To maximize blooming each flowering season, anemone plants will benefit from a vegetative fertilizer in the spring and a flowering fertilizer during the peak summer months. For best results, I fertilize once in the early spring and again in the late spring or early summer. Here’s all you need to know about when and how to fertilize anemones in your garden yearly.
Signs Your Anemones Are Lacking Nutrients
Since each nutrient plays a specific role in plants, signs of nutrient deficiency can significantly vary. However, you can look for common signs that you may need to fertilize.
In my experience, yellow leaves can signal many problems, including a lack of nutrients. If you notice older leaves are turning light green or yellow, it could be a sign of nitrogen deficiency. If all leaves turn yellow, your plant could be low in potassium.
Before assuming yellow leaves are a sign that you need to fertilize, you should look for other causes. These include overwatering, underwatering, and cold temperatures.
If your anemone appears stunted and unhappy, it could lack essential nutrients. If you think this is the case, it’s best to start by applying a low dose of fertilizer and seeing how your plant responds. In addition, it’s prudent to monitor any common anemone pests, bugs, and diseases.
When and How Often Should You Fertilize?
Since anemones typically bloom in the spring or early summer, you’ll want to apply fertilizer in the spring. I apply a vegetative fertilizer as soon as plants begin to resume growth in the spring. You will only need to apply this fertilizer one time.
You can then switch to a flowering fertilizer about a month after you apply the vegetative fertilizer. One application in mid-spring is generally sufficient. However, you can apply again in the late spring if your plant is still blooming.
The Best Fertilizer for Anemones
Since you likely planted anemones for their gorgeous flowers, you want to choose a fertilizer that encourages the production of blooms. If you choose a fertilizer that is too high in nitrogen, you may be left with a robust plant without any flowers.
When you’re looking for a fertilizer for your anemones, look at the NPK ratio. This tells you the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in the product based on weight.
When you first plant your anemones from corms, using a fertilizer that encourages vegetative growth is best. This means choosing a fertilizer that contains plenty of nitrogen and lesser amounts of phosphorus and potassium. A synthetic option is Miracle-Gro, and an organic alternative is Espoma Organic Plant-Tone (via Amazon).
You can also mix some compost into the top few inches of soil. This will provide a dose of beneficial microbes to the soil, which can help with nutrient availability and other factors.
Once your anemone plant has produced lots of leaves and is getting ready to flower, you should switch to a different fertilizer. A fertilizer containing more phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen will promote blooms and flowers.
No matter what fertilizer you choose to use, make sure to read the product instructions. You should calculate an application rate following these instructions. When in doubt, it’s best to under-apply rather than over-apply fertilizer.
How to Apply Fertilizer
When it comes time to fertilize your anemone, you’ll likely apply one of two products: a granular or liquid fertilizer. The way you apply these two types of fertilizer is very similar.
- Look at the product label to determine how much fertilizer to apply.
- Measure out the recommended amount of fertilizer.
- Mix the fertilizer into water or directly into the top few inches of soil depending on the product type. Many inorganic fertilizers are water soluble and can be combined with water. However, many organic fertilizers are water-insoluble and must be mixed into the soil.
- If you apply your fertilizer directly to the soil, water well afterward.
The Role of Fertilizing in Plant Health, Growth, and Development
All plants, including anemones, need 18 nutrients to grow and thrive.
These nutrients can be broken down into structural, primary, secondary, and micronutrients. While plants obtain structural nutrients from the air and water, they acquire the rest through their roots.
The soil often contains some of the necessary nutrients. However, native soil doesn’t always include all the nutrients a plant needs. And many soil mixes designed for plants lack some essential nutrients.
You may need to turn to fertilizer to give your anemone plants all the necessary nutrients.
Types of Fertilizer: Organic vs. Synthetic
There are many different types of fertilizer, and you must select the proper type for your plant. Fertilizers can vary in their state (solid or liquid), ingredients, and nutrient composition.
First, let’s look at the ingredients. In a broader sense, fertilizer can be made from organic or inorganic materials. Organic materials include naturally occurring substances, while inorganic fertilizers are manufactured in a lab.
Some organic fertilizers include rock powders, feather meal, and alfalfa meal. These fertilizers are often not available to plants when first applied. Instead, they may first need to be broken down by microorganisms like bacteria.
Inorganic or synthetic fertilizers are synthesized in a lab using fossil fuels. They often contain a higher concentration of nutrients than organic fertilizers. Additionally, these nutrients are often available to plants after applying fertilizer.
It’s important to note that organic and synthetic fertilizers can provide your plants with the necessary nutrients. Which one you use is up to you.
While all plants need nutrients, there is a thing such as too much fertilizer! Therefore, it’s important to follow product directions when applying fertilizer.
If you apply too much fertilizer at once, your anemone plants may develop various issues. The leaf tips may become yellow or brown, and eventually, entire leaves may fall off. You may also notice a white crust form on the soil’s surface—this indicates fertilizer buildup.
You should also consider your soil type when you are fertilizing. Soils that are heavy in clay and organic matter are better able to hold onto nutrients than sandy soils. This means you may not have to apply fertilizer as often.
One more thing to remember is the type of fertilizer you choose. As mentioned above, different plants need different amounts of certain nutrients. Plant nutrient needs also differ over the life of the plant.
Therefore, choosing a fertilizer that works well for an anemone is essential rather than just grabbing one you already have at home.
Fertilizing Anemone Flowers FAQs:
What Is the Best Fertilizer for Anemone Flowers?
Choose a vegetative fertilizer for when the anemone is producing leaves. Then, switch to a fertilizer designed for flowering plants when you enter the anemone’s flowering season.
Is Miracle-Gro Good for Anemones?
Miracle-Gro can work well for anemones, but it may not be the best option. Instead, choose a fertilizer that is designed for flowering plants.
Are Used Coffee Grounds Good for Anemones?
It’s best to avoid applying used coffee grounds to your anemones. These can lower the soil pH too much and cause other issues.
Now you know the basics of fertilizing your anemone plants! Remember to select a proper fertilizer and err on the side of underapplying. If you think your plant needs more nutrients, you can always apply more fertilizer at a later date.