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Everything You Need to Know About Growing and Caring for Blue Dawn Morning Glory Flowers at Home

If you’re looking for the perfect vine to decorate a fence or trellis, look no further than the blue dawn morning glory (Ipomoea indica). This flowering plant produces vigorous trailing stems, heart-shaped leaves, and beautiful blue flowers. The key is waking up early enough to catch them in bloom. Here we’ll take you through everything you need to know about how to grow blue dawn morning glory flowers at home including planting, soil considerations, watering, fertilizing, pruning, propagating, and pest control.  


Growing Blue Dawn Morning Glory (Ipomoea indica) – The Essentials: 

Botanical Name:Ipomoea indica
Also Known As:Blue Morning Glory, Blue Dawn Flower, Koali Awa, and Oceanblue Morning Glory
Hardiness Zones:Winter hardy at USDA zones 11 and up
Flowering Season: Late spring to the first frost of fall. Bloom time will vary depending on location, but it will be around June through October.
Growing Difficulty:Easy, suitable for new gardeners
Type of Plant: Flowering perennial vine
Light Requirements:Around six to eight hours of full sunlight per day. May tolerate partial shade.
Temperature and Humidity:Tolerant of various temperatures and humidity levels. If planting seeds, wait until soil is at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit. If temperatures drop below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, the plant may be annual rather than perennial. 
Watering Needs:Around one inch of water per week during the growing season. Reduce frequency in the winter.
Soil Preferences:Moist but well-draining soil with a neutral pH level.
Feeding:A low-nitrogen, liquid fertilizer every four weeks or so during the growing season.
Growth Expectations:Vines can grow up to 10 feet long, and plants can spread up to six feet wide.
Toxicity:Toxic to humans and pets.

About Blue Dawn Morning Glory (Ipomoea indica)

About Blue Dawn Morning Glory (Ipomoea indica)

Scientific Facts About Ipomoea Indica

The blue morning glory is a part of the Ipomoea genus. Its species name is Ipomoea indica

Ipomoea flowers are a part of the Convolvulaceae family, called the bindweed family or the morning glory family. This name comes from the Latin word, convolvere, which means ‘to wind.’

Blue Morning Dawn Glory Origins and History

Blue morning glories are native to temperate, tropical, and subtropical zones. Its natural habitat can be anywhere from forests and woodlands to gullies and roadsides.

This species has been cultivated worldwide. Some believe it is native to the Neotropic realm, stretching from Florida, Mexico, and the Caribbean to Central and South America.

Blue morning glories won the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. However, despite its beauty, many countries consider it invasive. It is listed as an invasive plant in New Zealand’s Biosecurity Act 1993.

Botanical Characteristics

Botanical Characteristics

Blue morning glories have heart-shaped leaves that grow from the plant’s long, winding vines. The plant’s blue flowers bloom in a trumpet shape and produce a subtle fragrance.

Remember, this plant’s flowers open in the morning during its blooming season. As the day passes, they begin to curl inward. If you don’t prune or deadhead these flowers, berries that form seeds will grow in their place. New flowers will continue this cycle throughout the growing season. 

Uses and Benefits of Blue Dawn Morning Glory 

A benefit of growing blue morning glories is that they’re not only attractive to the human eye. This plant’s blooms invite pollinators like bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds as well. 

However, you won’t want to use blue morning glories as a garnish for summer recipes. This plant is considered toxic to both humans and animals. 

In the language of flowers, the Ipomoea indica can represent various deep emotions and ideas. It is said to symbolize infinite love, trust, respect, peace, and intuition.

Bloom Time and Flowering Season

Bloom Time and Flowering Season

Blue morning glories may be late bloomers compared to other plants in your garden. Their flowering season is any time from spring to the first frost of fall. 

This plant’s flowers only last for one day, opening up in the morning and curling inward by the afternoon. It will continue to produce new buds in this way throughout the growing season.

Growth Expectations

Ipomoea indica can spread around six feet wide, and vines can grow up to 10 feet long. You can expect this plant to grow rapidly, reaching its mature size within one season. If yours is a perennial, it will keep growing with the passing years.

Best Companion Plants for Blue Dawn Morning Glory in the Garden 

Now, this hardy vining plant can easily overtake many plants in the garden. However, there are a few species that will work well as morning glory companion plants. Here are a few to consider growing alongside blue morning glories.

  • Ipomoea alba, or moonflowers
  • Other morning glory varieties
  • Evergreen shrubs like juniper

How to Grow Blue Dawn Morning Glory

How to Grow Blue Dawn Morning Glory

What Are the Best Locations to Plant Blue Morning Glory? 

