The Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) is a graceful palm that adds beauty and intrigue to indoor areas. It has large, fan-shaped leaves and can grow to eight feet tall indoors. Fortunately, this palm is easy to care for indoors. It grows well at normal indoor temperatures and lighting conditions. Keep reading to learn more about caring for the Chinese fan palm at home.
- Chinese Fan Palm Care Essentials:
- About Chinese Fan Palms (Livistona chinensis)
- How to Grow Chinese Fan Palms Indoors at Home
- How to Care for Chinese Fan Palms at Home
- Common Chinese Fan Palm Problems & How to Treat Them
- Essential Tools
- Wrapping Up
- Chinese Fan Palm FAQs
Chinese Fan Palm Care Essentials:
|Botanical Name:||Livistona chinensis|
|Also Known As:||Chinese Fan Palm or Fountain Palm|
|Care Difficulty:||Easy to Moderate. Suitable of beginners.|
|Light Requirements:||Bright, indirect light throughout the majority of the day.|
|Temp & Humidity:||Thrives in ambient temperatures ranging from 65 to 85F with moderate to high humidity.|
|Watering:||Weekly in spring and summer and every 2 to 3 weeks in winter when the top two inches of soil are dry to the touch.|
|Soil:||Well-draining, slightly acidic.|
|Feeding:||An all-purpose, water-soluble palm fertilizer once a month from spring until mid-summer.|
|Growth Expectations:||Slow grower, typically less than 1 ft per year. Typically will reach 6 to 8 ft indoors.|
|Toxicity:||Non-toxic to humans and pets.|
About Chinese Fan Palms (Livistona chinensis)
Native to East Asia, the Chinese fan palm has large fanlike fronds. People also refer to these plants as fountain palms.
They belong to the Livstona (fountain palm) genus, and their specific epithet chinensis refers to their Chinese origins.
Identification and Botanical Characteristics
The palm can reach 50 feet tall outdoors, but it typically maxes out at eight feet tall when grown indoors.
Small plants appear bushlike in appearance. Older plants vary in appearance depending on whether they are grown indoors or outdoors.
Palms grown indoors will shoot up numerous fronds from a low central point. These fronds have long petioles topped with fan-shaped lamina. The fronds droop down to forming a cascading form.
Outdoors, palms will still produce numerous fan-shaped fronds. However. the palm will grow a tall, thick trunk.
Are Chinese Fan Palms Toxic to Humans and Pets?
The Chinese fan palm is non-toxic to humans and pets.
However, the palm does have sharp spines on its petioles. Keep this in mind if you have small children at home.
While the Chinese fan palm is native to East Asia, it has naturalized in other parts of the world. In most places, it has escaped areas where it was cultivated as an ornamental plant.
In tropical regions including Hawaii, Florida, and the Caribbean, this palm is considered invasive. It can quickly take over an understory and choke out native plants.
Chinese Fan Palm Meaning & Symbolism
The Chinese fan palm isn’t tied to any specific symbolism. However, it does share the same meaning as other palms. Palms are seen as a symbol of peace, victory, and the ability to rise above conflict.
In general, it is associated with positive rather than negative feelings.
How to Grow Chinese Fan Palms Indoors at Home
Chinese fan palms are easy to grow at home. All they need is the proper environment and a bit of basic care. Here we’ll run through the essential components to successfully grow and nurture Chinese fan palms at home.
When planted indoors, the Chinese fan palm generally maxes out at about eight feet tall. However, if you plant it in a bright location with tall ceilings, it may grow taller.
The palm is relatively slow-growing and grows less than a foot per year.
What to Do Before Planting
Before you add a Chinese fan palm to your home, you’ll need to get ready for its arrival.
First, find a container that is large enough to contain your plant but not much bigger. Make sure the planter has drainage holes.
Next, find a suitable area for your palm. Since these plants can grow quite large, consider placing them on the floor. Another option is to place a planter on a short plant stand.
Along with making sure your palm has enough room, make sure it has the proper growing conditions. You can read more about temperature and light requirements below.
What’s the Best Soil Mix?
Chinese fan palms require a well-draining soil mix that allows excess moisture to escape. However, the soil mix should also hold some moisture.
If you want to buy a pre-mixed soil, look for one that is labeled for palms.
Alternatively, you can make your own potting mix. To do so, combine the following.
- 2 parts peat moss OR coco coir
- 1 part perlite
- 1 part sand
This soil mix will allow excess water to escape but hold enough for the plant to thrive.
How to Plant a Chinese Fan Palm
Once you’ve found a good potting mix, it’s time to plant.
If you’re removing your palm from an old container and planting it in a new one, don’t size up too much. Choose a planter that is only a few inches larger in diameter.
When you plant, only cover the rootball of the palm.
Chinese Fan Palm Light Preferences & Suitable Locations
The ideal light for the Chinese fan palm is bright, indirect light. A few feet away from a south-facing window or the middle of a brightly lit room will provide these conditions.
However, these palms can also thrive in other types of light. They can handle a bit of direct light as well as partial shade.
The most important thing is to provide the plants with at least six hours of bright light each day. They will not do well in dark areas of your home.
Temperature & Humidity Preferences
While these palms are native to warm regions, they can handle a bit of cold. So, you don’t need to worry if your home occasionally dips to 50ºF.
However, they grow best at temperatures between 65-85ºF.
Like with most plants, you should avoid both hot and cold drafts. Therefore, avoid placing your palm near an exterior door or heating vent.
Chinese fan palms are flexible when it comes to humidity. They prefer high humidity but will grow fine in moderate humidity.
If the air is very dry, use a humidifier to increase air moisture. Alternatively, you can mist your palm with water.
