Carnation flowers come from the Dianthus genus and are also known as pinks. Known for their beautiful frilly petals, and symbolic value, carnations produce a sweet, spicy, clove-like fragrance throughout spring and summer. In this article, I’ll run through everything you need to know about carnation sunlight requirements for optimal growth and maximum blooms each season.
Carnation Sunlight Requirements
Most types of carnations need approximately four to six hours of full sun every day. Carnations prefer to receive full sun during the morning rather than the afternoon. Planting carnation flowers in east or south-facing aspects is ideal and offers plenty of protection from direct afternoon sunlight.
Most carnations can tolerate partial shade, which is ideal if you live in a hot climate. During hot, dry summers, ensure your carnations receive partial shade during the afternoon. However, carnations will struggle to grow properly in full shade and may suffer from weak or stunted growth.
The Role of Sunlight in Plant Health and Development
Like most plants, all types of carnations depend on sunlight for photosynthesis. Plants rely on photosynthesis to produce glucose. Glucose is an important sugar that allows plants to manufacture cellulose, which forms the basic building block of plant tissue.
During photosynthesis, plants absorb sunlight using chlorophyll, the green pigment in their leaves. This solar energy is then mixed with carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen. While plants use glucose as fuel, the oxygen is released into the atmosphere.
While all plants need sunlight, not all plants need the same amount. However, if any plant doesn’t get enough sunlight, it will start to look sickly and unhealthy. This is because it won’t be able to produce enough cellulose to construct strong, healthy stems, leaves, or flowers.
For more, see our in-depth guide to how tall and wide carnations grow under optimal conditions.
Types of Sunlight Explained
Different plants need varying amounts of sunlight. Gardeners use four levels of sunlight to give their plants the right amount of light. The four categories are:
Plants needing full sun should get between six and eight hours of direct sunlight daily. Most plants prefer getting full sun in the morning rather than the afternoon.
Partial Sun or Partial Shade
Plants needing partial sun or shade should receive between three and six hours of direct sunlight in the morning. These plants then need shade for the rest of the day. Plants that prefer partial sun can tolerate a slightly more extended period of direct sun than those that prefer partial shade.
Plants that need full shade should only receive a few hours of sun daily. Plants that prefer full shade usually come from woodland or rainforest habitats.
Other Sunlight Considerations
While plants need sunlight, getting too much sunlight can actually damage plants. Morning sunlight is less intense than afternoon sunlight. As such, giving plants direct sunlight in the morning is preferable. If plants are exposed to too much intense afternoon sun, their flowers and leaves could get damaged.
All gardens have different aspects, which basically refers to how the sun passes over the garden throughout the day. These aspects correspond to the points of the compass. East-facing aspects receive direct sun in the morning, while west-facing aspects receive direct sun in the afternoon.
Carnation Sunlight Requirements FAQs
Will Carnations Grow in Shade?
Carnations grow best in full sun. However, many types of carnations can also tolerate partial shade. During hot summers, provide partial shade during the afternoon to protect your carnations during the flowering season. However, carnations cannot grow well in full shade.
Where is the Best Place to Plant Carnations?
Plant carnations in a sunny, sheltered spot with rich, well-draining soils. Carnations thrive when they get between four and six hours of direct sunlight every day. Carnations grow best in USDA Zones 3 to 8.
Do Carnations Come Back Every Year?
Most types of carnations are herbaceous perennials that come back every year. However, carnations are short-lived perennials that only live for three to four years. Carnations go dormant and die back in the winter but reemerge in the spring.
Why Are My Carnations Dying?
Your carnations may be dying if they’re growing in full shade or direct afternoon sun. Carnations can also die when left in waterlogged soil. Use well-draining soils and position your carnations in full sun or partial shade.
Can Carnations Be Grown in Pots?
Carnations are compact plants that grow well in pots (from seed or as young nursery plants) as long as they have rich, well-draining soil. Carnations are well-suited to small or medium containers. Water potted carnations once a week whenever the top 2 inches of soil feels dry.
Carnations prefer full sun and need between four and six hours of direct sunlight per day. That said, most carnations can also grow in partial shade. However, these beneficial plants don’t like full shade and will likely suffer from weak or stunted growth. Plant carnations in east or south-facing aspects to give them plenty of full sun during the morning.