Given their twining nature, you may want to grow blue morning glories on a fence or trellis. This plant does best in a spot that receives at least six to eight hours of sun per day. It will tolerate a slightly shaded location, but it may not produce as many blooms.

What Are the Best Times of Year to Plant Blue Morning Glory? 

If you’re growing this species from seeds, plant them between late spring and early summer. Make sure the soil temperature is above 65 degrees Fahrenheit before planting seeds. 

Growing Blue Morning Glory from Seed vs. Young Nursery Plants 

Growing Blue Morning Glory from Seed vs. Young Nursery Plants

You may be wondering if you should start morning glories from seed or nursery plants. Simply put, this plant is easy to incorporate into your garden no matter which option you choose.

However, there are a few reasons gardeners prefer using seeds. It’s easy to sow morning glory seeds, and their fragile roots can make transplanting a challenge. You can buy blue morning glory seeds at a local garden shop or ask a gardener you know for seed pods from their plant. 

Wait until after the last frost in spring to plant morning glory seeds. If you’re starting them indoors, you can plant them a month or so before the last frost. Then, transplant them to your garden after the last frost.

What to Do Before Planting 

What to Do Before Planting

Before you plant blue morning glories, find a place with plenty of sun. This plant needs to receive between six and eight hours of sunlight per day to produce the best blooms.

Additionally, you will want to make sure morning glories have a good place to climb, like a fence or trellis. Keep morning glories a few feet from delicate plants, as they can overtake them.

Because of their vigorous growth habit, you may opt to grow morning glories in a hanging basket or container. This would highlight the plant’s vines without putting other plants at risk. Make sure the container has a drainage hole to eliminate excess moisture.

Before planting, you will need to collect necessary items, like soil and gardening tools. Find a detailed list of the materials and tools to have on hand in the Essential Tools section below.

What’s the Best Soil for Blue Morning Glories?

What's the Best Soil for Blue Morning Glories?

Blue morning glories enjoy moist but well-draining soil. The plant does well in loamy soil with a neutral pH level. However, it will tolerate various growing conditions.

How to Plant Blue Morning Glories

Now that you’ve gathered your materials, it’s time to plant blue morning glories. Here are the steps to take when planting Ipomoea indica in your garden. 

  • Once the last frost has come and gone, you can prepare seeds to plant. Since this species has hard seeds, you may want to scratch or soak them overnight in water to facilitate germination.
  • Find a spot to plant morning glories. If starting them indoors, you can use a peat pot to plant in the ground later, so you don’t have to transplant them.
  • Create a well-draining soil mix by adding one part perlite to potting soil.
  • Plant seeds about half an inch beneath the soil’s surface. Place them several inches away from each other. 
  • Ensure these new plants receive direct sunlight during the day. Keep their soil moist until they become established plants.

Blue Morning Glory Light Preferences 

Blue Morning Glory Light Preferences

Blue morning glories need around six to eight hours of bright, direct sunlight per day. They can tolerate a lightly shaded environment. However, they will enjoy as much sun as they can get, especially during their first growing season.

Blue Morning Glory Temperature and Humidity Preferences 

The Ipomoea indica is tolerant of various temperatures and humidity levels. If you’re planting blue morning glory seeds, wait until the soil is at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit. 

If temperatures dip below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, this plant will be annual. In warmer environments, it can be a perennial, meaning it will come back the following year. 


How to Care for Blue Dawn Morning Glory

How to Care for Blue Dawn Morning Glory

Watering Blue Morning Glory

Blue morning glories have different watering needs across their lifetime. Keep soil moist until they develop leaves and become established. 

Mature plants will need around one inch of water per week during the growing season. They may also benefit from mulch on the soil’s surface for moisture retention. Reduce your watering schedule in the winter months. 

Fertilizing Blue Morning Glory

This plant doesn’t require too much fertilizer. You can apply a low-nitrogen, liquid fertilizer when you first plant it. Then, fertilize every four weeks or so during its growing period.

Pruning Blue Morning Glories

Pruning Blue Morning Glories

While blue morning glories do not require pruning. Still, many gardeners choose to trim vines and deadhead old blooms to prevent overgrowth. 

Deadheading blooms helps the plant stay healthy and prevent new seeds from forming. Use your fingers to pinch and remove the withered blooms to encourage healthy growth. 

If you want to trim back overgrown vines, do so in the summer months. You can cut as much as half of the length at this time. If any vines appear infected or damaged, you can trim them back whenever you’d like. 

Propagating Blue Morning Glories

Propagating Blue Morning Glories

Morning glories trail along the earth and can develop roots on the ground’s surface. You can take advantage of this growth habit to propagate new morning glories by following the steps below.