How to Care for Chinese Fan Palms at Home
Watering Chinese Fan Palm Plants
Chinese fan palms do best in a potting mix that is moist but not wet. Small palms are not very tolerant of drought, yet they are susceptible to root rot.
A good rule is to let the top two inches of the soil dry out in between waterings. To check the moisture level, stick a finger in the soil near the middle of the planter.
When you water your palm, slowly add water until the water runs out of the drainage holes. Remove any water that has accumulated in a saucer below the planter.
The frequency you’ll need to water will depend on numerous factors. However, you can plan to water every one to two weeks in the summer and every two to four weeks in the winter.
Dry air and bright light will increase the amount you’ll need to water. You will also need to water more in the summer than you will in the winter.
When and How to Prune a Chinese Fan Palm
You don’t need to prune Chinese fan palms. However, these plants will maintain a neater appearance if you do some basic pruning.
Older fronds will naturally die and fold down. You can remove these dead fronds using a sharp pair of shears.
You should also remove any fronds with signs of disease. This will help prevent the rest of the plant from becoming infected.
Propagating a Chinese Fan Palm
The two main ways to propagate Chinese fan palms are by seeds and suckers.
In the wild, new plants easily sprout from seeds. However, getting seeds to germinate and grow indoors can be tricky. Propagation via seeds is best left to experienced growers.
Therefore, the best way to propagate fan palms indoors is by suckers.
Suckers, otherwise known as offshoots or pups, are small plants that form at the base of the palm. You can separate these small plants to form larger plants.
The first step to propagating is to find a sucker. This isn’t always possible since palms don’t always produce them.
Once you find a sucker, use a sharp knife to carefully remove it. Maintain as much of the base of the sucker as possible.
Next, place the sucker in a pot filled with a well-draining potting mix. Water well until roots form.
It’s important to note that you cannot propagate palms via cuttings.
Feeding and Fertilzing Chinese Fan Palms
Chinese Fan Palms can benefit from a little boost from a palm-specific fertilizer during the early spring and summer months only. This will help to provide essential nutrients after the slow dormant winter period.
When and How to Repot
The Chinese fan palm is a slow-growing plant. Therefore, you don’t need to repot it very often.
Rather than repotting your palm on a set schedule, keep an eye on its growth. When you see the plant’s roots busting out of the bottom or top of the container, it’s time to repot.
Choose a container that is an inch or two larger in diameter than the current pot. Fill the new pot with a few inches of potting soil.
Remove the palm from its old pot and shake off any old soil. Inspect the roots for any signs of root rot. Trim away any unhealthy roots.
Place the rootball in the new pot and fill with potting mix. Water well.
Common Chinese Fan Palm Problems & How to Treat Them
Chinese fan palms can suffer from problems caused by pests and an improper environment. Keep an eye out for the following issues.
Yellow leaves can be caused by numerous environmental problems.
Both underwatering and overwatering can cause yellow leaves. Remember to water when the top two inches of soil is dry. Do not water more than this.
Cold temperatures can also lead to yellow leaves. Keep the air temperature above 60ºF.
One more cause of yellow leaves is not enough light. Make sure your palm receives at least six hours of bright light each day.
As you’ve read above, these palms don’t like constantly wet soil. If the roots are always moist, they may develop root rot.
Root rot is a generic name for a group of fungal diseases. These fungi cause the plant’s roots to turn soft and die.
Without healthy roots, plants cannot take up water nor nutrients.
The signs of root rot include yellow or wilting leaves.
Plants are more susceptible to root rot when the soil is moist. Therefore, you must use a well-draining potting mix and a planter with drainage holes.
If you suspect your plant has root rot, you should inspect the roots. Remove the plant from its container and check for any soft or discolored roots.
Trim away any unhealthy roots. Repot your plant with fresh potting mix.
Spider mites are small arachnids that suck plant juices. They aren’t spiders, but they form small webs on plants.
Since spider mites are so small, you might notice damage before you notice the mites themselves. The mites caused small yellow or brown dots on leaves. Another sign of spider mites is a thin, silky web.
If left untreated, spider mites can kill a plant.
These pests rapidly multiply, so it’s important to treat them right away.
If you notice only a few spider mites, you can wipe them off with a wet rag. To treat larger infestations, spray the pests with neem oil or insecticidal soap.
Now, let’s make sure you’re prepared with all of the tools for optimal Chinese fan palm plant care. Here’s a list of materials you will want to keep on hand.
- Rich, well-draining potting mix
- Well-draining container
- Moisture meter or soil probe
- Balanced liquid fertilizer suitable for palm plants.
- Watering can
- Pruning shears or sharp scissors
Now that you know how to care for Chinese fan palms, go ahead and add one to your home. Their dramatic leaves and beautiful form will add intrigue to any area.
Chinese Fan Palm FAQs
Is a Chinese Fan Palm a Good Indoor Plant?
Yes, the Chinese fan palm makes a good houseplant. It does well indoors in normal conditions.
How Big Does a Chinese Fan Palm Get?
When grown outside, these palms can grow up to 50 feet tall. However, they rarely grow larger than eight feet tall indoors.
How Fast Do Chinese Fan Palm Trees Grow?
Chinese fan palms are slow-growing plants typically maxing out at around 1ft per year indoors.
Is Chinese Fan Palm Poisonous to Dogs and Other Pets?
No. The Chinese fan palm is non-toxic to dogs, cats, and other pets.
Can a Chinese Fan Palm Tolerate Low Light?
Chinese fan palms grow best with at least six hours of bright light each day. They can tolerate part shade, but they will suffer in extremely low levels of light.
Briana holds a B.S. in Plant Sciences from Penn State University. She manages a small market garden where she grows vegetables and herbs. She also enjoys growing flowers and houseplants at home.