Step-by-Step Guide to Growing and Caring for Geranium maderense at Home
As the largest member of the Geranium genus, Geranium maderense knows how to make a statement in the garden. Its beautiful, toothed leaves and many pink flowers light up landscapes throughout the year. And as a bonus, it’s easy to care for! If you’d like to add one of these geraniums to your garden, keep reading as we take you through everything you need to about how to grow and how to care for Geranium maderense (Madiera cransebill) flowers at home.
- How to Grow Geranium maderense (Madeira cranesbill) – The Essentials:
- About Geranium maderense
- How to Grow Geranium maderense
- Where are the Best Locations to Plant Geranium Maderense?
- What are the Best Times of Year to Plant?
- Growing Geranium Maderense From Seed vs. Transplanting
- What to Do Before Planting
- What’s the Best Soil for Geranium Maderense?
- How to Plant
- Geranium Maderense Light Preferences
- Temperature & Humidity Preferences
- How to Care for Geranium Maderense
- Common Geranium Maderense Problems
- Essential Tools for Geranium Maderense Care
- Wrapping Up
- Geranium Maderense FAQs:
How to Grow Geranium maderense (Madeira cranesbill) – The Essentials:
|Botanical Name:||Geranium maderense|
|Also Known As:||Madeira cranesbill, giant herb-Robert, Madeira Island geranium|
|Hardiness Zones:||USDA hardiness zones 8-10|
|Flowering Months:||April through September|
|Growing Difficulty:||Easy to grow|
|Type of Plant:||Biennial, sometimes a short-lived perennial|
|Light Requirements:||Ideally full sun or part shade; can tolerate full shade|
|Temp & Humidity:||Prefers temperatures ranging from 50ºF to 80ºF with moderate to high humidity. Can survive temperature as low as 23ºF.|
|Water||Water every few weeks in the summer when the top few inches of soil is dry; drought-tolerant|
|Soil Preferences:||Well-drained, neutral to slightly acidic, not particular about texture|
|Feeding:||Apply a vegetative fertilizer in the spring of the first year and a flowering fertilizin in the spring of the second year|
|Growth Expectations:||Up to five feet tall and five feet wide at maturity|
|Toxicity:||Non-toxic to humans and pets|
About Geranium maderense
Family, Genus, and Species
It’s worth noting that Geranium maderense is quite different from common garden geraniums in the Pelargonium genus. Instead, it’s considered a true geranium or cranesbill.
Origins and History
As its name suggests, the Madeira cranesbill is native to Madeira. This tiny island chain is located off the coast of Morocco in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is considered an autonomous region of Portugal.
In its native habitat, this geranium is often exposed to ocean winds. To help stabilize itself, the plant will fold down its leaves to act as braces.
During the 1950s, the world took note of this new geranium due to Major C. H. C. Pickering. Pickering, a Brit living in Madeira, described the plant and eventually sent seeds and plants to England.
While people first thought the plant was a version of Geranium palmatum, they later realized this larger geranium was a distinct species.
While Geranium maderense is rarely found in the wild today, it is a beloved garden plant.
General Botanical Characteristics
The Madeira cranesbill is the largest member of the Geranium family. At its maturity, it can reach five feet tall and five feet wide.
During the first year of life, plants form leaves but no flowers. Leaves are dark green with a deeply dissected form. Each leaf can reach up to eight inches long.
These leaves grow on long, dark red stems covered in short hairs. These thin stems emerge from a thick central stem.
Once a plant reaches its second year of life, it begins producing pink flowers. These flowers have five petals and are one inch wide.
Uses & Benefits
Bees, butterflies, and other pollinators love this plant’s many pink flowers.
Geranium maderense Blooming Season
Since Madeira cranesbill plants are biennials, they don’t flower during their first year. They do produce flowers during their second year of growth and sometimes flower during their third year.
In the spring, plants become covered with five-petaled pink blooms with dark pink centers. Flowers continue blooming throughout the spring and summer.
Geranium maderense Growth Expectations
Geranium maderense is the largest geranium species. It grows quickly and reaches 4-5 feet tall and wide during its second year.
Companion Plants for Madeira Cranesbill
Popular companion plants for Madeira Cranesbill flowers include:
- Ornamental onion
How to Grow Geranium maderense
Where are the Best Locations to Plant Geranium Maderense?
The Madeira geranium can thrive in numerous locations. The main thing to take into consideration is its large size.
One option is to use this plant as a focal plant in garden beds. Just make sure you give it enough area to grow over time.
Another option is to plant Madeira cranesbill in a dappled forest understory or forest edge. This environment mimics the forest which once covered the plant’s native Madeira.
What are the Best Times of Year to Plant?
Early spring after the last frost is the best time to plant. If your area doesn’t receive frosts, plant during March or April.
If your plant has self-seeded, seedlings will emerge in the spring.
Growing Geranium Maderense From Seed vs. Transplanting
You may grow Madeira geraniums from both seed and transplants. However, transplants are an easier and more reliable method.
Seeds are slow to germinate and require cool conditions to do so. It’s not uncommon for seeds to take multiple weeks to germinate.
Transplants are a surefire way to produce mature plants. If you are using transplants, make sure to set the potted plants outside for several days before planting. This will help limit transplant shock.
What to Do Before Planting
Remember that these plants are the biggest type of geranium! You’ll need to make sure they have at least a five-foot area to expand.
What’s the Best Soil for Geranium Maderense?
Fortunately, these plants aren’t very particular when it comes to soil. They can tolerate clay, sand, loam, and other types of soil.
However, they cannot tolerate wet soil. Well-drained soil is essential to a healthy plant.
You should also ensure that soil pH is neutral or slightly acidic. If you need to lower the pH, add a bit of sulfur.