  1. Use scissors or a knife to gently graze the surface of a vine that trails along the ground. This will create a wound and encourage new roots to form. 
  2. Place the vine back on the ground and cover it with a handful of soil. Water thoroughly. 
  3. It should take around one month for new roots to form. Once they have, cut the vine a few inches above the place where roots have grown with clean, sharp shears to create your new plant. 
  4. Cut back the foliage on this vine, leaving just a few leaves at the top. This will ensure the plant is allocating most of its energy to developing its new root system.
  5. Place the cut end of the vine into a well-draining soil mix and water thoroughly. You may want to attach it to a stake for additional support while this new plant develops and grows.

Overwintering 

If the climate is too cold for blue morning glories, consider planting them in a container to bring inside. This can help you keep them as perennial plants even in a colder area. Place the container near a window that receives plenty of direct sunlight. 

Repotting Blue Morning Glory Plants Grown in Containers 

Repotting Blue Morning Glory Plants Grown in Containers

If you plant morning glories in a container, you may need to repot them if you notice the root system is poking out of its drainage holes. Here are some steps for repotting blue morning glories. 

  • Find a container twice as wide as the current pot. Fill it with the same well-draining potting mix you used for its previous container.
  • Place a trellis in the center of the planter if you’re using one. 
  • Take the plant out of its current pot. Take care to avoid damaging its fragile root system.
  • Create a hole in the new container’s soil to make space for the plant’s root ball.
  • Add soil to fill any gaps and water thoroughly. 

Common Blue Dawn Morning Glory Problems and How to Treat Them

Common Blue Dawn Morning Glory Problems and How to Treat Them

Morning glories don’t face too many issues, but here are a few problems that may come up when growing Ipomodea indica. 

Signs of Watering Issues 

If you overwater mature morning glories, they can develop fungus-related issues like leaf spot, thread blight, or stem rot. They may also develop a fungal disease called rust, which causes yellowed leaves. 

If you notice these issues, remove any affected areas. Minimize the plant’s hydration schedule and water at the base to avoid getting foliage overly wet. 

Signs of Lighting Issues in Blue Morning Glories

Blue morning glories love plenty of light, but they may not flourish in low-light environments. If you notice yellowing leaves, you may want to move your plant to a sunnier location. 

Signs of Temperature Issues

Morning glories won’t survive winter temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Warmer environments will help the plant bloom more abundantly. If temperatures drop below 45 degrees, you should consider moving the plant inside during the colder months. 

Common Pests and Diseases 

Now, pests are uncommon for morning glories, but here are a few of the potential foes this plant may face. You can use an organic pesticide to eliminate and prevent these issues.

  • Aphids
  • Leaf miners
  • Leafcutter caterpillars

Essential Tools to Have Around

Essential Tools to Have Around

Here’s our list of tools to have on hand for planting and caring for blue morning glories. 

  • Well-draining soil
  • Perlite
  • Watering can
  • Cutting scissors or shears
  • Low-nitrogen fertilizer
  • Peat pot if starting seeds indoors
  • Container with a drainage hole if planting inside
  • A stake if needed for propagating new vines
  • A fence or trellis for vines to climb on
  • Organic pesticide

Wrapping Up

Blue morning glories delight the eyes and make covering fences easier than ever. With a bit of care, you’ll be prepared to grow as many Ipomoea indica vines as you desire. Just remember to set your clock to rise early, so you can catch this plant’s blooms in all their glory.


Growing Blue Morning Glory FAQs

Yes, blue morning glories are perennial in many locations, so they will come back every year. However, if temperatures drop below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, this plant will not bloom again the following year.

Yes, blue morning glories attract bees and other pollinators like hummingbirds and butterflies.

Yes, blue morning glories should bloom the first year. The key is giving them enough time to establish themselves before their blooming period.

Yes, deadheading blue morning glories can prevent overgrowth and keep the plant healthy.

Ipomoea indica is native to temperate, tropical, and subtropical regions across the globe. The plant grows natively in Central and South America, Southeast Asia, and some islands in the Pacific.

Yes, Ipomoea is considered invasive in some areas. These include New Zealand, Australia, Portugal, South Africa, and California. It is listed in New Zealand’s Biosecurity Act 1993.


Author

Brandy Wells is an American copywriter and content writer living in Spain. From hiking in her hometown near the Smoky Mountains to digging in the dirt in rural Oregon, she has always put a love of nature at the heart of her endeavors. These days, you’ll catch her writing content, and of course, taking breaks to tend to her growing houseplant collection.

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