Phlox subulata, most commonly called creeping phlox makes a stunning addition to any garden or yard. With their spreading nature, you can plant a few creeping phlox plants, provide them with proper care, and then watch, year after year, as the perennial plants slowly take over your yard, creating a carpet of vibrant color. Here we’ll take you through everything you need to know about how to grow Phlox subulata flowers at home including planting, soil considerations, watering, fertilizing, pruning, propagating, and pest control.
- How to Grow Phlox subulata (Creeping Phlox)
- About Phlox subulata (Creeping Phlox)
- Creeping Phlox Taxonomy
- Origins of Creeping Phlox
- Botanical Characteristics
- Uses and Benefits of Creeping Phlox
- When Does Creeping Phlox Bloom, and How Long Is the Flowering Season?
- Phlox subulata Growth Expectations
- Companion Plants for Creeping Phlox in the Garden
- How to Grow Phlox Subulata
- How to Care for Phlox Subulata
- Common Phlox subulata Problems and How to Fix Them
- Essential Tools for Growing Creeping Phlox
- A Carpet of Color for Spring
- Growing Phlox Subulata FAQs
How to Grow Phlox subulata (Creeping Phlox) – The Essentials:
|Botanical Name:||Phlox subulata|
|Also Known As:||Creeping phlox, moss phlox, mountain phlox, or moss pink|
|Hardiness Zones:||4 to 9|
|Flowering Months:||March through May|
|Growing Difficulty:||Easy to grow in the right conditions. Requires some moderate maintenance.|
|Type of Plant:||Herbaceous, evergreen, spreading perennial|
|Light Requirements:||Full sun or bright, direct light. Prefers partial shade in areas with particularly hot summers.|
|Temp & Humidity:||Produces flowers at around 60°F, enters dormancy at 35°F to 44°F and tolerates winter temperatures down to -20°F. Prefers low to moderate humidity.|
|Watering Needs:||During the spring and summer, water when rainfall is less than 1″ per week. Use a soaker hose to avoid wetting the plant’s leaves and thoroughly soak the soil. Allow the soil to dry completely before watering again.|
|Soil Preferences:||Well-draining and slightly acidic to neutral soil (pH 5 to 8)|
|Feeding:||In the garden, apply a slow-release, balanced fertilizer in late winter or spring. In containers, fertilize once in early spring and again in summer with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer or slow-release fertilizer pellets.|
|Growth Expectations:||Mature plants achieve a 1 to 2-foot spread and are about 3 to 6 inches tall.|
|Toxicity:||Non-toxic to humans and pets|
About Phlox subulata (Creeping Phlox)
Creeping Phlox Taxonomy
Phlox subulata is one of 67 species of flowering plants that belong to the Phlox genus in the Polemoniaceae plant family.
Origins of Creeping Phlox
Phlox subulata is native to the eastern and central regions of the United States.
Creeping phlox is an evergreen, herbaceous perennial that has hairy, long, and narrow leaves. The plants grow with a spreading or creeping habit that forms cushions, clumps, or mats.
Creeping phlox has petite, five-petaled flowers that bloom in shades of mauve, rose, blue, white, and pink. When in bloom, the flowers of Phlox subulata create a carpet of color.
Uses and Benefits of Creeping Phlox
Since Phlox subulata is native to the United States, it provides a strong attraction to local pollinators. Planting creeping phlox in your garden will draw in butterflies, hummingbirds, honey bees, bumblebees, moths, and more.
In the past, Native American tribes medicinally used several species of phlox, including Phlox subulata. The entire plant was brewed to make tea to calm and soothe gastrointestinal issues. Additionally, the leaves were steeped and applied topically to treat skin rashes, and the roots were also steeped to be used as an eyewash.
Symbolism and Flower Language
Phlox flowers symbolize unity, harmony, compatibility, partnership, commitment, and agreement.
In the Victorian language of flowers, a gift of phlox could be interpreted as a public display of affection or as a marriage proposal. Fragrant phlox symbolized a wish for sweet dreams.
When Does Creeping Phlox Bloom, and How Long Is the Flowering Season?
Creeping phlox blooms in early spring, starting as early as March and continues to bloom through late spring until late May or early June.
