Bougainvillea Flower Symbolism, Uses, and Benefits

Here we’ll take you through everything you need to know about bougainvillea flower symbolism and meaning, their history and origins, uses and benefits, and cultural significance around the world today.

About Bougainvillea Flowers

The stunning bougainvillea flower carries the symbolic meaning of passion and beauty. This evergreen vine’s “blooms” — actually brightly colored bracts — grow in stunning shades of red, pink, and more.

Family, Genus, and Taxonomy

Bougainvillea, also known as paper flowers, belongs to the Bougainvillea genus. Part of the Nyctaginaceae or “four o’clock” family, there are up to 18 recognized species in the genus.

Botanical Characteristics, Colors, Fragrances

The most common bougainvillea species grown as ornamentals, B. spectabilis and B. glabra, are perennial, shrubby vines.

Popular Types, Species, and Cultivars

B. spectabilis and B. glabra are two bougainvillea species commonly grown in the landscape. There are more than 250 varieties available.

Etymological Meaning

Bougainvillea is named after Admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville, a late 18th-century explorer.

What regions are Bougainvillea Flowers Native to?

Bougainvillea is native to eastern regions of South America, including parts of Brazil, Peru, and Argentina.

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