers with long frilly petals. The petals also have yellowish markings towards the center. The flower stems emerge from clumps of grayish-green grass-like leaves.

Common Names:Fringed pink, Large pink
Growing Zones:3 to 9
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:1 to 2 ft

39) Dianthus sylvestris

Dianthus sylvestris are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus sylvestris is a carnation species also known as the wood pink. Wood pinks are native to the European Alps and parts of Greece. These herbaceous perennials grow best in full sun and prefer dry, stony soils.

Wood pinks grow in clumps of slender green grass-like leaves. During the summer, wood pinks form mats of pink flowers with fused petals with serrated edges. Wood pink flowers also have yellow centers. These flowers are relatively easy to grow and are well-suited to rock gardens.

Common Names:Wood pink
Growing Zones:4 to 8
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun to partial shade
Mature Height:4 to 12 inches

40) Dianthus tenuifolius

Dianthus tenuifolius are beautiful types of carnation flowers

Dianthus tenuifolius is a subspecies of Dianthus carthusianorum – the Carthusian pink. Dianthus tenuifolius is native to the eastern and southern parts of the Carpathian mountains that straddle Romania and Ukraine. They grow best on dry grasslands or mountain slopes across their native range.

Dianthus tenuifolius produces clumps of slender, grass-like leaves. This species has pinkish-purple star-shaped flowers that have frilled edges. These flowers bloom during the summer and thrive in full sun and well-draining soils.

Common Names:Dianthus tenuifolius
Growing Zones:5 to 9
Flowering Season:Summer
Light Requirements:Full sun
Mature Height:2 to 3 ft

Types of Carnation Flowers FAQs:

What is a Carnation Flower?

Carnation flowers are beautiful flowers that belong to the Dianthus genus of the Caryophyllaceae family. Carnation flowers are famous for having five frilly petals. Most carnations are herbaceous perennials.

What Colors Do Carnation Flowers Come In?

Carnation flowers come in various colors, including pink, purple, orange, red, yellow, and white. Carnations also come in different shades of these colors.

What is the Meaning of a Carnation Flower?

Carnation flowers symbolize devotion, distinction, fascination, and love, especially motherly love. Carnations are also one of the two January birth flowers. Pink carnations represent gratitude and maternal love, while white carnations symbolize pure love and good luck.

How Do You Care for Carnation Flowers?

Carnation flowers need approximately 4 to 6 hours of full sun daily in Zones 3 to 8. Carnations prefer well-draining soils that are slightly alkaline. Water carnations once or twice weekly and apply a slow-release fertilizer in the spring.

How Long Do Carnation Flowers Last?

Carnation flowers bloom from spring until fall, depending on the variety. When used as cut flowers, carnations last for 1 to 3 weeks in a vase.

Can Carnation Flowers Be Grown Indoors?

Some carnation flowers can be grown indoors (from seed if required) if they get plenty of light. Water them once a week and feed them every two weeks. Maintain temperatures between 60 and 70ºF.

Are Carnation Flowers Edible?

Carnation flowers are edible and make attractive cake decorations or salad garnishes. Carnation flowers have a spicy taste similar to cloves.


Beautiful Types of Carnation Flowers – Wrapping Up

Carnations are lovely, colorful flowers with delicate fringed petals. The Dianthus genus contains approximately 340 individual species, some of which are referred to as pinks. Common types of carnations include clove pinks (Dianthus caryophyllus), cheddar pinks (Dianthus gratianopolitanus), and sweet William (Dianthus barbatus).

For more, see our in-depth guide to carnation growing zones and native ranges, tips on managing non-flowering carnations, the best companion plants for carnations, beautiful flowers that pair well with carnations, and how to propagate and transplant carnation flowers in your garden.


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