Phlox subulata Growth Expectations
Phlox subulata grows about 1 inch per month, reaching maturity in two or three growing seasons. At maturity, creeping phlox can grow to be about 1 to 2 feet across and between 3 and 6 inches tall.
Companion Plants for Creeping Phlox in the Garden
When selecting companion plants for growing alongside creeping phlox in your garden, choose plants that prefer similar growing conditions — full sun and moist, well-draining soil. Additionally, look for taller species that can create a backdrop behind creeping phlox’s short silhouette.
Popular creeping phlox companion plants include:
- Muscari armeniacum (Grape Hyacinth)
- Narcissus ‘Hawera’ (Triandrus Daffodils
- Ornithogalum umbellatum (Star of Bethlehem)
- Tulipa clusiana ‘Lady Jane’ (Botanical Tulip)
- Stachys byzantina (Lamb’s Ears)
How to Grow Phlox Subulata
The Best Location for Planting Phlox Subulata
For the best blooms, plant creeping phlox in a spot that receives lots of bright, direct sunlight. In climates where springs and summers are particularly hot, a bit of dappled shade is okay.
In addition to boarders, beds, cottage gardens, rock gardens, and containers, they’re perfect plants for any place where you’d like a colorful ground cover.
The Best Time to Plant Phlox Subulata
Plant Phlox subulata in spring after the danger of the last frost of winter has passed.
Growing Creeping Phlox From Seed vs. Planting Nursery Plants
Growing creeping phlox from seeds requires a very long process that can take up to two or three years until the plants are ready to be transplanted into the ground.
If you want a garden that looks stunning this year and even better next, it’s best to purchase young creeping phlox plants from a nursery to transplant into your garden.
What to Do Before Planting
Before planting, scope out a good location for your creeping phlox in your garden. Consider the space you have and the size of mature Phlox subulata plants before deciding how many plants you will need.
Be sure you have a hand shovel or trowel, slow-release fertilizer pellets or organic compost, and sand or perlite if your soil retains lots of moisture.
What’s the Best Soil for Creeping Phlox?
Creeping phlox is prone to root rot and fungus in overly moist soil. The best potting soil for Phlox subulata is rich and well-draining soil that contains sand, bark, or perlite.
Creeping phlox thrives in mildly acidic to neutral soil with a pH ranging from 5 to 8.
How to Plant Creeping Phlox
If planting in a container, choose one that is well-draining and about 2 to 4 inches larger than your plant.
To plant creeping phlox in the ground, find a spot 1 to 2 feet in diameter and dig a hole that is deep and large enough to accommodate the plant’s entire root ball. When placed in the hole, the top of the root ball should be in line with the top of the ground (or the top of the soil level in a container).
Create an ideal environment for your creeping phlox by ensuring the soil immediately surrounding the plant is well-draining and rich by mixing a combination of potting soil, mulch, and sand or perlite. You can also add balanced, slow-release fertilizer pellets to the mixture.
Creeping Phlox Light Preferences
Creeping phlox thrives in bright, direct sunlight. In full sun, these plants will produce the most beautiful flowers.
In particularly hot climates, creeping phlox can still grow beautifully in partial shade that will protect them from the hottest part of the day.
Temperature and Humidity
Creeping phlox does not fare well in high humidity and overly moist conditions. These plants are slightly drought tolerant and prefer low to moderate humidity.
Phlox subulata blooms at average temperatures of about 60°F. These plants enter dormancy between 35°F and 44°F, and they can survive winter temperatures down to -20°F.
How to Care for Phlox Subulata
Watering Phlox Subulata
Water creeping phlox in the spring and summer when weekly rainfall averages less than 1 inch.
To water, use a soaker hose or watering can that will allow you to apply water directly to the soil, avoiding the plant’s leaves, if possible. Water until the soil is thoroughly moist and saturated. Then allow the soil to dry completely before watering again.
How, When, and Why to Fertilize Creeping Phlox
Fertilizer provides plants with the nutrients they need to grow and create beautiful flower blossoms.
While creeping phlox plants, growing in the ground, will usually do well without regular fertilizing, you can apply compost or mulch at the end of the season or in early spring to create a more rich environment.