How to Plant
Planting Madeira cranesbill is easy once you have a proper site.
Before you plant, examine the soil. If the soil seems compacted or wet, mix in some compost to improve drainage.
If the site you’ve chosen has other plants, consider moving them. Since Madeira cranesbill plants grow quickly, they can outcompete other plants for sun and nutrients.
Once your site is all set, dig a hole that is the size of the transplant’s root ball. Gently place the plant in the hole, cover it with soil, and water well.
While mature plants don’t need much water, check your new transplant regularly for the first month. If the plant begins to wilt or the top few inches of soil is dry, water.
Geranium Maderense Light Preferences
Madeira geraniums grow best with at least six hours of bright sun each day. Their ideal conditions are six to eight hours of morning sun.
However, you can grow these plants in full shade. If you plant in full shade, plants may produce fewer flowers.
Temperature & Humidity Preferences
These plants cannot handle temperatures below 23ºF. If you live in an area that experiences frost, you’ll need to bring your plants inside or cover them.
During the spring and summer, these plants prefer temperatures between 50-80ºF and moderate to high humidity.
They can handle temperatures above 80ºF. However, they may suffer if they receive afternoon sun coupled with high temperatures.
How to Care for Geranium Maderense
Madeira cranesbill can tolerate moderate drought, so you don’t have to worry about watering every week.
During dry periods, aim to deeply water your plant every two to three weeks. Plants in full sun will require more water than plants in full or part shade.
These plants aren’t picky about the type of water, so tap water is fine.
How, When, and Why to Fertilize
Geranium maderense doesn’t require much fertilizer, but it will benefit from light doses. Be careful not to apply too much fertilizer, as this can cause brittle stems.
During the first year of growth, fertilize plants once in the spring. Use a fertilizer designed for vegetative growth.
In the second year of growth, switch to a fertilizer designed for flowers. Apply a low dose of fertilizer once in the spring and again in the summer.
When and How to Prune Geranium Maderense
While you may be tempted to remove drooping leaf petioles, avoid doing so. These leaf stalks help prop up the top-heavy plant as it grows.
While it’s not technically pruning, another thing to think about is seedlings. Madeira cranesbill is known for the ability to readily self-seed. If you don’t want new plants to grow, the seedlings are easy to remove by hand.
Since Madeira cranesbill often self-seed, propagating is easy. Simply let the plants go to seed, and then watch the seeds germinate and grow. If you’d like, you can move small seedlings to other areas of your garden.
If you’d like a bit more of a hands-on approach, collect seed pods. After you’ve removed the seeds, sow them in containers filled with potting mix.
Remember that these seeds can take a few weeks to germinate. As you wait, keep the seeds moist and cool.
Another option is to propagate plants via basal cuttings. However, this method is a bit trickier than producing new plants from seed.
According to UC Davis, these plants can survive winter temperatures as low as 23ºF. If you are expecting frost, it’s a good idea to cover your plant with a frost blanket and mulch the base of the plant.
If your plant is in a container, you may move it to a sheltered location during the winter. However, don’t move it to a warm house, as this can shock your plant. Instead, keep it in a cool area like a laundry room or garage.
Repotting Geranium Maderense Grown in Containers
Since these plants grow quickly, you should start with a large pot. Opt for a container that is at least 15 inches in diameter.
If you’re starting with small transplants, you will need to repot them into a larger container. Try to do this in the spring when plants begin actively growing.
Removing old flowers will encourage new flowers. You can remove individual blooms or cut back entire flower stems.
Common Geranium Maderense Problems
Fortunately, these plants aren’t impacted by many garden diseases or pests. However, you should keep an eye out for the following.
If you notice your Geranium maderense plant is coated in a white powder, it may be infected with powdery mildew. This is a common issue caused by several fungi.
Powdery mildew is most common in wet areas with poor airflow.
If you suspect your plant has powdery mildew, prune off the infected leaves and flowers.
To avoid future problems, allow space between plants to allow for good airflow.
Slugs and Snails
Slugs and snails feed on foliage and flowers. While they don’t tend to severely damage larger plants, they can kill seedlings.
If you notice these pests, pick them off and place them in a bucket of soapy water.
You can also place a band of diatomaceous earth around the base of your plant. This will stop the pests from reaching your plant. However, you will need to reapply after rain.
Essential Tools for Geranium Maderense Care
Here’s a list of tools we recommend for taking care of your Madeira cranebill plant.
- Plastic container
- Cactus mix or a coarse homemade soil blend with perlite and sand
- A watering can
- A high-phosphorus fertilizer
- Sharp shears or scissors for clipping and pruning
- Rubbing alcohol and disinfectant spray to sterilize your shears
- Fungicide for any fungus-related issues
If you’re looking for a show-stopping geranium, you can’t do much better than Geranium maderense. As long as you provide the proper care, this plant will delight with its gorgeous foliage and stunning flowers.
Geranium Maderense FAQs:
Is Geranium maderense Hardy?
This plant can tolerate light frosts, but it is not very cold hardy. However, it can tolerate a variety of soil conditions, drought, and wind.
How Big Does Geranium maderense Get?
Geranium maderense plants can grow up to five feet tall and five feet wide.
What Do You Do with Geranium maderense Over Winter?
If temperatures will remain above freezing, you don’t need to do anything special. The plant will live throughout the winter.
If frost is in the forecast, bring your plant inside or cover it with frost cloth.
Is Geranium maderense Invasive?
No. While this plant is not native to the United States, it does not outcompete other plants.
Is Geranium maderense a Perennial?
While it frequently grows as a biennial, Geranium maderense sometimes grows as a perennial.
Will Geranium maderense Grow in Shade?
Yes, this plant can tolerate both part shade and full shade.
Is Geranium maderense Poisonous to Humans?
These plants are not poisonous to humans.