Wildflowers are extremely beautiful and adaptable low-maintenance plants. Although many wildflowers are drought-tolerant, they still need water to survive. In this article, we’ll discuss when and how to water wildflowers in your garden.
The Importance of Watering Correctly
Almost all life on Earth depends on water to survive, especially plants. Water can form up to 95% of a plant’s total mass. Plants absorb water and nutrients through their roots while absorbing carbon dioxide and sunlight through their leaves.
During photosynthesis, plants combine water, carbon dioxide, and solar energy to create glucose. Plants need glucose to manufacture cellulose, which is the essential building block of plant tissue. As such, water helps plants maintain their structure and create new tissue, especially when it’s hot.
Water also acts as a conduit for plants to absorb nutrients. When the roots suck up water, nutrients from the soil are also absorbed. In hot conditions, plants can also allow excess water to evaporate through their leaves, reducing their temperature.
When to Water Wildflowers
Once established, most wildflowers won’t need extra watering. Many desert or prairie wildflowers, including some species of coneflowers, have long taproots that absorb water from deep underground. Most wildflowers are drought-tolerant and like loose, dry, well-draining soils.
However, you must water newly sown wildflower seeds, young plants, and wildflowers growing in containers. For most annual wildflowers, you’ll need to water them regularly for approximately six weeks before they become established. Perennials can be left to establish at their own pace without any extra water.
Sow wildflower seeds either indoors or directly in the ground during the spring. Keep the soil moist and water whenever the top 1 to 2 inches of soil feel dry. This is especially important for wildflower seeds indoors.
If you’re growing wildflowers in containers or pots, you’ll need to water them more frequently. Plants growing in containers dry out faster than those growing in the ground. Water these flowers once a week or two if the soil feels dry.
Seasonal Changes to Consider
Although many wildflower species are drought-tolerant, excessive droughts are too much for them. Water your wildflowers once a week in prolonged periods of drought to keep them healthy.
Whenever you water your wildflowers, check the weather. If rain is expected, postpone watering. Most flowers hate waterlogged soil, so watering before or after it rains could leave too much moisture in the soil.
Biennial and perennial wildflowers go dormant during the winter to conserve energy for the following spring. As such, you won’t need to water these types during the winter. Annual wildflowers die off after one year, so they won’t survive the winter anyway (for more, see our guide to cutting back and overwinter care).
How to Water Wildflowers
It is extremely important to give wildflowers the right amount of water. Too much water leads to waterlogged soil, which is a massive problem for many flowers.
Established wildflowers should get enough water from regular rainfall. Don’t water unless they suffer during an extended drought period. Wildflower seedlings and young plants should be watered once a week for approximately six weeks to keep the soil moist.
Always water at the base of the stem, not from above. Watering plants from above causes water to splash onto the leaves and flowers. This often leads to problems such as root rot and other fungal infections.
Water in the morning, wherever possible. This allows them to access the water before too much evaporates during the afternoon. Avoid watering during the evening to prevent wildflowers from sitting in wet soil overnight, especially if it’s cold.
Signs of Overwatering
Overwatering is a big problem for wildflowers and leads to waterlogged soil. This causes severe issues such as root rot or powdery mildew. Common signs of overwatering include:
- Drooping or yellowing leaves
- Brown, mushy, or smelly roots
- Soil stays wet for long periods
Signs of Underwatering
Although most wildflowers are drought-tolerant, they can still suffer from underwatering in extreme conditions. Common signs of underwatering include:
- Cracked, dry soil
- Shriveled or wilting foliage and flowers
Watering Wildflowers FAQs
Should You Water Wildflowers?
Established wildflowers don’t need extra watering. However, wildflower seedlings and young plants should be watered until they become established.
What Time of Day Should You Water Wildflowers?
Morning is the best time of day to water wildflowers. This prevents them from sitting in wet soil overnight or losing too much water during hot afternoons.
How Long Should You Water the Wildflower Garden?
When starting a wildflower garden, water annual wildflower seedlings for approximately six weeks until they become established.
When and How to Water Wildflowers: Wrapping Up
Established wildflowers, especially perennials, won’t need watering. Wildflower seedlings and young plants need watering regularly for approximately six weeks until they become established. Wildflowers growing in containers should be watered relatively regularly if the soil feels dry.