If growing in containers, fertilize in the spring and again in the summer with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer or mix in slow-release fertilizer pellets at the time of potting.
Pruning and Cutting Back Creeping Phlox
Creeping phlox should be pruned and cut back to control growth, maintain shape, and encourage healthy growth the following year.
You can either cut back stems immediately after blossoms are spent to prevent the spreading of seeds or you can wait until the fall. When cutting back creeping phlox in fall, trim back 1/2 the length of the stems or almost to the ground.
This protects the plant during winter and encourages new growth in spring.
Propagating Phlox Subulata
Phlox subulata is self-propagating in that they spread seeds after blossoming. However, you can propagate the plants yourself via root division.
To propagate a creeping phlox, simply dig up the plant’s root ball in the early spring, break or cut it into two halves (you can use sterile pruning shears for a clean cut), and replant each half separately.
Overwintering Phlox Subulata
To overwinter creeping phlox, prune back the stems in late summer or early fall.
Creeping phlox can survive the winter without any special care in growing zones 4 to 9. If you live in zone 4 or lower, protect your plants’ roots by spreading a layer of mulch over the plants.
When and How to Repot Phlox Subulata Container Plants
A creeping phlox growing in a container usually needs to be divided and repotted every 2 to 4 years. The best time to do this is in the early spring or the fall.
To start, gently tease your plant loose from its container and remove it. Loosen as much soil as you can from the plant’s root ball. If separating, divide the plant into two equal portions. One can return to the original pot, and you can plant the other in another well-draining pot of a similar size.
Common Phlox subulata Problems and How to Fix Them
Signs of Problems in Creeping Phlox
- Powdery Substance on Plants – This is a sign of mildew fungus growing. It can affect plants that are overly moist or don’t have proper air circulation. Reduce watering frequency. Wash leaves with a solution of baking soda, mild liquid soap, and water.
- Few or No Flowers – Creeping phlox needs at least 6 hours of full sun daily to bloom properly. Mildew can also stunt flowers.
- Drooping Leaves – Usually occurs due to overwatering. Check soil drainage and reduce watering frequency.
- Wilted or Crisp Foliage – This is a sign of not enough moisture. Although creeping phlox is somewhat drought-tolerant, they prefer evenly moist soil. Increase your watering frequency.
Pests and Diseases
- Spider Mites – The underside of leaves will have a bronzed, yellowed, or speckled appearance. Treat leaves with horticultural oil or spider mite pesticide.
- Phlox Bugs – Curled and yellowed leaves indicate the presence of phlox bugs. Treat plants with horticultural soap or oil and clean up plant debris throughout the year.
- Foliar Nematodes – Signs of these worms include distorted growth and oddly shaped leaves and stems. Treat plants with a specially formulated pesticide solution.
Essential Tools for Growing Creeping Phlox
- Moisture meter or soil probe
- Watering can
- Soaker hose
- Cutting shears or secateurs
- Balanced slow-release fertilizer pellets and/or water-soluble liquid fertilizer
- Sand or perlite
A Carpet of Color for Spring
Creeping phlox makes a wonderful addition to any garden. With their spreading habit and a teeny bit of effort from you, just a few plants can create a veritable carpet of color in your yard after only a few years!
Growing Phlox Subulata FAQs
Does Phlox subulata need full sun?
Phlox subulata requires at least 6 hours of full sun during the growing season.
How fast does Phlox subulata grow?
Phlox subulata grows about 1 to 2 inches each year.
Do Phlox subulata come back every year?
Phlox subulata are perennials that grow back every year.
Is Phlox subulata poisonous to dogs or other pets?
Phlox subulata is not toxic to dogs, cats, or humans.
How do you keep Phlox subulata blooming?
To encourage a second round of blooming, Phlox subulata flowers can be dead-headed after their first bloom.
Should Phlox subulata be cut back after blooming?
In fall at the end of the growing season, Phlox subulata should be cut back by at least 1/2 for overwintering and regrowth the next year.
Andrew is the Editorial Director at Petal Republic. He holds a BSc degree in Plant Sciences and has trained professionally at leading floristry schools in London and Paris. In amongst overseeing a global editorial team, Andrew's a passionate content creator around all things flowers, floral design, gardening, and houseplants.
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